Pressing pain in the heart can not help but bother the person experiencing it. Such unpleasant feelings are considered harbingers of heart disease and can lead to serious consequences. That is why this topic should be given special attention.
How to distinguish heartache?
Often the problems of the cardiovascular system of the body do not have pronounced symptoms by which one could determine the nature of the deviation. That is why the pathologies of the heart are distinguished by the intensity and nature of pain:
- aching heart pain can indicate the presence of a disease such as myocarditis;
- pressing pain in the chest is a sign of angina pectoris;
- recurrent pains (tingling) speak of neurosis of the heart.
A person who has suffered a strong moral shock and stress, very often complains of heartache. This is how cardioneurosis is characterized. In medical practice, this disease is not considered to be a cardiac pathology, but a psychosomatic disorder of the central nervous system, in which abnormalities in the functioning of the heart muscle are not usually observed. In this case, patients describe the nature of pain in different ways. Some argue that it is a sharp tingling in the heart, others feel the emptiness in the chest.
In addition to chest pain, cardioneurosis is accompanied by the following symptoms:
- feeling of a lump in the throat;
- heart palpitations;
- rapid physical fatigue;
- strong migraines;
- sudden changes in body temperature: fever, chills;
- unstable sleep;
- heavy sweating.
All of the above symptoms can be aggravated by improper lifestyle, stressful situations, physical exertion, alcohol abuse and smoking.
Periodic pains in the heart of the whining, stabbing and cutting nature most often occur due to inflammation of the heart muscle and due to disruptions in its work. This disease is called myocarditis. Symptoms manifested in the first weeks of the disease.
Myocarditis is characterized by the following symptoms:
- persistent dyspnea with less physical exertion;
- fast fatiguability;
- rapid pulse;
- chest pains;
- general weakness of the body;
- darkening of the eyes;
- increased sweating;
- sharp irritability, tearfulness, sleep disturbance.
Sometimes myocarditis can proceed without pronounced symptoms. That is why the disease is difficult to distinguish in its early stages.
A pressing pressure in the sternum, in the middle it is difficult to breathe - this is how people describe the attacks of stenocardia. Usually, such painful sensations occur during heavy physical exertion and emotional shock.
Very often, angina pectoris is confused with pre-infarction status. But there is a significant difference between these two diseases. Often, angina can not manifest itself in a state of rest or sleep, but in order to make an accurate diagnosis and distinguish between diseases, you need to consult a doctor. When examining a cardiologist, it is very important to accurately describe your condition, localization of pain and level of pain.
What to do if there is a pressing pain in the heart area?
Before taking any action, you need to make sure that it is the heart that hurts. If the pain does not increase when the body turns and palpation of the subcostal space, and there is no discomfort in the stomach when swallowing, then the heart system of the body most likely suffers.
If the pain in your heart has suddenly caught you, and you do not know what to do while doing this, call the Ambulance, and before her arrival, perform the following actions:
- Immediately stop any physical activity, calm down.
- Take a comfortable sitting posture, in no case should not go to bed.
- Lower the legs so that they are below the level of the heart. This will ensure outflow of blood from the heart muscle.
- Provide sufficient fresh air.
For angina, place a nitroglycerin tablet under your tongue. However, taking nitroglycerin, the indications for use of the drug must be studied. You can also take valerian and 1 tablet of validol. But in order to avoid anaphylactic shock, ambulance doctors who come to the hospital must tell about all the medications taken.
Also, for any heart disease, doctors recommend adhering to proper nutrition and a healthy lifestyle. Double your walks in the fresh air, avoid any stressful situations and strong experiences, take to sleep at least 8 hours a day, get rid of bad habits. In more severe cases of the disease, a person may need urgent hospitalization and surgery.
Pain in the heart and chest - a serious reason to consult a doctor. Timely examination and diagnosis will allow you to prescribe a suitable complex therapy and improve the general condition of the person. Be attentive to the work of your heart, and it will serve you for many years without disturbances and pathologies. Be healthy!