Most often, abdominal pain occurs due to the development of pathologies of the pancreas. As you know, to restore working capacity and improve well-being will help timely prescribed and proper treatment. And for this you need to know exactly what symptoms are characteristic of a particular disease. The topic of our talk today is pancreatic diseases: symptoms and treatment.
Symptoms of pancreatic diseases, symptoms and treatment
The importance of the pancreas in the health of the body is difficult to overestimate. It performs a number of vital functions: the production of insulin, as well as enzymes responsible for the processing of proteins, carbohydrates and fats. Violations in her work are accompanied by characteristic manifestations, one of which is acute pain in the abdomen.
It is also worth highlighting other signs of pancreatic pathology:
- sharp pains on the left side of the ribs extending to the heart;
- nausea and gagging;
- frequent urination;
- blood clots leading to cardiovascular disorders;
- unstable chair - most often accompanied by a peculiar smell and color;
- an increase in the size of the liver, inflammation of the duodenum and bile ducts;
- general fatigue, feeling of dry mouth, swelling;
- inflammation in the mouth, redness of the tongue and upper palate;
- blue on the skin around the eyes;
- the appearance of itching and blue spots in the abdomen.
If you have identified the similar symptoms of the disease, then consult a doctor.
Possible causes of pathologies and consequences
Often that the pancreas suffers, the body makes it clear immediately with the help of pronounced symptoms. Acute sharp pain does not allow a person to cope with the problem. That is why you should not delay the treatment of specialists and look for other causes of pain. A delayed reaction can lead to the development of a number of diseases.
The most common pathologies of the pancreas are:
- pancreatitis in acute and chronic form;
- benign and malignant neoplasms;
- pancreatic necrosis;
- lipomatosis, etc.
The causes of these diseases are quite diverse. Most often, these include neuropsychiatric disorders, bad habits (alcohol and tobacco smoking), unhealthy diet, and cholelithiasis. However, there are other risk factors:
- side effects of medication;
- metabolic disease;
- disruption of hormonal levels;
- genetic predisposition;
- diseases of the heart and blood vessels;
- effects of surgery on the stomach and bile ducts;
- injuries to the abdomen, stomach and intestines;
- worm infestation;
- inflammation and pathology of the duodenum.
If you have found the signs and symptoms of a possible pancreatic disease, you should immediately contact your gastroenterologist. The doctor will collect a full history, evaluate your appearance and listen to complaints. After that, you will need to conduct some laboratory tests, such as:
- general and biochemical analyzes of feces, urine, blood;
- radiography and ultrasound;
- MRI and CT of the pancreas;
- if malignancy is suspected, soft tissue biopsy will be required;
- endoscopic examinations.
Treatment doctor prescribes depending on the severity of the disease and the occurrence of possible complications. There are radical and conservative therapeutic methods.
A conservative treatment method involves cleansing the body of toxins, bed rest, taking antibiotics and painkillers. After alleviating pain and relieving an attack, the doctor prescribes a comprehensive treatment of the gastrointestinal tract.
Radical treatment methods involve surgery, possibly complete or partial removal of the pancreas. They are used only in emergency situations and in severe forms of the disease.
If the pain syndrome suddenly catches up with you, some painkillers, such as no-shpa and papaverine, are allowed to go to the clinic. Another drug treatment for the symptoms of pancreatic disease can only begin with a doctor's permission. Experts advise not to take any food and drink more alkali-enriched water before taking it to the gastroenterologist during the day.
How to treat the pancreas folk remedies?
In milder forms of inflammation of the pancreas, methods of traditional medicine, for example, various infusions and compresses will help to restore the body after an illness, as well as to improve the general condition. For their preparation, the following herbs are perfect:
- pharmaceutical camomile;
- St. John's wort;
- mint leaves;
- dried and fresh parsley and dill.
It is also recommended to use a variety of decoctions, infusions and porridge from oats and oat milk.
However, it should be remembered that folk remedies are more likely prevention than the treatment of a disease. Apply this medicine can be to restore and maintain the body after medication.
What diet to follow?
In diseases of the pancreas, special attention should be paid to proper nutrition and adherence to a certain diet. The list of foods that can be eaten is determined by the doctor. As a rule, these include:
- first courses without frying;
- stale rye and white bread;
- boiled or steamed meat and fish;
- low-fat dairy products;
- various cereals;
- fresh juices and compotes, as well as herbal teas and infusions.
From the diet should be excluded such products:
- fatty, salty, fried, smoked food;
- hot spices and spices;
- fresh pastries;
- alcohol and cigarettes;
It is necessary to eat regularly, 5-6 times a day in small portions. It is important to completely eliminate snacks on the go and "street" food.
Summing up, it should be noted that with the slightest symptoms of pancreatic diseases it is necessary to undergo a full course of treatment and adhere to a healthy diet. Timely action will help to avoid serious consequences and complications. Be healthy!