Improper load on the spine, professional stress - all this can lead to back pain. Today it is becoming one of the leading health problems. The number of people who suffer from back pain or poor posture is constantly increasing. Consider why there is pain in the lower back, extending to the leg.
We find out the reasons together with the doctor
Aching pain in the lower back, giving way to the leg, is called sciatica. It is not simply reflected in the leg, but can reach the foot and be accompanied by muscle weakness. The causes of such pain can be found in the modern lifestyle, because most of the time a person spends without movement. These factors include:
- prolonged sitting at the office desk or in front of a computer;
- sedentary leisure, for example, lying for hours on a sofa in front of the TV;
- the problem of muscle stagnation is associated with heavy physical exertion of a predominantly static nature;
- with improper posture or posture, muscles lose their elasticity, harden and cause pain;
- overweight gives you extra strain on your back muscles.
Causes of back pain, giving in the leg, as a rule, cause unpleasant symptoms, but do not require treatment and usually disappear on their own. However, with age, the spine and other components of the skeletal system are subject to a chronic degenerative process. This affects the intervertebral discs, joints and tissues surrounding them, causing pain and even serious diseases:
- infections, tumors or vascular pathologies;
- intervertebral disc hernia;
- ankylosing spondylitis;
- psychological stress and depression;
- pains in the affected internal organs, such as the kidneys, intestines, pancreas, are radiated through the nervous system to the lumbar region and beyond.
The treatment of back pains that give up in the leg depends on their cause and the nature of the complaints. The goal of therapy is to reduce pain, prevent recurrence and transition to a chronic condition. To do this, use the following methods:
- taking painkillers;
- warming procedures;
- sport and exercise;
- relaxation therapy;
- behavioral therapy;
Acute back pain should be treated early. In most cases, simple painkillers or anti-inflammatory drugs help. Preferably the treatment is carried out without interrupting normal life. Drug therapy is the reception of funds suitable for long-term use and related to painkillers. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as Diclofenac or Ibuprofen are suitable for this purpose.
For intense pains that cause particular discomfort, opioid analgesics may be prescribed. It is very important to use them regularly on schedule and with strict adherence to the prescribed dosage. These drugs have a prolonged action. For example, analgesics with the active ingredient fentanyl improve the condition for three days.
Massages and baths
Massage helps relax muscles and restore their elasticity. And although recent studies show that massage for acute back pain makes less sense, it can alleviate chronic pain in the short term, especially in combination with physical therapy. Upon completion of the massage, it is necessary to keep active and move more to avoid repetition of back pain.
In addition, in many cases, back pain relieves warmth. It can be warming compresses, herbal baths, saunas. Massages and baths are pleasant and useful for physical and internal relaxation. They promote blood circulation in the muscles and reduce tension.-
Conservative and surgical treatment of back pain is effective when physical and physiotherapy activities are carried out in parallel. Already in the early stages stabilizing exercises should be performed. Physical therapy is designed to improve mobility, strengthen the main muscles of the spine.
With the help of systematic, regularly performed exercises, you can significantly extend the period until the next occurrence of back pain. These types of workouts are recommended:
- medical training therapy on appropriate simulators.
In the list of causes of back pain, overweight takes one of the leading positions. Thus, weight loss can contribute to the health of your back. The fact that the pain in the back after the start of the diet sometimes increases slightly does not change the setting for weight loss. In the long run, the spine will thank you when you reach a normal weight.
The diet should be balanced with low sugar. The daily diet should be sated with foods rich in calcium and vitamins A, D, K, C. For this, hard cheeses, low-fat dairy products, cereals, fresh vegetables, fish, fruits and their juices are suitable. You should avoid fatty foods and alcohol.
The following are the most common accompanying back pain diseases:
- degenerative and inflammatory processes in the joints;
- heart failure;
- Chronical bronchitis.
They must be considered in the diagnosis and treatment. Long-term treatment of chronic back pain with anti-inflammatory drugs in conjunction with the means of treatment of associated diseases leads to a decrease in therapeutic effect. That is why, along with these agents, preparations of chondrostimulating action are used to restore efficiency.
All this can be avoided if you move more. The most successful therapy for back pain and its prevention is to maintain an active lifestyle. Remember that movement is life.