As such, a microstroke is considered a condition that signals the disruption of the functioning of cerebral vessels. Everyone without exception is affected by this disease, but the symptoms are somewhat different in men and women. How to recognize a microstroke? Symptoms and the first signs in men of this pathology we will consider today.
Microstroke: symptoms, first signs in men, consequences
The term "microstroke" we use exclusively in the philistine conversations. In fact, medicine is not aware of such a concept. When cerebral circulation is disturbed, which causes the rupture of individual small vessels, doctors diagnose a transient ischemic attack. It is this pathology in the people called microstroke.
In the case of cerebral circulation violation, only small blood vessels are insignificantly affected, therefore the full-fledged work of the brain is practically unaffected. However, if you have already had a micro-stroke in your life, then you should see your doctor and undergo a full-scale examination. In some cases, microstroke becomes a precursor of the development of coronary heart disease.
The male half of humanity must clearly know the primary signs and symptoms of microstroke in order to take timely measures to improve their health. The signs of a micro-stroke in men are the following:
- headache of varying intensity;
- high blood pressure;
- fainting, of short duration;
- excessive fatigue and weakness;
- feeling of constant sleepiness.
Each of the signs may indicate that the work of small and large blood vessels failed. Not only men of middle and mature age are susceptible to the appearance of a microstroke, but often this pathology is also diagnosed in young men. This is due to the fact that some members of the male population are at risk. What factors influence the development of microstroke in men? We list them:
- diabetes or hypertension;
- development of malignant neoplasms;
- the course of inflammatory processes in the vessels;
- blood disorders;
- renal dysfunction, in particular, failure;
- the development of infectious diseases;
- infringement of nerve endings and arterial vessels between the vertebrae of the cervical region.
It is in men with the development of microstroke that specific symptoms appear, which women do not have. These features include:
- sharp loss or incoherence of speech;
- violation of a sense of spatial orientation;
- facial asymmetry.
Also, the ischemic attack is characterized by the following symptoms:
- bouts of nausea;
- sudden dizziness or pain;
- appearance of goose bumps on the skin;
- split objects in the eyes;
- impaired speech apparatus and visual function;
- sensation of the presence of a foreign body in the throat;
- excessive fatigue;
- loss of consciousness for a short time;
- a sharp increase in pressure.
How to give first aid?
Every adult should know the main aspects of first aid after the appearance of signs of microstroke in men and women. The actions performed in assisting during the onset of stroke and seizure are almost identical. So, upon the occurrence of a microstroke, you need to adhere to this algorithm of actions:
- promptly call an ambulance;
- place the man on a horizontal solid surface, while the head must lie on the dais to avoid the formation of puffiness of the meninges;
- when gag reflexes appear, the man's head should be tilted to the side to prevent asphyxiation;
- a man needs to unbutton his shirt and belt so that he can breathe freely and calmly;
- pressure should be measured, and with its sharp increase can be given a pharmacological drug that has a hypotensive effect;
- if the main signs of clinical death occur, artificial respiration and an indirect massage of the heart muscle should be performed.
I would like to draw attention to the fact that the intake of drugs that reduce the pressure should be single and always dosed. Otherwise, the patient can only be harmed, which is fraught with the development of complicated consequences. If an ischemic attack dramatically spills over into a state of clinical death, emergency resuscitative actions are performed until a team of specialized emergency doctors arrives.
Microstroke: treatment and recovery
The treatment of such a disease as a microstroke is always carried out comprehensively and under the supervision of the attending specialist. In most cases, the patient is hospitalized in a hospital. Treatment of microstroke includes a number of aspects:
- To reduce the pressure to the normal mark, hypotensive pharmacological agents are used. They can be administered either intramuscularly, for example, Dibazol and Papaverine, or intravenously, in particular, furosemide, magnesia and saline.
- If there are concomitant symptoms, the attending specialist may prescribe additional medication, such as Anaprilin, Aminazine, Sodium Nitroprusside, Ozidan, etc.
- Also during the treatment of ischemic attacks, the patient is prescribed medications that normalize the functioning of the heart muscle - Digoxin or Korglikon.
- It is imperative that the patient is given pharmacological agents that improve the blood supply and blood circulation of the brain.
- The treatment course involves taking pharmaceuticals that normalize blood rheology, as well as its circulation through the vessels.
- When detecting puffiness of the meninges, pharmaceutical agents of various groups, in particular, antihistamines and hormonal drugs, are necessarily prescribed.
The treatment course is prescribed purely individually, depending on the cause and form of the development of a microstroke. If the attacks are systematic in nature and are associated with the disruption of the functioning of the vessels, then surgical intervention can be performed.
The duration of the rehabilitation period after the transfer of a microstroke is determined individually depending on the consequences and severity of the pathology. Regardless, during the recovery period, the patient must perform a number of measures:
- attend physiotherapeutic procedures;
- comply with the diet;
- study with a speech therapist;
- perform breathing exercises;
- attend psychological trainings and individual lessons.
Recently, microstroke is much more common among representatives of a strong half of humanity aged 30 to 35 years. This is associated with experiencing stressful situations and lifestyle. In the first three days after an ischemic attack, a full stroke can develop, leading to necrosis of the brain areas. To prevent this from happening, you need to take care of your health and comply with all the prescriptions of the attending specialist, and when the slightest symptoms appear, undergo a full-scale examination. Be healthy!