Quite often, when indigestion is used, Pancreatin is used. From what it helps and how it is necessary to use it in various pathological conditions - very few people go into details. And in vain, because the uncontrolled consumption of enzymes leads to undesirable consequences. When should I use pancreatin and in what dosages?
What is Pancreatin?
It is a preparation containing pancreatic enzymes necessary for the digestion of various types of food and its components in the body:
Also included in the drug are various additional substances. The drug is produced in the form of tablets with a special coating. It allows the enzymes to remain intact under the influence of gastric juice, and the tablet - to dissolve only in the intestine.
Indications for use
The main indications for treatment with pancreatin are diseases and conditions associated with insufficient production of pancreatic enzymes and insufficient digestion of food. As a result, they may experience starvation of the body and related diseases:
- lack of vitamins in the body;
- lack of calcium and vitamin D;
Among the most common indications are the following:
- consumption of too fat and dense food, disturbances in a diet;
- pancreatitis in chronic form;
- cystic fibrosis;
- inflammation in the digestive tract and liver;
- replacement therapy in the absence of part of the stomach or intestines;
- if radiotherapy of the digestive organs has taken place;
- in violation of the function of chewing;
- for weight loss;
- complete or partial immobility;
- forthcoming ultrasound of the digestive organs.
Specific contraindications to the use of pancreatin does not exist. Exceptions may be:
- acute pancreatitis;
- individual intolerance to the components of the drug;
- intestinal obstruction.
When using pancreatin should be careful not to exceed the dosage, as this can lead to side effects:
- skin rash, itching;
- increase the amount of urea in the blood;
- hyperuricosuria - increased excretion of urea in the kidneys;
- discomfort in the perianal area.
How to take Pancreatin?
Since the drug is produced in a special shell, the tablets should be drunk whole and not chewed. It is not necessary to break or cut them, as the enzymes will be destroyed under the influence of the juice of the stomach, and the medicine will lose its strength.
A single dose of the drug for an adult should not exceed 15 thousand U / kg per day. The regular dose is determined depending on the disease. The traditional dosage is 8 thousand units in one pill.
To stimulate the digestion of food take 2-4 tablets one-time.
With insufficient production of pancreatic enzymes, the average dose of medication is 150 thousand units per day, which is divided evenly by the number of meals. With absolute insufficiency of enzymes, the dose is increased to 400 units, which is the daily lipase rate for humans.
When cystic fibrosis drug is taken at the rate of 10 thousand units per day. If this volume is exceeded, adhesions may form in the intestine.
Instructions for use of the drug for children
Pancreatin is prescribed for babies with a focus on diagnosis and age. With insufficient production of enzymes in children, food is poorly digested, regular diarrhea and hypovitaminosis develop.
For babies up to one and a half years the drug is recommended in the amount of 50 thousand units per day, and this dose is divided by the number of meals.
From one and a half to 12 years old, 100 thousand units are prescribed per day.
Teenagers from 12 years old can be assigned 200-400 thousand units per day.
Dosing of the drug for children should be done very carefully, since a sharp increase in the volume of the medication taken leads to constipation.
With regard to the appointment of Pancreatin children, there are different opinions. Some pediatricians tend to believe that the drug is harmful to the fragile body and is addictive. The pancreas in children ceases to independently produce enzymes and gets used to their entry from the outside. However, with congenital insufficient production of enzymes, pancreatin and its analogues may become the only salvation for the baby.
Pancreatin during pregnancy
Studies on the effect of the components of the drug on the state of the fetus has not been conducted, so Pancreatin and its analogues are appointed only in severe cases.
During pregnancy, this medication improves digestion and helps stabilize food intake.
Analogs of the drug
The most popular analogues of Pancreatin are Creon and Mezim. These drugs have a similar composition, but may differ in the amount of lipase or dosage.
Creon - German medicine. It is available in dosages of 10, 25 and 40 thousand units. Its main advantage is the form of capsules, which allows them to be used for infants. To do this, simply mix the powder contained in the capsule with breast milk.
Mezim is also produced in Germany and is found in dosages of 3.5 and 10 thousand units. The shell contains simethicone, which helps reduce the gas in the intestine.
Among other analogues can be mentioned:
Reviews of the drug rarely indicate side effects. Pancreatin generally has a beneficial effect on digestion. Most often, non-prescription medication is resorted to after holidays, when the amount of fatty or heavy food eaten exceeds the "standard" one. Rarely, vomiting, nausea, diarrhea are observed after taking the medicine.
A lot of reviews about pancreatin are left by parents of children who have indigestion. A common mistake for adults is dividing tablets into pieces, since the dosage must be reduced. However, dividing the drug "by eye" should not, especially destroying the shell of the tablet. It is better to choose a convenient dosage or capsule form.
Pancreatin, on the one hand, is a harmless medicine that improves digestion. However, with this drug, you need to be careful when it comes to regular admission or the appointment of children. Before using pancreatin, it is necessary to clearly understand what this medication helps and what side effects it can give. Careless handling can lead to even greater imbalance in the body.