Tuberculosis is a serious infectious disease affecting the respiratory system. Mantoux vaccination is the primary method of detecting tubercle bacillus in the body. The procedure consists in the introduction of a special preparation, tuberculin, under the skin and monitoring the body's response to it.
Mantoux vaccination: until what age is done?
The manta reaction is done every year, starting at the age of one (if there is a BCG vaccination). If there is no BCG vaccination, the procedure is performed from 6 months of age twice a year before vaccination. After 2 years, manta is recommended to do every year, regardless of previous results to 17 years. After 17 years, this reaction is no longer carried out.
Many parents are wondering - is it worth it to make your child manti? Pediatricians and the Ministry of Health still advised to vaccinate every baby. This will help to identify the tubercle bacillus in the body in advance. If you still refuse manta, you need to be aware of the consequences and health problems a child may have. Vaccination, of course, will not save from tuberculosis, but prevents the development of severe forms of the disease.
Mantoux reaction: contraindications
- Like any vaccine, manta has its contraindications that can not be ignored, otherwise complications may arise. Thus, the procedure is contraindicated for a sick child, if 3 weeks have not passed since his recovery or there is a high fever.
- It is also not recommended to inoculate children with allergic or serious skin diseases. In this case, it is better to consult a phthisiologist.
- You can not do manta for babies with epilepsy. In this case, permission must be taken from a neurologist after the necessary tests have been performed.
- If a child was given any vaccination, the reaction to manta can be done no earlier than in a month.
- The main contraindications still distinguish bronchial asthma, subacute and acute rheumatism.
Why do Mantou test?
The bacterium tuberculosis was discovered by the German biologist Robert Koch in 1882; therefore, many people call it the “Koch stick”. The scientist not only found the pathogen, but also developed tuberculin, which was used to diagnose tuberculosis.
Immunologists say that manta is not a vaccine, it is an intracutaneous test and a local reaction of the body to the introduction of tuberculin. Many parents fear that after vaccination, the child may become infected with tuberculosis, but this is not the case. If there is a pronounced immune response at the vaccination site, the patient should be examined to exclude tuberculosis. To do this, fluorography.
In addition to the Mantoux test, there are other methods for diagnosing tuberculosis. For example, in laboratories, it is possible to perform a total determination of antibodies of the classes IgA, IgM and IgG to the causative agent of the disease. True, such actions will not replace manta, but only help in difficult cases.
If the body has already met with a live pathogen of tuberculosis, it reacts to it with a strong reddening and compaction at the site of vaccination. If not, there will be no reaction to the injection.
There are not many complications after the manta reaction, but they still exist. For example, after vaccination, lymph nodes or ducts can become inflamed. In addition, a child may experience migraine attacks, fever and general weakness. Complications depend on the individual characteristics of the organism.
What do parents need to know?
How to care for manta vaccination? Every parent knows that the manta should never be soaked for 48 hours. If the child does wet the "button", you do not need to give him anti-allergic drugs, simply dry the towel and tell the doctor about it.
The vaccination site cannot be treated with iodine, peroxide or brilliant green. Make sure that the child does not scratch the wound, otherwise it may become much more. Many parents, so that their child does not touch the mantle, stick it with a plaster, but this, too, can not be done.
By the way, it is necessary to control the diet of the child. For example, after vaccination, it is not allowed to eat allergenic foods (citrus fruits, red fruits, nuts, sweets, etc.) for 2 days. Failure to comply with the rules may provide the doctor with false information.
For many centuries the tubercle bacillus has ruined millions of lives. In the modern world for the timely detection of the disease there is a vaccine mantoux. It is not worth refusing from it, as it is the most accurate indicator of the presence of “Koch sticks” in the body. But remember that before consenting to manta, the child is recommended to be examined by doctors in order to identify possible contraindications.