While the neck is fine, rarely anyone thinks about it. To attract attention can only that severe pain. A pinched nerve in the cervical region, the symptoms of which are familiar to many not by hearsay - is not as harmless as it may seem. Therefore, knowledge of the methods of first aid and its treatment can be very useful.
What happens to the neck?
The neck does a lot of work. At the same time, it is the most vulnerable part of the spine. Here, the vertebrae are located tightly, they are not so strong, and nerve canals pass alongside them. When the nerve branch is clamped by the intervertebral disk, vertebral body or muscles, a pinch occurs. This is a very common problem faced by people of all ages, men and women.
The danger of pinching lies not only in unbearable pain and limited mobility. Against this background, signs of squeezing of cerebral vessels often develop. This is fraught with such a terrible consequence, as ischemic stroke. Nerve infringement can also cause immobilization of the upper limbs, severe headaches, speech problems.
You can recover, but it will take time, and you will have to make an effort. Rehabilitation takes up to 8 weeks. Usually it is treated with conservative methods, but in difficult cases they have an operation.
Portrait of the disease: causes and symptoms
Why does the neck suffer? Usually the main culprit is osteochondrosis and its “relatives” - hernia and protrusion. This injury can be provoked by injury, prolonged traumatic stress, subluxation or displacement of the vertebra, weak neck muscles. People with obesity, poor posture and those who are exposed to excessive emotional stress and lead a sedentary lifestyle should be prepared for this trouble. Hypothermia and abnormalities in the activity of the organs of the endocrine system are two more reasons for which a nerve in the neck can be pinched.
And now about the main thing. Symptoms of pinching the nerve in the cervical spine look like this:
- sharp (tearing, stabbing) pain in the neck, the back of the head and shoulders. It becomes more intense if a person wants to turn his neck or keeps her motionless for a long time (for example, after sleeping). The pain arises periodically (as "shooting") or becomes permanent;
- dizziness (occurs when changing the position of the body);
- burning, numbness and tingling of the fingers (can seize the shoulders, collarbone and all upper limbs);
- muscle weakness. Sometimes dysfunction of the hand develops (mild paralysis);
- language may become numb, some have difficulty swallowing;
- it happens that the pain is similar to those of a heart attack;
- headache (sometimes as a migraine). There may be pressure, noise in the ears, memory deteriorates and intellectual capabilities are reduced.
How and who will diagnose?
If any signs of pinching are detected, then you should hurry to the neurologist. He will examine the patient, listen to complaints, assess his condition. To confirm the diagnosis of a person will be sent to x-rays or computed tomography.
What drugs are used for treatment?
It is known that most people here prefer to be treated on their own. But this is unlikely to work if we are talking about pinching a nerve in the cervical region. Treatment of this condition is carried out with the use of muscle relaxants and strong painkillers, which simply cannot be sold without a prescription. Therefore, it is better to immediately contact an experienced specialist.
The prescription list for this diagnosis usually includes any of the following drugs:
- painkillers - Ibuprofen (you can take it yourself), Naproxen, Ketanov, Ketonal, Baralgin, Indometacin, Movalis, Diclofenac, Piroxicam, Ketorol;
- muscle relaxants with metocarbamol (they have a pronounced hypnotic effect);
- to eliminate inflammation - injections of corticosteroids (a radical measure, since these drugs can have serious side effects);
- vitamin b;
- ointments and gels with local anesthetic and warming action (Fastum gel, Voltaren, Dolobene);
- chondroprotectors, restoring damaged cartilage tissue (Teraflex).
To fix the vertebrae, the patient will have to wear a hard orthopedic collar for some time.
Procedures that improve the outcome of therapy
Medication alone is not enough to cure a pinched nerve in the cervical region. Symptoms of this disease will occur until the clamped nerve is completely relieved. Relieving pain is just the beginning of therapy. After we managed to stop it, we proceed to physiotherapy, conduct acupuncture sessions, resort to manual exposure. Excellent results gives massage, exercise therapy. Osteopathy and shock wave therapy can provide good support.
The patient was recommended spa treatment.
You can do this yourself.
It does not hurt to connect and home non-drug methods. They also help relieve pain and inflammation, which caused a pinched nerve in the cervical region. How to treat with improvised means? Use these guidelines:
- a few hours after pinching (not immediately!), attach a hot water bottle or a bag of heated salt to the affected area. Keep it on your neck for a quarter of an hour 3 p. in a day;
- It is possible to prepare such compositions for rubbing:
rub 10 tablets of dipyrone, pour them into 250 ml of medical alcohol, pour iodine into the same place;
a few bay leaves to insist the night in a glass of vodka;
- warming up can be done using cakes made from honey and flour;
- From the second day, start applying homemade warming ointments prepared from the following components:
a mixture of fir oil, coniferous resin and valerian;
grated horseradish and potatoes (they are taken in equal quantities) and 1 tbsp. l honey Such a compress is put in a day;
- means for oral administration:
tea with thyme, oregano, motherwort, valerian, dill;
Mummy - 0.5 g daily for 10 days. Then make a 5-day break and spend another 3 courses.
Experts do not advise to rely on self-medication: so you can drive the problem to a standstill. The pain will go away, and the normal blood supply to the brain will not recover. Therefore, take care of your neck, and entrust its treatment to doctors.