Diseases associated with the peripheral nervous system are the most complex in neurology. Quite often, patients experience neuritis of the trigeminal nerve. Symptoms and treatment of this inflammation require special attention, since the problem can cause motor dysfunction of the facial muscles.
The trigeminal nerve is an element of the 5th pair of cranial nerves, which is responsible for the sensitivity of the oral cavity and face, the motor activity of the chewing and temporal muscles. That is, almost all facial movements are the work of the trigeminal nerve. It has 3 branches:
The trigeminal nerve is the largest cranial nerve extending to the jaw.
What is the trigeminal neuritis?
Neuritis is inflammation of the nerve of the peripheral structure, which is manifested by neuralgia - pain. However, it is non-permanent. Pain can alternate with periods of subsiding - in this case, it is called characteristic. If pain is accompanied by inflammation constantly, then it is an uncharacteristic pain, which is more difficult to treat.
The trigeminal nerve can inflame at the site of one of its processes. In case of neuritis of the eye branch, the pain (neuralgia) is manifested in the eyebrow, the temporal region and the frontal part. If the upper process is affected - maxillary, then neuralgia is manifested in the upper jaw, and if the lower or mandibular - in the lower jaw. Symptoms and treatment of trigeminal neuralgia are associated with the cause of the inflammation. Separately, neuritis is not treated.
Causes of disease
Among the most common causes of trigeminal neuritis are:
- inflammation of the gums, teeth;
- nasopharyngeal problems;
- severe hypothermia;
- head injuries;
- infections (tuberculosis, syphilis, some strains of influenza);
- complications after dental surgery;
- maxillary fractures;
- the consequences of illiterate anesthesia;
- severe stress;
- depressive states.
Inflammation of the trigeminal nerve: symptoms and treatment
Neuritis of the trigeminal nerve is manifested by extensive symptoms. The main sign of inflammation is a violation of the motor activity of the facial muscles. However, besides this are observed:
- acute shooting pain attacks (especially during periods of changing weather);
- tearing (especially in bright light);
- rhinitis (persistent discharge);
- involuntary twitching of the muscles of the face;
- increased salivation;
- violation of tactile sensations in places of inflammation;
- atypical sweating;
- swelling of the face;
- visual impairment;
- hair loss.
The goal of therapy for neuritis is to eliminate the causes of these symptoms. That is to be:
- remove swelling and inflammation;
- prevent further inflammation;
- strengthen the immune system;
- to restore the permeability of impulses of nerve cells, that is, to eliminate the violation of motor function
Diagnosis of neuritis
To determine the strategy, solving the issue of how to treat the trigeminal nerve, it is necessary to carry out a number of diagnostic procedures. These include:
- examination (neurological);
- MRI of nasopharynx;
- head tomography;
- blood test for the presence of viral neuritis;
- a snapshot of the upper and lower jaws of the panoramic view;
- x-ray of some teeth;
- determining the speed of passage of the pulse through the nerves using electroneurography.
As a rule, the treatment of neuritis is based on the choice of means that not only eliminate the cause of the disease, but are also prophylactic drugs. These are Dibazol, Galantamine, Urotropin, etc. It is obligatory to prescribe B vitamins, which have a beneficial effect on the human nervous system. In the treatment of inflammation of the trigeminal nerve patients are also prescribed physiotherapy:
- impulse currents;
- ultraviolet irradiation;
- mud and paraffin baths.
If a patient has confirmed symptoms of trigeminal neuralgia, and home treatment is quite possible, then you need to choose the right means for this. The most popular folk remedy for edema is fir oil. It should be applied to the affected area for 3 days 5-6 times.
To relieve pain apply a decoction of wormwood: 2 tbsp. l herbs are poured 2 tbsp. boiling water and infused for 2 hours in a thermos. A proven way to "pull out" inflammation is salt, heated in a pan. And if the chewing muscle is clamped, then massage is indispensable. Just pay attention to the qualification of the masseur: he needs to know exactly how to relax the affected muscles.
Neuritis of the trigeminal nerve, the symptoms and treatment of which is determined correctly is very important, it is quite possible to defeat relatively easily and quickly. You only need to consult with a specialist and choose the right course of treatment, not forgetting the general strengthening of the body. Strong immunity will reduce to no chance of getting sick again.