Our cerebrospinal fluid and covered with a network of blood vessels. The fluid inside the skull, like the blood in the vessels, is under pressure. As you know, an increase in pressure is associated with various diseases and symptoms. Consider pills for intracranial pressure.
Intracranial pressure: symptoms
The human skull contains three main elements:
- brain tissue;
- cerebrospinal fluid that washes tissue;
- blood vessels supplying blood tissue cells.
It is clear that the skull is inextensible bone structure, so if one of the three elements for any reason increases in volume and the others do not decrease, this leads to tension. In other words, an increase in intracranial pressure can occur with such pathologies, as:
- hematomas resulting from a closed head injury;
- an increase in the amount of cerebrospinal fluid;
- the formation of a thrombagolus brain, which prevents the free flow of blood in the vessels.
We list the typical symptoms of intracranial pressure:
- frequent yawning;
- bouts of hiccups;
- weakness and fatigue;
- eye problems, such as blurred or double vision;
- a disorder of consciousness that can progress up to a coma.
The signs of intracranial pressure are fairly specific. For example, a symptom such as vomiting may occur completely spontaneously on an empty stomach and without nausea. Headaches become more and more obvious with time, especially in the neck and forehead. The pupils of the eyes as a result of increased intracranial pressure become dilated.
Blood pressure may increase while heart rate slows down. With a chronic increase in intracranial pressure, meningitis may develop with symptoms resembling stiff neck, difficulty breathing, including paralysis or convulsions. In infants and young children, when the spring is not yet closed, the forehead bulges strongly forward and becomes sensitive, vomiting appears in the morning.
How to lower blood pressure medications?
In adults, under normal health conditions, the pressure inside the cranium is between 5 and 15 mm Hg. Art. Critical is the increase in its values to 35 mm Hg. Art., which leads to loss of consciousness and threatens with the death of brain tissue. In this case, as an emergency measure, drug therapy is carried out to reduce intracranial pressure and prevent irreversible changes.
This therapy is temporary and is designed to relieve dangerous symptoms. Usually, intracranial hypertension is treated comprehensively depending on the causes of the pathology. Thus, surgery is performed to remove tumors, aneurysms, or excess cerebrospinal fluid. In the treatment of diseases of infectious etiology used antibacterial agents.
For the treatment of symptoms of intracranial pressure pills, first of all, you need to consult a doctor. After examining and examining the tests, he will prescribe the appropriate drugs. The medicine of the first choice for adults is tablets for intracranial pressure of diuretic action, which effectively stabilize the patient's condition. Consider which drugs are used most often.
This is a saluretic with a diuresis effect. Tablets are taken orally for two days. The dosage is prescribed by a doctor, usually 0.5-1 pill of 0.25 g twice a day is recommended for edema removal. The maximum amount of the drug to achieve a significant effect should not exceed 0.75 g per day.
The drug is well absorbed and acts within 6-12 hours. Its use is contraindicated in such cases as:
- functional disorders of the liver and kidneys;
- hypersensitivity to constituents;
- the patient has hypokalemia or uremia.
"Diacarb" is prohibited for use in children under three years of age, pregnant and lactating women.
This is a fast-acting diuretic. It is effective in the case of edema and circulatory disorders, as well as arterial hypertension. The drug can be used in combination with other antihypertensive drugs.
"Furosemide" is available in the form of tablets of 40 mg. The usual dosage is one tablet per day, preferably in the morning. To achieve the maximum effect, the dose can be increased to 160 mg with a fractional dose, that is, 2 times a day. For children, the drug is prescribed at the rate of 1-2 mg / kg of body weight. Manufacturers pay attention to the following contraindications:
- lactation period;
- hypokalemia disease;
- renal failure;
- hepatic coma;
- problems urinating.
Such tablets as "Glevenol" help to lower intracranial pressure. This tool largely has a positive effect on the expansion of peripheral vessels and promotes venous outflow. Dosage form - 400 mg capsules of the active ingredient. The dosage is prescribed by the doctor, depending on the severity of the patient's condition. The average therapeutic dose is one capsule twice a day.
In severe cases resort to the help of glucocorticosteroids, such as "Prednisolone". This is a synthetic hormonal agent. The course of treatment and dosage are prescribed individually.
The initial dose for acute conditions is usually 0.2-0.3 g per day. The drug is taken in accordance with the schedule of natural daily hormone production by the adrenal cortex. Usually the highest dose of medication is prescribed in the morning, and the lowest in the evening.
To avoid complications, a person with increased intracranial pressure should be supervised in the intensive care unit. Self-treatment in such a situation is strictly contraindicated. Be healthy!