Today, the pharmacology market offers a variety of drugs, which even professionals cannot always find their way around. Of course, the ability to understand the "medicinal jungle" will need, first of all, a doctor. But the patient must also have a general idea of the medicines assigned to him. After all, it is about his health. And today we will talk about a fairly common drug, belonging to the group of antiprotozoal and antimicrobial, which is used to treat infections. It will be about Metronidazole.
What is metronidazole?
From the characteristics of the drug ordinary citizen is difficult to understand whether Metronidazole is an antibiotic or not. Metronidazole is a drug with a variety of pharmacological effects, which is obtained by artificial means.
He, like antibiotics, has an antimicrobial effect, but antibiotics are substances of either a biological or semi-synthetic nature. This, in fact, is the difference. Separately, I would like to note that the WHO has included Metronidazole in the list of drugs recognized as vital.
Metronidazole: pharmacological action of the drug
What is Metronidazole prescribed for? It has already been mentioned above that it is a drug with antimicrobial and antiprotozoal effects, in other words, Metronidazole is able to affect the simplest organisms: Giardia, Trichomonas, Amoeba, etc. and etc.
Indications for appointment:
- infectious diseases of bones and joints;
- infections of the central nervous system, including meningitis, accumulation of pus in the substance of the brain;
- inflammation and abscess of the lungs;
- preventive measures after surgery;
- irradiation of cancer: increases the sensitivity of cancer cells to radiation.
Contraindications and side effects
So, if you have been prescribed this drug, then the doctor should be told that you have the following pathological conditions:
- diseases of the gastrointestinal tract;
- pronounced hepatic or renal failure;
- nervous system disorders;
- leukemia, anemia and other diseases of the hematopoietic system.
Metronidazole during pregnancy and lactation
Separately, I would like to say about the appointment of Metronidazole in the period of childbearing and breastfeeding. In the 1st trimester of pregnancy, this drug can not be prescribed. And in the 2nd and 3rd trimesters prescribed with great care, and only in cases where the threat to the life of a woman exceeds the perceived risk to the unborn child.
Breastfeeding at the time of taking the drug is also recommended to stop, as Metronidazole penetrates well into breast milk, which is unsafe for the health of the baby. In addition, it makes the taste of milk bitter, and the child himself can refuse the breast.
- nausea and diarrhea;
- intestinal colic;
- decreased appetite;
- dry mouth;
- unpleasant metallic taste in the mouth;
- headache and dizziness;
- depression, which may be accompanied by insomnia;
- irritability and mild irritability;
What else you need to know about Metronidazole?
This drug is dispensed at a pharmacy by prescription only. It should be taken within the recommended period and not stop taking at the first sign of improvement in the clinical picture or the disappearance of symptoms. Firstly, it does not mean that you are cured of the infection. And secondly, an irregular intake of the drug can form resistance to bacteria in bacteria. In this case, getting rid of the disease will be much more difficult.
It is important to know that Metronidazole will not help with influenza, acute respiratory viral infections, colds, and vaginal fungal infections.
Metronidazole and alcohol
Alcohol consumption along with Metronidazole is prohibited. Alcohol accelerates the absorption of drugs from the digestive tract, which leads to an overdose and the development of such reactions as:
- nausea and vomiting;
- intense headache;
- sharp abdominal pain;
- allergic reactions on the skin;
- difficulty breathing;
- lowering pressure and heart palpitations;
- feeling of fear.
There are cases when the simultaneous intake of alcohol and Metronidazole resulted in a complete cessation of breathing and death. Alcohol can be consumed no earlier than 48 hours after the last dose of the drug.
Metronidazole and treatment of alcoholism
It is on the side effects of co-administration of metronidazole and alcohol that the treatment of alcoholism with this drug is built. A patient with chronic alcoholism produces a persistent aversion to alcoholic beverages after suffering such reactions of the body.
But doctors do not recommend such treatment at home, because the symptoms can be so severe that the patient will need urgent medical assistance.
The dosage and dosage regimen can be prescribed only by a doctor, after conducting a preliminary examination of the body and examining the clinical picture of the disease. Take the medicine in strict accordance with the recommendation of the doctor and try not to miss the time of admission. If you still missed the medication, you do not need to take a double dose of the drug, as this will have serious side effects.
Analogs of Metronidazole
Today, the pharmacy can offer you many analogues of this drug, for example:
- Trichopol et al.
Which of these analogues is best suited for treatment for you, can only say the attending physician familiar with the history of the disease. Therefore, it is not necessary to engage in self-treatment and prescribe such serious drugs for yourself - this is fraught with disastrous consequences for the body.