Poliomyelitis is a dangerous virus that affects human nervous activity and causes numerous motor impairments. This disease has been virtually eliminated in developed countries with the help of a vaccine. And in order to preserve this success, the vaccine remains the most effective means. Consider polio drops and their side effects.
The polio vaccine is compulsory for all children from birth to 5 years. It is also necessary in infectious diseases triggered by poliovirus, which enters the bloodstream and affects the central nervous system, causing muscle weakness, limb paralysis and meningitis. This happens if the infected person has no treatment. As a rule, poliomyelitis affects children, pregnant women and the elderly.
The essence of vaccination is to force the body to produce antibodies that will destroy the infection and thereby protect the human body from the disease. Today in our country there are two types of vaccination against polio:
- Vaccine in the form of drops. It is administered orally by two drops. The vaccine contains a weakened pathogen of infectious polio.
- Injection vaccination, that is, intramuscular injection with a preparation containing an inactive virus. Typically, an injectable polio vaccine is part of a comprehensive vaccination, such as Infanrix.
Since the vaccine, in fact, is a weakened strain of the virus, the body’s response to the vaccine is completely natural and expected. From a medical point of view, such a reaction is considered as an immediate response of the organism to the pathogen of infection and a long-term perspective of the formation of immunity against the disease.
Possible side effects
If we talk about immunity, then the problem is that the body develops a sufficient amount of antibodies to fight infection over a long period. However, over time, the number of primary antibodies produced decreases, so re-vaccination or, as doctors say, revaccination is required.
We can say the following about the direct reaction of the body to polio drops: both oral and injectable vaccines are considered one of the safest vaccinations. A serious side effect of an oral vaccine can only be polio infection after vaccination. However, according to statistics, this happens extremely rarely: in one case out of 3 million vaccinations in children who have not been injected.
In order to avoid even such rare cases, it is recommended that the first vaccination be carried out with an inactive virus by injection, which creates sufficient immunity to rule out the possibility of infection even with revaccination with oral drops from polio. For a general understanding of the situation with the polio vaccine, summarize the information:
- the injection vaccine is completely safe;
- oral vaccination can be dangerous for unvaccinated children;
- Oral drops do not pose a danger to those who were initially injected.
In addition, the polio vaccine occasionally has consequences such as fever, malaise, diarrhea and headache. If your child has a high fever after polio drops and symptoms of paralysis begin to occur, which is extremely rare, you should immediately go to the hospital.
Contraindications for polio vaccination
Polio vaccine should not be given to children with weakened immune systems caused by diseases such as AIDS, cancer, or after an organ transplant. In addition, vaccination should be delayed if the child is sick, has vomiting or diarrhea. In this case, the absorption of the vaccine may not occur.
Should I vaccinate a child?
It should be understood that the likelihood of infection and the development of a disease, even after vaccination, remains. However, only thanks to vaccinations, humanity has not disappeared from the face of the earth. That is why vaccinations are a must!
Another thing - the body's response to vaccination. If you are experiencing an unreasonable fear of side effects of the drug, then the question should not be considered from the standpoint of denying vaccination as such, but from the point of view of preparing the child's body for vaccination. We are talking about proper nutrition, breastfeeding babies, strengthening the immune system, hardening the body, eliminating allergens from the environment of the child and the like.
It should be remembered that there is a schedule of immunization, and its observance is the key to the prophylactic efficacy of vaccination. This should be taken into account, for example, when planning a family vacation in the summer, having first found out the timing of one or another vaccination.
The immunization schedule or vaccination schedule is developed by the Ministry of Health, taking into account the age category of children, as well as the necessary intervals between vaccinations. The calendar is based on the list of diseases for which prophylaxis is being given.
Some useful tips:
- The vaccine is transferred the easier, the less stress on the digestive system. The day before vaccination, it is desirable to somewhat reduce the diet of the child.
- Before vaccination at least an hour is not recommended to eat.
- It is important that the child does not sweat much and does not lose fluid before vaccination.
- 4-5 days before vaccination, make sure that the child is not in crowded places where there is an increased risk of spreading infectious diseases.
Vaccination against poliomyelitis will be mandatory as long as there is at least one country in the world where the possibility of the spread of this viral infection remains. Take care of yourself and your children!