Undoubtedly, almost every person experienced discomfort from having ulcers in the mouth. These are rather unpleasant and painful feelings, sometimes even making problematic food intake. When do mouth ulcers appear? The causes and treatment of this condition we consider today.
Mouth ulcers: why did they appear and how to be?
Sores in the mouth appear for various reasons and treatment is required only after their establishment. By themselves, ulcers are damages or erosion of areas of tender tissue lining the oral cavity. Some of the reasons for their occurrence include certain medications, chemicals and infectious diseases, such as herpes or thrush.
The most common causes of the formation of ulcers include mechanical injury, for example, accidental cheek bite, damage to the mucous membrane during hygienic cleaning of teeth, tongue. In most cases, mouth ulcers are harmless and can pass on their own within a few days without the need for medical treatment.
Aphthae - recurring ulcers that appear for unknown reasons, cover about 20 percent of the population. Seeking medical help is necessary if the mouth ulcers do not disappear within a few days or in case of concern because of their frequent appearance.
Symptoms of pathology
The symptomatic manifestations of oral ulcers and on the tongue include:
- pain in the mouth;
- swelling of the mucous around the wound;
- problems associated with chewing or oral hygiene;
- irritation of salty, spicy or acidic foods;
- loss of appetite.
Factors that cause ulcers
The appearance of mouth ulcers can be caused by many factors, such as:
- accidental damage to the cheek or tongue;
- trauma caused by a toothbrush;
- the result of friction about irregularities or sharp chipped teeth or tartar;
- poor oral hygiene;
- burns from eating hot foods;
- irritation from strong antiseptics such as mouthwashes;
- oral thrush infection;
- herpes virus;
- reaction to certain drugs, such as chemotherapeutic agents;
- autoimmune diseases, such as lichen planus;
- a number of other infections, including the Coxsackie virus;
- certain diseases, including tuberculosis, AIDS, diabetes mellitus and intestinal inflammation;
- lip cancer
About one in five adults is subject to recurring aphthous ulcers, which are formed in the mouth for an unknown reason. Tongue, gums or other mucous membranes in the mouth may be affected. Crops of these tiny white ulcers are usually spread during emotional stress or menstrual period. This suggests that aphthas may be caused by the immune system's response, as it is dependent on stress and hormone levels. The underlying cause may be a virus or an allergic reaction.
A raw mouth ulcer can sometimes lead to complications, such as:
- bacterial infection;
- inflammatory processes of the mucous membrane in the oral cavity;
- abscesses, suppurations.
Before you begin treatment, it is important to establish the cause of ulceration in the mouth. The following methods are used for this:
- Blood tests - check for signs of infection.
- Skin biopsy - a small piece of tissue from an ulcer is taken and tested in a laboratory.
- Physical examination - oral ulcers look different depending on the root cause.
If the ulcer is large and yellow, then most likely it is caused by trauma. Herpes in the mouth, as a rule, is manifested by numerous and common sores around the gums, tongue, throat and inner surface of the cheeks. Fever also suggests that ulcers can be caused by herpes simplex infection.
Some types of mouth ulcers are harmless and pass without therapy on their own within a few days. Others, such as aphthous or caused by a viral infection, need medical attention to prevent complications. How to treat mouth sores? Here are some recommendations:
- Avoid spicy and acidic foods until the ulcers heal;
- drink plenty of fluids;
- rinse your mouth regularly with lightly salted, warm water;
- follow oral hygiene;
- use painkillers;
- use antiseptic sprays;
- use steroid gels or tablets;
- treat aphthous ulcers with anti-inflammatory drugs;
- carry out the treatment of ulcers caused by herpes, antiviral drugs;
- use antifungal agents to fight stomatitis;
- possible use of immunosuppressants.
Necessary preventive actions:
- regular and high-quality sanitation of the oral cavity;
- caution during brushing;
- regular visits to the dental office;
- balanced and nutritious diet.
In conclusion, it should be noted that if the ulcers in the mouth do not pass on their own within a few days, a mandatory consultation with the doctor is necessary. Only by identifying the cause of ulcers in the tongue and mouth, can we talk about the correct treatment.