We all have heard about the healing properties of this plant. And it does not matter under what name it is familiar to us - pharmacy nails or calendula - surely each of us found the dried flowers of this plant in jars at the grandmother in the village or at the parents' house. The healing properties of calendula were known in ancient Greece. From the most ancient writings that have come down to our times, we can learn that calendula was used in the treatment of purulent wounds back in the 12th century, and in the 17th century it treated ulcers, scrofula, furunculosis. Calendula is also widely used today.
Calendula officinalis - herbaceous annual plant from the Compositae family, reaches a height of 70-80 cm, exudes a strong specific odor. Root branching, tap. The stem is straight, simple or slightly branched, densely covered with leaves. Leaves grow alternately, covered with hairs. The lower leaves have a spatulate shape, the upper leaves are oblong. Orange or yellow flowers form inflorescences. The fruit is a bent achene, the outer surface is lumpy, dotted with sharp thorns. Flowering time: the beginning of June - the end of October, the time of fruit ripening: July-September.
Where to look for calendula?
Calendula is distributed mainly in the European part of Russia, as well as in the North Caucasus, in Belarus and Ukraine.
Features of collecting marigold
As the medicinal raw materials of calendula are the inflorescences of the plant, they need to be harvested during the opening period in them more than half of the flowers. In one summer, you can make 10-20 Calendula fees, as with regular gathering of inflorescences, new ones are formed all the time, and thus the flowering lasts until the first frost. During the flowering of calendula medicinal her inflorescences are revealed first with an interval of 3 days, later they are revealed every 4-5 days, and then - less and less.
Baskets must be cut off at the very base of the peduncle. To dry the raw materials of calendula medicinal should be 3-4 hours in the oven at a temperature of 40-45 degrees, after spreading it in a thin layer. Properly dried inflorescences disintegrate when pressed. The smell of such raw materials should be delicate, fragrant, the taste is somewhat bitter, rich, astringent. Shelf life - 2 years.
In rare cases, calendula medications cause allergies.
2 tablespoons of calendula raw materials, pour 1 glass of boiling water, cover and heat in a water bath, stirring constantly for 15 minutes, then cool for 45 minutes at room temperature, then strain and squeeze the raw material. Fill the infusion with so much cooled boiled water so that the volume is 200 ml. Cooked infusion store in the refrigerator. The shelf life of this infusion is 2 days.
Take 1-2 tablespoons preheated before each meal for the treatment of gastritis, ulcers, colitis, enterocolitis, liver diseases, diseases of the spleen; The infusion can also be used as a rinse with angina, inflammation of the upper respiratory tract. In the form of an enema, calendula infusion can be used to treat proctitis and paraproctitis, for cervical erosion, trichomonas colpitis and other diseases of the female genitalia, use infusion in the form of douches. Infusion of calendula in a mixture with an equal volume of a 3% solution of boric acid can be injected into the fistula channel, as this contributes to its resorption.
One more infusion of calendula Prepare like this. 1 tablespoon of raw calendula, cover with 1 cup of boiling water, then wrap thoroughly with a towel or bedspread and leave for 40 minutes. After strain. Drink this infusion of 1 tablespoon before each meal for 30 minutes with vitamin C deficiency. As a sedative, this tincture will act if you take it 5 g per 100 ml of water 3 times a day.
Calendula tincture alcohol
1 tablespoon of crushed calendula raw materials, pour 200 ml of 70% alcohol, leave for 14 days, then strain. Use 1 teaspoon, diluted in a glass of water, 2 times a day before meals to treat cervical erosion and colpitis.
Squeeze the juice follows from flower baskets and reed flowers of the plant. Take it 20-40 drops with 1 tablespoon of honey per glass of milk before each meal for the treatment of angina, hypertension, atherosclerosis, neurosis and menopause. This infusion is also indicated for gastritis, peptic ulcers, colitis, enterocolitis. For external use, you must dilute the juice of calendula with water in a ratio of 1: 2 or 1: 3. Use such a solution for rinsing with a cold, as well as in the form of enemas for proctitis, anal fissures, inflammation of the rectum. Such a solution is also suitable for syringing in the treatment of cervical erosion, whiter, trichomonas colpitis.
Combine 10 fragments of powdered flowers with 50 g of petroleum jelly, mix thoroughly, let stand for several hours. Use for bruises, cuts, lip cracks, eczema.
1-2 teaspoons of chopped raw calendula medicinal powder pour 250 ml of boiling water, leave for 10 minutes, then strain. Drink this tea for diseases of the gallbladder, it must be very warm. Dosage: 1 cup after each meal. This tea is also suitable for compresses or dressings.
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