In the people, the dimes are also called dime Georgian, shabby, crappy, marzana, marina. Preparations from madder dyeing are famous, first of all, for their diuretic action, they also contribute to loosening and discharge of stones from the kidneys and bladder.
Madder dyeing: use and contraindications
Madder dyeing - herbaceous perennial plant of the marenov family, grows up to 2 m in height. The main root is thick, durable; roots grow from it in different directions with thinner "creeping" rhizomes. The entire root system of the madder dye envelops the exfoliating bark of a reddish-brown color. The stalk of the madder is thin, "climbing", strongly branching, tetrahedral, with a barbed, rough surface. The leaves of the plant have a light green shade, dense to the touch, woolly-prickly from the bottom, grow 4-6 pieces side by side. Madder blooms in June - August, small, yellowish-green flowers. Large juicy black fruit with a bone ripens in September.
Where to look for madder?
In the wild, the dimes can be easily found in almost all regions of the Caucasus; this plant is especially widespread in Dagestan and Azerbaijan. The curative flower grows also on the coastal plains, among bushes, on the banks of rivers, streams, on sandy soils, in gardens and vineyards.
You can also grow madder dye yourself. The flower grows well on loose, deeply plowed soils. The site for planting madder must be dug up to 25-30 cm in depth, then add up to 3 kg of fertilizer (manure or compost), as well as nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium - 5 g per 1 square meter. Seeds should be sown at a minimum soil temperature of +6 - +8 degrees. The distance between the rows should be done 45-60 cm. Place the seeds to a depth of 10 cm. At a temperature of +8 - +10 degrees, the seeds will germinate.
You can also propagate madder and rhizomes. To do this, prepare the furrows with a depth of 10–15 cm and rhizomes with a length of 8–10 cm, place the seedlings in the furrows 15–45 cm apart (depending on the size of the rhizomes), then cover the furrows with soil and level the soil surface. The plant is unpretentious, you will need to weed the crops only 1-2 times per season, and in the fall you need to spud. For the 2nd year in early spring, remove the dead parts of the plant and apply nitrogen-phosphate fertilizer of 3 g per square meter.
Features of collecting madder dye
The roots and rhizomes of the madder are used as medicinal raw materials in folk medicine. They should be harvested and harvested either in spring (from mid-March to mid-April), or at the end of summer (from early August to late September). The roots must be dug, shaken off the ground, but not washed, and in this form spread out in the sun so that they dry up a little. Then they should be dried outside in the shade or in a regularly ventilated room, you can also use the oven and dry the raw materials in it at a temperature of 45 degrees. Spread the finished raw materials on the banks and tightly close the lids. Shelf life - 2 years. Raw madder dye contains many proteins and organic acids, for example, citric, malic and tartaric.
Contraindications: hypersensitivity to the herbal remedy, individual intolerance, renal failure, glomerulonephritis, peptic ulcer and 12 duodenal ulcer, chronic gastritis with increased acidity.
Paints urine in a reddish color (in case of manifestation of intense urine staining in brown-red color, it is necessary to reduce the dose or interrupt treatment with madder). An overdose of plant preparations can cause pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and exacerbation of chronic inflammatory diseases.
Recipes with cheese
Decoction of madder roots dyeing
Pour 2 teaspoons of madder roots with hot, but not boiling water, leave for 2-3 hours, then strain. Drink 80 ml of broth after each meal. This broth has a diuretic, antispasmodic and bactericidal action, therefore, it is indispensable for diseases of the urinary system, for example, with kidney stones. A decoction of the roots of the madder dye also helps with painful menstruation and with their premature termination, it has a stimulating effect on the functioning of the ovaries, eliminates spasms, weakens the muscles of the uterus, relieves a depressing feeling of pain and heaviness in the lower abdomen. For diseases of the spleen, take 175 ml per 20 minutes before each meal.
Broth for compresses
1 teaspoon of chopped madder roots of the dye pour 1 cup of water and put in a water bath for 10-15 minutes. Then cool and strain the broth. Lotions and compresses from it are guaranteed to normalize the metabolic processes in the skin, prevent the appearance of pigment spots, and even slow the growth of malignant tumors on the skin. This decoction can also be drunk for rheumatism, osteochondrosis, gout and polyarthritis for half a glass twice a day before meals (preferably in the morning and evening).