Protein is one of the main components of a person’s daily diet. It is part of all the tissues in our body. Also, without the participation of protein, not a single chemical reaction takes place in the body. Proteins are composed of amino acids. These components are not produced in the body, that is, the protein does not appear in the body independently. It is possible to replenish the body with these substances with food, so it is important to know exactly where to draw the squirrels.
Human need for protein
The need for protein is determined depending on the person’s age, gender, general body condition, and level of physical activity.
Food for children consists of protein in the first months of life. After all, mother's milk is saturated with protein. Consumption of this element by children is extremely important for their proper growth and development.
In order to exhaust the daily protein requirement, an adult needs an amount of this element to be 14% of the total daily calorie intake.
The need for protein increases dramatically when experiencing stressful situations and illnesses. In addition, climatic conditions also affect the amount of protein consumed. With strong heat or, conversely, frost, the need for protein increases significantly.
Animal protein in food
- Most of the protein you find in meat (excluding pork), fish, low-fat cottage cheese and cheese. These foods contain between 15 and more grams of protein per 100 grams of product.
- On the second place by the content of animal proteins is pork, various sausages, sausages, fat cottage cheese and eggs. In these products, protein 10-15 g per 100 g of product.
- Replenish your body can protein milk, sour cream and kefir. Out of 100 g of these dairy products, your body can absorb between 5 and 10 g of protein.
It should be borne in mind that proteins contained in different foods are absorbed at different speeds. So, fastest from meat products protein is absorbed from beef. Also characterized by the rapid absorption of proteins contained in dairy products. After the milk, fish and meat go according to the speed of absorption.
Proteins in foodsasthma
The main "storage" of vegetable protein are in soy products, nuts, beans and peas. Also enough vegetable proteins you can learn from semolina. Among other things, the protein contained in it is absorbed much better than the protein content of other cereals and other plant products. There is a lot of such useful substance in other cereals: millet, buckwheat and oatmeal. Protein is contained in pasta, rye and wheat bread, potatoes, mushrooms, rice and barley.
Vegetable proteins are very important for people who want to lose extra kilos. After all, herbal products, if they contain enough protein, are low in fat. In addition, plant foods do not supply the body with as much cholesterol as animal products. For more information about plant foods and proteins contained in it, see the article Where do I get proteins, essential amino acids and vitamin B12 ?. The article is particularly relevant for those who consume mostly vegetable food.
At the same time, it is necessary to be careful when eating soy, as the frequent ingestion of this product disturbs the functioning of the thyroid gland, which ultimately leads to metabolic disorders.
If you play sports, then you need more proteins. How in this case to make the menu by days, read the article Protein diet for athletes.
Protein is the main component of health. And the only way to bring it into the body - food! Consider this fact when choosing your menu.