In the spring, nature comes to life, more sunny days. I want to throw off winter clothes and walk down the street. But the weather in early spring is deceptive, and for a weakened body in the winter, a walk in light clothing can end in a cold. And then a cold again: spring streams from the nose and absolutely nothing to breathe. First aid in this case will have a spray for the nose from the cold.
Types of sprays and drops for nose with a cold
Runny nose, sore throat and continuous sneezing. You probably have a cold ... or not? Indeed, the described symptoms can not only accompany colds, but also be signs of seasonal allergic rhinitis or hay fever. In fact, the nature of the common cold determines what kind of nasal sprays or drops, we will facilitate your breathing.
How to distinguish a cold from allergies? If it is a cold, the symptoms last from 3 to 14 days and may include muscle pain, as well as a slight fever. Nasal discharge may be yellow or green.
In case of allergies, the symptoms appear as follows:
- Lasting for several weeks or months, some allergy sufferers suffer throughout the year from slight nasal congestion, which tends to worsen in spring and autumn;
- symptoms do not include fever;
- no obvious nasal discharge.
Nasal sprays are widely used to treat the common cold of any nature. They differ in composition. Saline and decongestants, which are available without a prescription, can be used as the active substance in such preparations. But there are other drugs, such as antihistamines and nasal steroids, which require a prescription.
There are four main types of nasal preparations in the form of sprays and drops for local exposure:
- Nasal antihistamines. They have an anti-inflammatory effect, helping the immune system to eliminate foreign substances. These sprays have some side effects: dizziness, drowsiness and bitter taste in the mouth. You can buy them only by prescription.
- Nasal corticosteroids. It is considered the most effective in the treatment of nasal allergies and non-allergic rhinitis. The choice of drugs of this type is quite diverse, but they are all available only on prescription.
- Decongestant sprays are applied for stuffy nose without a cold. Such funds should be used no more than three days, because their excessive use can lead to the emergence of even greater edema. In the pharmacy network, they are implemented freely.
- Decongestant Oxymetazoline Hydrochloride Sprays, which are available without a prescription. They have a rapid narrowing effect on the blood vessels in the nasal mucosa and effectively resume nasal breathing. However, prolonged use of such sprays can damage the sensitive mucous membranes in the nose. This leads to an increase in inflammation: this phenomenon is known as the rebound effect.
Nasal sprays also vary by package type:-
- in a pressurized sealed container;
- in bottles with nozzles for spraying drugs.
What means more effective? Drug review
Which is better to choose a spray from a cold, will depend on the individual characteristics of the organism, the severity of the pathology and age. Consider the most effective drugs for children and adults.
Nasal sprays for rhinitis in children:
- "Vibrocil" - nasal spray. It has a decongestant and mild antihistamine effect. Quickly and permanently relieves nasal congestion and eliminates mucous discharge. It is used for colds, acute or chronic rhinitis, allergies, as well as in the case of inflammation of the sinuses.
- Otriduo nasal spray. Effectively facilitates nasal breathing with colds, inflammation of the mucous membrane and sinuses, allergies. It is also used as an aid in acute otitis media and in post-operative care. Does not irritate the mucous membrane.
- Triofan - a local drug for colds, which affects the nasal mucosa, dilutes stagnant mucus and helps to eliminate it, freeing the upper respiratory tract. It can also be used on the advice of a doctor or pharmacist in case of rhinitis or sinusitis.
- "Otrivin" is used for various colds in nature. It has a vasoconstrictor effect, freeing the mucous membranes of the nose and throat, allowing the patient to breathe freely. It starts to act within 5-7 minutes after application. Contains additives that prevent drying of the nasal mucosa. For children under 6 years of age, only the solution of nasal drops or metered-dose inhalers of 0.05% is used.
Drugs for adults
One of the most popular nasal nasal sprays is Rinostop. It is used against various colds in nature. The spray is intended for use in the nostrils, where it exhibits a vasoconstrictor and decongestant effect on the nasal and throat mucosa. This effect allows the patient to breathe more easily through the nose. The action takes place within a few minutes and can last up to 10 hours. The effectiveness is comparable to a solution of a double concentration of the active agent without hyaluronic acid.
Azelastine (Allergodil) nasal spray is an antihistamine that is effective in treating allergic and non-allergic rhinitis. The drug removes all nasal symptoms, but to get the results of treatment, it must be used regularly. It is available only by prescription and has gained popularity among those who suffer from allergic rhinitis. Side effects are usually mild and include irritation of the nasal mucosa. It has a slight hypnotic effect.
Thus, sprays from the common cold have different uses. They are intended for the treatment of allergies, sinusitis, catarrhal cold and dryness of the nasal mucosa. The advantage of a nasal spray over drops is that it directs the drug directly to the source of the problem and does not carry systemic side effects.