Urinalysis is a standard procedure required to determine the general condition of the human body, including children. Sometimes in the results issued by the laboratory, you can find a mark that oxalate salts are found in urine. Parents of babies who notice deviations from the norm, as a rule, begin to panic even before the visit to the doctor. Is there a cause for concern? What to do if oxalates are found in the urine of a child?
What is this about?
Oxalates are salts of oxalic acid, which are excreted by the kidneys along with urine. In a healthy state in humans, they should not be present or appear once under the influence of temporary factors. The rate of oxalate in the urine of a child ranges from 20 to 40 mg / day. If all the other indicators are normal, then do not worry.
The reason that these compounds temporarily appear in the body may be the consumption of products in which oxalic acid is present in large quantities. It:
- cocoa and derivatives;
- greens with a sour taste, parsley;
- gooseberry berries;
- Vitamin C rich foods.
A stable excess of the norm of salts of oxalates in urine may indicate the development of diseases.
When do you need to sound the alarm?
To confirm the result of the analysis, it is best to pass urine for examination several times, at different times and in different laboratories. Then you can get the most accurate data. A condition in which calcium oxalate crystals in the urine of a child are present in excessive amounts is called oxaluria. Attentive parents may suspect it in a baby before analyzing the following symptoms:
- the volume of urine excreted by the body during the day is noticeably reduced, but the child goes to the toilet more often;
- urine becomes bright color, becomes more "thick";
- baby is disturbed by pain in the tummy;
- weakness, fatigue;
Calcium oxalates in the urine most often appear in children in the case of preschoolers and primary school children, as well as in adolescents during puberty. Moreover, in older age, the state of oxaluria is much more difficult. The causes of its development can be violations in the work of internal organs or the wrong diet:
- kidney disease;
- digestive tract infections;
- disruptions in metabolism;
- unbalanced diet.
If oxalate salts are detected in the urine of an infant, this means that his mother has an eating disorder. In any case, you should not try to eliminate the problem yourself. The treatment should be handled by a physician who will prescribe an appropriate diet.
If the analyzes showed the presence of oxalates in the urine of the baby, you can not let the problem take its course. Oksaluria in a state of neglect will lead to a serious metabolic disorder, gallbladder disease, kidney disease and vegetative-vascular dystonia.
Traditional therapy combines medication and diet. Among the most commonly prescribed drugs emit:
- cell membrane stabilizing preparations;
- drugs containing calcium and magnesium salts;
- tocopherol acetate.
Under no circumstances should these drugs be used independently so as not to harm the baby’s body even more. They should be prescribed only by a doctor.
In parallel with the medication, the patient must observe a strict diet. If disturbances in the body in infants are associated with an inappropriate diet in the mother, the nursing woman should also adhere to food restrictions.
A diet with oxalate in the urine of a child for himself or a nursing mother should include:
- vegetable oil and cream;
- whole wheat bread;
- dried fruits (prunes, dried apricots);
- sweet fruits (apricots, grapes, pears);
- meat, milk and derivative products (in the morning).
The daily intake of carbohydrates for a baby should not exceed 300 g. In a limited amount, consumption is allowed:
- chicken meat;
- offal, in particular, the liver;
- green varieties of apples;
Fully excluded products containing oxalic acid in large quantities (listed above). Salt and sugar are consumed in a small amount.
However, even strict compliance with the diet is not enough to completely remove oxalates from the body. This requires a large amount of fluid that can remove the salt. On average, a child needs to drink up to 2 liters of mineral water per day.
In order not to overload the kidneys, the liquid consumed during the day should be divided into separate portions: before and one hour after meals. Instead of water, fruit drinks and teas are prepared based on:
- flax seed;
- pear leaves.
You can also give children juices from permitted vegetables and fruits. However, they must be freshly prepared, and not purchased in the store.
Oxalate in the urine of a child is a serious indicator that parents can not ignore. The health of the baby must be carefully monitored. If you have no apparent reason to go to the clinic, take a urine test on your own and, if necessary, undergo treatment. This is the only way to avoid future health problems for children.