Pancreatic diseases - symptoms


Sharp pains in the lumbar spine or in the upper abdomen can be the cause of acute diseases of the pancreas. But not all of us represent the importance of this body for the normal functioning of the body and are able to assess the danger in time. How to recognize that the pancreas hurts? What medications to take to alleviate the symptoms of chronic pancreatitis and other pancreas ailments?

Pancreas and its role in the body

Pancreas belongs to the endocrine glands

The pancreas belongs to the endocrine glands. Its weight in a healthy adult is up to 80 grams, the length of the body is up to 25 cm, thickness is up to 9 cm. Its main task is the production of digestive enzymes:

  • hormones insulin, glucagon (regulate the level of glucose and are involved in the metabolism of carbohydrates) and lipocoin (helps the formation in the liver of phospholipids, which digest fats);
  • grooves, trypsin, maltase and others), which break down proteins, carbohydrates and fats;
  • pancreatic juice (contributes to the digestion of food in the stomach by oxidizing its contents).

Since the pancreas is located next to many vital organs, its damage can significantly affect their work. Diseases develop rapidly, sometimes within a few hours, and can even lead to tissue necrosis.

Why does the pancreas hurt?

Diseases of the pancreas, their symptoms and treatment are directly related to the following reasons:

  • unhealthy diet with the abuse of too spicy and salty foods;
  • smoking, alcohol;
  • diseases of the stomach and intestines;
  • cholecystitis;
  • gallstones.

Due to the influence of harmful factors, the pancreas begins to produce less hormones and enzymes. If the food ceases to be absorbed, the nutrients entering the body are reborn into body fat. The lack of proteins provokes dystrophy of muscles, and the absence of insulin and carbohydrate metabolism leads to diabetes and brain atrophy. Particularly serious consequences can be fatty degeneration of the liver, blindness, and even amputation of limbs.

Learn also about the symptoms of inflammation of the pancreas and signs of inflammation of the thyroid gland.

How to find out what hurts the pancreas?

Common pancreatic disease symptoms are easily distinguished:

  • back pain (encircling) or in the region of the lower ribs;
  • vomiting at the time of exacerbation;
  • decrease in appetite;
  • temperature increase (with tissue necrosis);
  • reduction of pain in an inclined sitting position.

Depending on which diseases of the pancreas are diagnosed, the symptoms and treatment may differ.

Common pancreatic diseases

Common pancreatic diseases


May be acute and chronic. Typical symptoms:

  • vomiting;
  • nausea;
  • girdle pains;
  • pain in the lower ribs after drinking alcohol;
  • pain slightly higher on the right side of the navel during palpation.

Sometimes lumbar pain patients are confused with osteochondrosis or pyelonephritis (kidney disease). In the case of osteochondrosis, the spinal column will hurt when pressed, but not with pancreatitis.

Pyelonephritis after tapping in the kidney area provokes increased pain and the appearance of blood in the urine. Depending on which part of the organ is affected, the symptoms of chronic pancreatitis will be localized in different parts of the body:

  • pain under the ribs and to the right of the navel - the head of the gland;
  • in the left side of the back under the ribs - the tail;
  • in the area of ​​the stomach - the body of the pancreas.

Quite often, pancreatitis is confused with cholecystitis. These are different diseases, but they are closely interrelated. Cholecystitis is a stagnation of bile and inflammation in the gallbladder. Pancreatitis - pancreatic juice stagnation in the pancreas, with the result that iron itself digests. In a healthy body, the work of one organ is impossible without the normal work of another. If a pancreatic or gallbladder disease occurs, a neighbor disease will follow. Among the symptoms of cholecystitis can be identified:

  • mood swings;
  • heart palpitations and heart pains;
  • severe pain in women before menstruation;
  • heartburn, heavy feeling in the liver.

To treat one disease without the other is impossible.


Tumors of the pancreas are of two types:

  • cancerous;
  • hormonally active. Depending on which part of the organ is affected, the disease may be accompanied by jaundice or diabetes. The main symptoms of the tumor:
  • metabolic disease;
  • severe pain;
  • loss of consciousness;
  • loss of appetite and weight.


This is a cavity filled with fluid. May be congenital or acquired. Symptoms of the disease occur only when the cyst reaches a large size:

  • pain in the upper abdomen;
  • differences in body temperature;
  • weight loss.


This disease is a deposition of calcium and phosphorus salts. Stones form for a long time, they may be the result of a pancreatic disease that has already been experienced and most often are located closer to the organ head.

At the initial stage, it is quite difficult to recognize stones. They may manifest themselves as attacks of pain in the upper abdomen, spreading to the back. Subsequently, constipation, loss of appetite, or diarrhea may occur.

Diagnosis and treatment

The first conclusions about the presence of pancreatic disease, the doctor makes after examination of the mucous

The doctor makes the first conclusions about the presence of pancreatic disease after examination of the mucous membrane, skin, and as a result of palpation. Then he may be interested in the level of digestive enzymes. To do this, the patient will have to pass tests:

  • urine;
  • blood;
  • kala;
  • PABK test;
  • a sample of Lund;
  • X-ray
  • Ultrasound.

Treatment is prescribed only by a doctor. It will be individualized for each patient and is based on the test results. Self-healing is life-threatening.

To relieve pain before the arrival of the doctor, you can follow these recommendations:

  • drink alkaline mineral water;
  • starve;
  • apply a cold to the area of ​​the pancreas (left above the navel);
  • in case of severe pains drink no-shpu.

Treatment of folk remedies

The first and most important treatment for the pancreas will be the right diet. It consists in the use of a specific set of products:

  1. white and black dried bread;
  2. milk products;
  3. vegetable dishes;
  4. lean meat and fish cooked;
  5. cereals;
  6. 1 egg per day.

All food should be steamed or boiled. It is recommended to eat foods warm. It is necessary to refuse fatty, salty and spicy foods, chocolate, alcohol, mushrooms, reduce the consumption of carbohydrates and increase the amount of proteins.

Medicinal plants and folk recipes will help to prevent the diseases of the pancreas:

  • Boiled buckwheat or buckwheat flour, filled with milk and eaten for breakfast.
  • Herbal teas from dandelion flowers, cowberry leaves, lemon balm, nettle, rose hips, chamomile, immortelle.
  • Apply at night a cloth dipped in clabber on the stomach.
  • Drink 100 ml of oatmeal per day (cook oats for an hour and then infuse for 20 minutes, strain).

Careful attention to the symptoms of diseases of the pancreas allows you to start timely treatment, as well as to carry out prophylaxis, to prevent acute, dangerous forms of ailments and to avoid surgery. Watch your diet and lifestyle, especially if the pancreas has ever declared its "discontent." Otherwise, the consequences may be irreversible for you.