The cause of back pain is often lumbosacral osteochondrosis. Symptoms and treatment of this pathology should be given special attention, since the advanced disease is poorly amenable to drug therapy and significantly worsens the prognosis. What to do, where to go and what to treat, if the pain in the spine is disturbing?
Once again about osteochondrosis: what is the essence of the problem and is it easy to eliminate?
Lumbar osteochondrosis is still that sore! If you wave your hand at him (it hurts a little - and it’s okay), the case may result in paralysis of the lower limbs. The disease is that there are pathological changes in the intervertebral discs, which entail a decrease in the flexibility of the spinal trunk and pain. The distance between the vertebrae is reduced, the nerves and vessels are pinched. The main reason for such troubles is the incorrect distribution of the load on different parts of the spine.
Immediately I must say: osteochondrosis is an incurable disease, it is impossible to get rid of it completely by pharmacy or folk remedies. The goal of treatment is to slow down the pathological process and remove the symptoms that prevent the patient from breathing freely. With the right approach and attitude to your spine, you can permanently remove the painful manifestations and live a full life. But it will take a long time to be treated. In severe cases, the rescue becomes an operation.
What are the signs of osteochondrosis?
Symptoms of radiculitis (as the lumbar osteochondrosis is popularly called) can be seen only in stages 2 and 3. The only exception is when it is the result of hypothermia or stress. Then the attack of dagger pain makes itself felt in the first stage.
The main symptoms of the disease:
- pain and numbness in the lumbar region. At first, such sensations occur during physical exertion or sudden movements. Gradually, they become permanent. The pain is unexpressed, aching, but in the latter stages it makes itself felt even when sneezing or coughing;
- chronic fatigue and depression;
- decreased sensitivity of the lower limbs;
- reduced mobility of the lumbosacral region.
If the nerve is infringed, then other signs of irregularities in the structure of the spinal column appear, namely:
- muscle weakness;
- shooting pain in the lower back;
- oppression tendon reflexes;
- excessive sweating;
- cold in the legs;
- failure of the internal organs (in particular, the genitourinary system).
The disease manifests itself with non-specific symptoms. The person becomes irritable, gets tired quickly, feels overwhelmed in the evening, does not sleep well. Migraine may develop.
If you ignore the symptoms of lumbosacral osteochondrosis and do not begin treatment, even when the pain is disturbing, she will begin to give in the thigh and lower leg. A coldness (or fever) will go over the lower back. Join paresthesia - goosebumps. The following troubles are much worse - shooting in the leg and fingers, curvature of the spine, lameness, difficulty with movement, incontinence of urine and feces.
What is needed for diagnosis?
The first is to go to a neurologist. He will ask the patient how he is feeling, examine the spine by palpation. You can set the stage of the disease according to the severity of kyphosis and lordosis. But for an accurate diagnosis today, MRI or CT are used.
How to alleviate the patient's condition and slow down osteochondrosis?
Treat osteochondrosis, localized in the lumbar region, it is necessary to comprehensively. Therapy includes such activities:
- drug effects - analgesics, NSAIDs, muscle relaxants, procaine blockade, warming, painkillers, anti-inflammatory ointments and gels;
- manual therapy;
- therapeutic exercises;
- laser decompression of the intervertebral disc;
- sometimes a hernia operation is required.
Do I need to give injections and which ones?
For some reason, there is an opinion among patients that it is impossible to cure osteochondrosis of the lumbosacral spine if the treatment does not include injections. In fact, it is advisable to resort to such manipulations only in the acute stage. Then the doctor may prescribe the following drugs that are injected:
- Ketonal - nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agent. Eliminates pain and inflammation. Negative effect on the stomach;
- Diclofenac - a drug from the category of NSAIDs. Helps to stop pain, inhibits the inflammatory process. Quite a toxic agent;
- Milgamma Combined medication, acting in three directions: anesthetizes, normalizes blood flow, adjusts the work of NA;
- Vitamin B. Helps relieve muscle tension and restore normal blood flow.
Will there be a result?
Many people doubt whether it is worth interfering with such a delicate organ as the spine. After all, there are many examples of the fact that, despite the efforts of doctors and the patient, they failed to defeat osteochondrosis of the lumbosacral spine. Treatment (reviews prove this) usually begins with a blockade or injections of painkillers. These measures help. Experienced patients claim that the blockade will make you forget about problems with the spine for 3-6 months. It will quickly take away the pain and eliminate inflammation. But the blockade causes damage to health, therefore, despite the obvious result, you should not be carried away by such treatment.
Much more benefit will bring those who have found osteochondrosis of the lumbosacral spine, exercise. They can be performed independently (for which not all have enough willpower) and with an instructor. To therapeutic gymnastics helped recovery, should be practiced for a long time and regularly. Exercise from time to time will not do anything! The duration of the training is 30 minutes. Exercises are performed lying and standing.
Most patients respond positively to physiotherapy. Many helped manual impact.
Thus, it is possible to improve your condition in case of lumbar osteochondrosis and to avoid complications. But you have to find competent doctors, have patience and make efforts. In no case do not let everything take its course. Remember: every third case of disability is associated with this disease!