Most often, children of preschool and early school age are affected by the development of various forms of helminthic invasions. This is not surprising, because young children are constantly pulling toys into their mouths, they are in contact with unfamiliar and not quite sterile objects, they eat unwashed fruits and vegetables. Many mothers try to cure their child of this disease on their own, but they cannot find the right medicine for children against worms.
Let's talk on this topic.
When is it necessary to give children a cure for worms?
As you know, most often the children's body is affected by pinworms and ascaris. Before giving a child antihelminthic drugs to any age group, you need to make sure that such a disease is present. Take any measures to treatment should be only with the manifestation of certain symptoms. On the development in the child's body of worm infestations will tell these signs:
- sudden onset of pain in the abdomen;
- violation of the chair;
- decrease or increase in appetite;
- weight loss;
- bitter taste in the mouth;
- increase in temperature threshold;
- asymptomatic cough;
- uncharacterous gnashing of teeth, especially during sleep;
- restless sleep;
- pain in the muscle tissue;
- excessive tiredness;
- itching in the anal area;
- an increase in the size of the lymph nodes.
Parents should know that only the attending specialist can establish an accurate diagnosis. Independently determine the presence of worms in the body can be when the child manifests 5-6 of these symptoms. The manifestation of any one symptom is not a reason for taking antihelmintic drugs.
The best antihelminthic drugs for children
When choosing antihelminthic pharmacological drugs, it should be remembered that for each age category there are separate medications and an individual dosage. So that you are aware of this issue, let's take a closer look at the list of medicines for children of different ages.
For children up to a year
Oddly enough, but children under the age of one year are not immune from the ingress of worms in the body. Do not take treatment measures on your own, better consult a doctor. He will take for analysis comparative samples of feces, triple scrapings from the anus, as well as blood. After establishing the form of worm infestation and the degree of its development, the infectious disease physician will be able to prescribe a complete treatment. Taking such drugs is allowed for children from 6 months.
The safest and most effective among them are:
Often, infectious disease doctors prescribe Pirantel to children under the age of 1 year. With damage to the body with pinworms or ascaris, a single dose of this drug will suffice. As a rule, taking the suspension should be repeated after about 2-3 weeks.
The remaining pharmacological agents are prescribed for children older than 3 years. Parents should also change the child’s underwear twice a day, wash and iron it properly.
A child aged 1 to 2 years
If at this age the child has worms, then you should not choose medicines yourself. Contact your health care professional. He must examine the child and take the necessary tests. Only after this, the infectious disease doctor will be able to prescribe the correct, effective and safe treatment. Many doctors are of the opinion that Pirantel is the safest pharmacological drug for combating helminthic invasions in children aged 1 to 2 years.
For the smallest Pirantel is available in the form of a suspension. Take the drug should be once, and then repeat reception after 21 days. In addition, it is very important to maintain personal hygiene: all products that a child eats should be thoroughly processed, the baby should be washed several times a day, wear only clean and well-ironed clothes.
Children 6 years
Twice a year, children of this age should take antihelmintic drugs as a preventive measure. If, nevertheless, your child has been diagnosed with the development of helminthic invasions in the body, then treatment should be comprehensive. As a rule, treating specialists prescribe the reception of 2-3 pharmaceuticals over a certain time period.
Depending on the form of worms, various treatment regimens can be prescribed. Most often, infectious disease doctors advise taking such pharmacological drugs:
The first drug should be taken at the rate of 2.5 mg per kilogram of child's weight. After a three-day break, you need to take Vermox. Such tablets are taken twice a day at a dosage of 50-100 mg. The treatment course lasts three days.
Children 7 years
Children of this age are most susceptible to ingestion of helminthic invasions, since it is during this period that they begin to go to school. Unfortunately, during their stay in school, parents cannot protect their child from contact with contaminated objects.
As practice shows, doctors prescribe several drugs that are taken according to a specific scheme. The most commonly prescribed Vermoxes and Dekaris. During the beginning of the active action of the drug in a child, side symptoms may occur. To save the baby from unpleasant sensations, he can be given absorbents, for example, activated charcoal.
Many doctors also recommend taking antihistamines. These include:
Most antihistamines can be taken by children over 2 years old. Such pharmaceutical preparations are available in the form of drops and suspensions.
"Pirantel": instructions for use
As already mentioned, Pirantel is not only effective, but also safe pharmacological substance. It can be given to children from 6 months for the treatment of helminthic invasions. Pyrantel perfectly fights with various forms of worms.
Such preparation is produced in the form of tablets and suspensions for the smallest. It can only be prescribed by the attending specialist, since it is available on prescription. Take the drug should be at the rate of 10 mg per 1 kg of body weight. According to the instructions, the treatment course lasts 3 days. In some cases, it can be repeated.
Tablets should be thoroughly chewed, but in this form the drug should be given to children over 3 years old. At the age of 3 to 6 years, children take 1 tablet. In age from 6 to 12 years old - 2 tablets. In severe forms of destruction by helminthic invasions, the treating specialist increases the dosage.
Incorrect dosage or long-term use of Pirantel may cause side effects:
- increase the temperature threshold;
- allergic reactions;
- stool disorders;
- pain in the abdomen;
- loss of appetite.
Medicine for the prevention of worms in children
As already mentioned, children need to take antihelmintic drugs in the fall and spring to prevent the appearance of worms. These pharmacological agents include:
On the forums you can find a variety of reviews of drugs for worms. But almost all parents believe that the most effective and safe drug for the treatment of helminthic invasions is Pirantel. Young children are better off giving suspensions, but older children are recommended to take pills.
Many parents leave feedback that taking medication has provoked the appearance of side effects. To prevent this from happening, only the doctor should plan the treatment in a separate scheme.
Worms are parasites that can enter our body at any age. Most often, worms affect the children's body. That is why parents should carry out the necessary preventive measures. If the diagnosis is confirmed, carry out the treatment only under the supervision of a physician.