In osteochondrosis, intervertebral discs suffer the most. Their function for the spine is a shock absorber, softening the load. Therefore, with the development of the disease, the cervical spine becomes more vulnerable. Patients have discomfort, dizziness, pain, etc.
Spinal osteochondrosis, or cervical osteochondrosis is a fairly common disease in the modern world. Osteochondrosis is a process of dystrophic nature, occurring in the cartilaginous and bone tissues of the spine. The vertebrae of the cervical spine and the cartilage of the intervertebral discs with this disease thicken and lose their elasticity. Cartilage dehydrated, becoming more fragile.
What influences the development of the disease? These factors are:
- abnormal spinal cord development not related to hereditary factors
- prolonged unbalanced physical stress (overvoltage),
- hypodynamia (sedentary lifestyle),
- metabolic disease,
- exposure to strong vibrations (when traveling in trains, etc.)
Symptoms of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine
Depending on the degree of the disease, patients experience different symptoms.:
- Noise in ears.
- Dull pain in the neck. The pain is sometimes projected on the chin, shoulders, arms, and even the heart.
- Nausea and urge to vomit.
- Vertebral artery syndrome. This is a phenomenon in which the growth of bone tissue occurs between the cervical vertebrae, which entails the narrowing of the vertebral artery. This syndrome is accompanied by headaches, tinnitus, dizziness, and even loss of consciousness.
- Sharp pain in the neck before bedtime. A person cannot find a comfortable sleeping position for a long time. It is often uncomfortable and painful for him to sleep on a high pillow.
- Difficult head turns and light dizziness during turns.
- Crunch during head turns.
If several symptoms described above appear, the patient should consult a doctor. Based on his complaints, the doctor will make a diagnosis and confirm it through examinations. After clarifying the diagnosis, the doctor will prescribe the appropriate treatment.
Treatment of cervical osteochondrosis
Treatment of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine is aimed at relieving pain and other symptoms of the disease.
- First of all, buy a comfortable pillow for yourself. You can not sleep on a high pillow. There are recommendations for patients with osteochondrosis to sleep at all without a pillow. However, this is not entirely true. It is better to buy a special pillow in an orthopedic salon.
- Drug treatment is taking antispasmodics, analgesics and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Your doctor will also prescribe chondroprotectors and vitamins. Especially useful in cervical osteochondrosis of the B group vitamins.
- Normalize your food. Eat more vegetables, fruits, and other foods rich in B vitamins.
- Locally, in the event of severe pain, pinching of the vertebrae, special ointments or creams containing non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are used.
- There are unconventional methods of treatment of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine: manual therapy, hirudotherapy (leech therapy), reflexology. Read more in the article Acupuncture for osteochondrosis.
- It is useful to do therapeutic exercises. A special set of exercises has been developed, described in the article Therapeutic gymnastics for cervical osteochondrosis, aimed at removing the most unpleasant symptoms of this disease. You can enroll in the clinic for physical therapy. There you will be occupied not alone, but with people suffering from osteochondrosis as well as you. A competent specialist monitors the proper exercise of osteochondrosis.
- A good effect provides and competent massage. You can read about it in the article Neck massage for osteochondrosis.
Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine is better to prevent than to cure.Prevention consists in moderate physical activity, rejection of bad habits, proper nutrition.
However, if the disease began to develop, identify it as soon as possible and begin treatment to avoid undesirable consequences and deterioration of your health!