In training and at home, you can easily pull a muscle or ligament. Women who prefer to wear high heels in any weather are especially at risk. Such danger awaits not only adults, but also children who are actively moving around a lot. Therefore, we advise you to put an ointment for stretching the ligaments and muscles in your first-aid kit. Which one?
The human body is adapted to perform a wide variety of movements. For this is responsible ODA, which includes ligaments and muscles. But if they are subjected to excessive tension, the muscular-ligamentous apparatus does not withstand. The main sign of stretching is pain. A damaged joint may swell and turn blue. Such a nuisance can happen to anyone at any time, so you need to know how and how to help yourself or the victim.
For stretching ointment has long been successfully applied. They anesthetize, relieve irritation and inflammation, help reduce swelling and resorption of hematoma. The drugs improve blood flow and stimulate tissue repair. Ointment from sprains and muscles should be used after first aid. This will greatly facilitate the condition of the victim and speed up rehabilitation.
How strong can the stretch be?
There are three degrees of damage to the ligaments:
- easy The patient feels discomfort, pain appears only when moving. Externally, the damage is manifested by a slight swelling. The use of ointments gives a good effect;
- average. Stretching is accompanied by a partial tear of the ligaments. A well-marked edema develops. The patient is worried about the constant, rather severe pain that increases with movement. It happens that a hematoma occurs in the damaged area. The temperature may rise. Treatment in the form of ointments will help relieve pain, reduce swelling and restore range of motion. But it is still better to consult a doctor;
- heavy The symptoms, characteristic of the average degree, add a strong edema, extensive hematoma. Any attempt to move the damaged joint leads to increased pain. She is acute. With such a stretch, the use of ointments is ineffective. The help of the traumatologist and special treatment is required. In addition, this stretching is often adjacent to the dislocation.
Stretching? Rather, carry the ointment!
The greatest amount of stretching and tearing of the “binder” falls on the ankle because it is under a high load. Such injuries are common among athletes, but everyone else often receives them. Therefore, most often people are looking for an ointment for stretching the ligaments and muscles of the ankle. But all of the following tools can be used for stretching the knee, shoulder, elbow joints, and spinal ligaments.
But which ointment and when to use? Among all the drugs that are prescribed for such an injury, you can select:
To make it clear what kind of ointment to apply to the injured ligament, consider each group of such drugs separately.
Task number one is to numb!
The components of the anesthetic inhibit nerve conduction, so the painful impulse does not reach the target (brain), and the person stops being tormented by intolerable pain due to stretching. Ointment direct analgesic action contains novocaine or anesthesin. It can be used very first - to alleviate suffering. To get rid of the pain fit these drugs:
Painkillers are not rubbed into the affected area, but applied with gentle movements. Before applying the sore spot can be rubbed with alcohol.
The second action is to cool!
Cooling effect ointments are based on menthol, analgesics, anticoagulants and essential oils. They give a feeling of pleasant coolness and reduce the pain threshold. They are also used at an early stage of treatment. What can be used? The fastest and most reliable ointment:
- Deep Relief;
- Bom benge
Cooling ointment is not allowed to rub into the skin. They are applied with light movements and wait until they are absorbed.
In addition to these, you can also use aerosols with Chlorethyl.
The third step is the fight against inflammation.
The next stage is no less difficult task - to eliminate tissue swelling. To stop the inflammatory process, you should rub anti-inflammatory ointment into the affected area. The most common drugs of this spectrum:
- Diclofenac (Voltaren, Diklak);
- Fastum gel.
If bruising has appeared along with edema, then it is better to use such ointments: Dolobene, Indovazin, Troxerutin, Aescin.
Steroid hormones (with prednisone or hydrocortisone) can also be used at this stage.
Heparin ointment, which prevents thrombosis and relieves inflammation and swelling, has become widely known. But it can cause severe irritation.
Anti-inflammatory ointments use a limited period of up to 3-5 days.
The fourth stage is recovery. We use heat
2-3 days after injury, it's time to do the restoration. Helps in this warming ointment. Immediately after injury, it is strictly prohibited to apply them. Preparations with bee venom, essential vegetable oils, camphor, nicotinic acid, mustard, turpentine are very popular.
For the treatment of sprains can recommend such warming agents:
- combined hormonal drug - the most famous ointment from stretching the ligaments and muscles for athletes Ben-Gay;
Since the composition of these drugs are quite aggressive elements that can provoke an allergic reaction (including allergies), they are still better to use with the permission of the doctor.
How to apply ointment?
By and large, ointments do not have serious contraindications. In order to exclude individual sensitivity to the components, it is better to carry out an allergy test beforehand - cover healthy skin with a small amount of the product. Apply the medication should be smooth neat movements, so as not to harm the damaged joint. Ointments are prohibited if there is dermatitis or an open wound.
The general scheme of application - 2-4 p. per day. Ointment for sprains on the leg and elbow joint is applied with a strip of up to 5 cm, on the damaged muscle or large joint - up to 10 cm.
What else besides ointments?
To restore ligaments and muscles faster, except for ointments, use such means:
compresses of minced raw potatoes, aloe leaves or onions and 1 tbsp. l salts;
homemade ointment of grated household soap and egg yolk;
- pharmacy bodyaga It is soaked in water and rubbed into the affected joint;
- homeopathy - remedies with arnica, calendula, hypericum, syfitum, root and ankyote.
If you are unlucky, and you have stretched the joint or muscle, use an ambulance in the form of ointments. If you apply them correctly, very soon you will be able to step on your injured leg, bend over and live in a normal rhythm. Although they are not pills, they have a powerful effect, so it is better to exclude self-treatment and visit a traumatologist.