Lumbosacral radiculitis develops in almost 40% of the world's population. And although it is generally accepted that older people are more likely to suffer from back pain, every year physicians observe a tendency to “rejuvenate” this disease. To always be alert and in time to fight off the coming pain, you need to know why lumbar radiculitis appears, its symptoms and medication treatment. Here we will talk about it today.
Lumbar radiculitis: symptoms and causes of the disease
Lumbar pain occurs as a result of irritation of the sciatic nerve, which has the largest localization area in the human body. The sciatic nerve originates in the lower lumbar region, runs along the thigh and ends with nerve endings at the bottom of the knee. During exacerbation of sciatica, a person experiences shooting pain anywhere along the sciatic nerve.
Each pain can have a different character. Some experience acute pain that passes quickly, while others say that the discomfort in the lower back aggravates if you sit for a long time. However, pain syndrome is not the only symptom of lumbar radiculitis. Other symptoms of the disease include the following symptoms:
- numbness in the leg along the sciatic nerve (sometimes numbness in one leg may be accompanied by acute pain in the other);
- tingling in the foot and toes;
- constant burning in the lower part of the spine.
The sciatic nerve can inflame for various reasons: from the wrong mattress and sedentary lifestyle to diseases of the musculoskeletal system. The main causes of lumbar sciatica include:
- herniated disc, which directly presses on the nerve and causes the symptoms of sciatica;
- lumbar spinal stenosis - narrowing of the spinal cord in the lower back;
- spondylolisthesis - a condition in which the disc may slightly move forward, pinching the sciatic nerve;
- various soft tissue tumors in the spine;
- infectious diseases in the spine and spinal cord;
- severe and moderate spinal injuries;
- age-related osteochondrosis;
- pear-shaped syndrome is a rare occurrence that requires immediate medical attention.
Pear syndrome can seriously damage the nervous system and even lead to paralysis. Due to the work of a group of buttocks, the sciatic nerve is pinched and inflamed, and, as a result, acute unbearable pain.
It is also worth noting that during pregnancy lumbar radiculitis is a fairly common occurrence. However, in this case, the disease does not require serious treatment and passes on its own after the birth of the child.
Diagnosis and drug treatment
Before making a diagnosis, the doctor is obliged to conduct a general examination of the patient, take a history and draw up a history of the disease. In most cases, a specialist will only need a few general tests and obvious symptoms to make such a decision. Only occasionally, other tests may be needed to determine the exact cause of sciatica, for example:
- MRI scan;
- computed tomography of the spine;
Before making a final decision and appointing a course of therapy, a physician must, without fail, ask for blood and urine to be tested.
The most effective methods of treatment of radiculitis
The first question the patient asks his doctor after a diagnosis is - what helps from radiculitis? After all, it is impossible to endure pain all the time. There are several methods of drug treatment:
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are effective for reducing pain in sciatica. For example, Ibuprofen, Naproxen and various COX-2 inhibitors - Celecoxib, Bextra, Vioks.
- If the pain is very severe, then the doctor can give an epidural injection with steroids to reduce inflammation. This injection helps to forget about the symptoms of rheumatism for a period of a week to a year.
- In some cases, in chronic lumbar radiculitis, oral steroids are prescribed - Prednisone, Kenalog, Hydrocortisone. However, these drugs can cause unwanted side effects, so they should be taken only on the advice of a doctor.
Speaking about the medical treatment of radiculitis, it should be noted that in addition to the main drugs, doctors recommend taking various vitamin complexes and antidepressants that help calm the nervous system and activate the process of cartilage regeneration.
How to choose an ointment for back pain?
Of course, drug treatment is not without special warming and anti-inflammatory ointments. On their basis, you can do various compresses and rubbing. The quantity of goods offered at any pharmacy is just a blink in the eyes, so a person is lost and cannot make the right choice. So, to ointment from back pain with radiculitis had the desired effect, its composition should include the following components:
- bee or snake venom;
- Bell pepper;
- formic or camphor alcohol;
- essential oils;
- fir oil;
- extracts of plants - horse chestnut, arnica, chamomile.
It is also worth knowing that when using ointment from radiculitis with snake or bee venom, it is necessary to wrap the loin with a warm woolen scarf.
Of the many preparations, the following ointments are best recommended:
- Fastum gel;
- Nise gel;
The ointment is rubbed directly onto the affected area of the body, as a result of which the pain disappears, the degree of inflammation decreases significantly, and metabolic processes are improved.
Lumbar sciatica is a rather debilitating disease. Stiffness of movement, constant pain in the lower back, knees, legs and feet prevent a person from not only moving, but also living normally. If you have such a diagnosis, you should not despair and give up. There are many ways that help to stop the symptoms of the disease and put the person on his feet again. Be healthy!