Potassium permanganate, potassium permanganate, is potassium permanganate or manganese acid in the form of a beautiful dark purple powder. Potassium permanganate is highly soluble in water, and gives it the corresponding color. Due to its unique properties, it is used in various branches of medicine, and folk, and traditional, national economy, technical purposes.
Potassium permanganate: methods of use
The pronounced antiseptic effect of potassium permanganate can be explained by its chemical properties - a strong oxidizing agent. In aqueous solution, gaseous oxygen is actively separated from potassium permanganate, and the remaining manganese oxide, when interacting with tissue proteins, forms complex compounds that provide astringent properties, but only in low concentrations. If the concentration is high, then potassium permanganate can be irritating and cauterizing. The active release of oxygen explains the deodorizing effect of the solution.
In acute poisoning, calcium permanganate is often used for gastric lavage. The specific taste of potassium permanganate contributes to its spontaneous purification.
With various injuries and wounds of the skin, a solution of potassium permanganate can be used as an antiseptic. In some skin diseases, such as chicken pox, potassium permanganate is used to prevent the addition of a secondary infection, and relieve itching, and to dry the vesicles.
In bed patients, the solution of potassium permanganate is used for the prevention and treatment of pressure sores. The reddened places rub with the concentrated solution 1 - 2 times a day. Potassium permanganate is even used in the bite of venomous snakes!
The substance is also used in case of excessive sweating of the feet; baths are made of a pale pink solution for 10–15 minutes. The solution of potassium permanganate is indispensable for burns of the skin and even the eyes, but it must also be pale pink.
In the treatment of tonsillitis, scarlet fever of any etiology, herpetic lesions of the oral mucosa are assigned to gargling the mouth and mouth with a pink solution of potassium permanganate at least 4 to 5 times a day. In gynecology and urology, a weakly concentrated solution (pale pink) can be used for douching.
Contraindications for the use of potassium permanganate have not been identified, but it is worth remembering that a poorly diluted or too concentrated solution of potassium permanganate can cause burns to the skin and mucous membranes.
How to dissolve potassium permanganate in case of poisoning?
Pure potassium permanganate is never used in its pure form - its solution is necessary, which can be of different concentrations. Pale pink indicates low concentrations, bright crimson can be called strong.
In most cases, the solution is prepared by eye, and it is its color that is the main characteristic for the concentration of potassium permanganate. But still there are basic recommendations, namely, about 10 crystals per 1 liter of water.
Before using it is very important to make sure that all the crystals have dissolved, otherwise you can cause a burn!
When poisoning, and even at its first signs - vomiting, diarrhea, etc., the patient is offered to drink a solution of potassium permanganate, prepared at the rate of 2 crystals per cup of water (0.5 l). Such a solution will stimulate intestinal cleansing, eliminate the source of infection in the stomach. Usually a couple of tricks are enough to get rid of the poisoning and its symptoms.
Doctors say that it is best to prepare a solution of potassium permanganate in a separate container, after all the crystals have dissolved, you must pass the liquid through several layers of gauze, and only after that use it for dilution.
In the preparation and use of the solution of potassium permanganate must be very careful. Depending on the purpose of use, the concentration of crystals will vary. Also take into account the age of the patient.
When used in children, even for swimming, it is necessary to take a weakly concentrated solution. In adults, the concentration may be greater, both for outdoor and for internal use.
Potassium permanganate should be in the first-aid kit of any family, but with the obligatory preservation of safety precautions. Due to its oxidizing properties, it must be stored as far as possible from easily oxidized substances! Otherwise they will lose their properties.