Many of us ignore the planned ultrasound of the abdominal organs and get diagnosed only when thunder has already struck, that is, alarming symptoms have appeared. As a result, a person may face such an unpleasant surprise as a liver cyst. Causes, treatment and prognosis are the main issues that are of interest when such a pathology is detected. Will there be an operation?
Liver cyst - what is this disease?
The liver is a filter of the human body. Few people remember about her until she reminds herself of bitterness in her mouth and pain in the right hypochondrium. The cause of indisposition is sometimes a liver cyst. This is a benign neoplasm. It looks like a "bag" on the leg, filled with liquid. Its size may be insignificant - 1 mm; It happens that the cyst reaches 25 cm.
There are 2 types of cysts: non-parasitic and parasitic. The first are the result of congenital pathology of the bile ducts, which are gradually transformed into the cavity. Parasitic associated with the introduction of helminths (most often echinococcus). As the worm quickly grows in size, the cyst can grow by 5 cm in a year.
The cyst is found in 0.8% of cases, and most often in women of 35-55 years. Sometimes several cysts form on the liver.
Do I need to be afraid of such a diagnosis?
The danger of a cyst is not only that it prevents the liver from performing its functions normally. Untreated, it leads to such complications as a rupture of a neoplasm, bleeding, ingestion of purulent contents in the intestinal cavity.
If the cyst is removed by surgical methods, the prognosis is in most cases favorable. But after radical treatment, relapses are possible.
If the cyst is not treated, it usually progresses. Possible liver abscess. With a massive lesion of an organ, death is likely due to liver failure or malignant transformation.
Why does a cyst appear on the liver?
The question to which medicine still does not give an exact answer is where does a cyst on the liver come from, the causes of its occurrence. Treatment and symptoms are studied more deeply. It is considered that a cyst can appear as a result of such factors:
- chronic inflammatory process;
- genetic (inherited) pathology;
- fetal fetal malformations;
- parasite infection;
The occurrence of a cyst may be due to hormonal means - oral contraceptives and estrogen.
What are the symptoms of a cyst on the liver?
A single cyst of small "dimensions" will not be felt in any way. Symptomatology is noted when the volume of a cyst reaches 7-8 cm, or up to 20% of the liver “overgrown” with such formations. What are the manifestations of a cyst ?:
- feeling of heaviness and fullness in the right side;
- pain in the epigastric region, which makes itself felt after eating and during exercise;
- bouts of nausea, belching, vomiting, bloating;
- weakness in general, loss of appetite, shortness of breath, increased sweating;
- weight loss;
- an increase in the abdomen, and asymmetrical;
What methods are used to detect a cyst?
Since at the initial stage of the disease, the symptoms of organ damage are absent, the cyst is detected randomly, by ultrasound examination. To clarify the diagnosis and determine the contents of the cyst can be assigned percutaneous puncture. MRI, CT scan of the organ is performed. In severe cases, resort to diagnostic laparoscopy.
If there is a suspicion of a parasitic origin of the cyst, a serological examination of the blood is administered - RNGA, ELISA.
Is the operation inevitable? Medical treatment strategy
What method of treatment will be chosen for a patient diagnosed with a liver cyst? The causes and treatment of this pathology are closely interrelated. For healing, choose one of these methods:
Parasitic cyst is eliminated with the help of drugs that destroy the helminth (Albendazole), antibacterial agents are used.
If a nonparasitic cyst is up to 3 cm in size, then the patient is recommended to undergo an ultrasound examination regularly. If the cyst has a size of 5 cm or its rapid growth is detected, then conservative treatment is prescribed - a puncture is performed to remove the fluid inside this formation.
Modern and effective treatment method - sclerotherapy. Its essence lies in the fact that the cystic cavity is filled with a special solution, which leads to adhesion of its walls.
If a large cyst is found, as well as in case of its suppuration, rupture, bleeding, surgical treatment is necessary. The surgeon will remove all cystic formation. If the cyst "germinated" in the liver, then you will have to remove with it a part of this organ.
Liver transplantation is also performed.
Freedom from cyst folk remedies
There are many recipes that are effective against cysts. Set before preparing the healing broths from which the liver cyst disappears, the reasons - and treatment with folk remedies will help to avoid surgery.
Natural and safe means to rid the liver of "ballast":
- burdock juice. In the course are young leaves. They will need to be washed and pressed. The healing properties of the juice persist for 3 days. Drink 1-2 tbsp. l 3 times a day for 1 month;
- celandine - juice and tincture. In the spring, collect the leaves of this plant, squeeze the juice. Let stand. Pour juice into another dish without sediment. Take the drug as follows: start with 1 drop (it is diluted in 1 tsp. Of water). Every day for 10 days, increase the dose by 1 drop. After a 10-day break, drink 1 tsp. juice divorced 5 tsp. water. Take 1 tsp. three times a day for 1 hour before meals. The course is 10 days.
The infusion is prepared as follows: combine the juice with vodka (and alcohol) in equal parts. Take 10 days in the morning on an empty stomach. It is recommended to begin treatment with 10 drops (they are diluted in 100 ml of milk). Daily add a drop. Drink 20 days for two dozen drops. After that, reduce the dose of 1 drop to 10 drops. Heal for another 10 days, using the composition of 10 drops.
How to help yourself nutrition?
To stop the growth of cysts and prevent relapses, you should exclude from the menu spicy, fried, salty foods, canned foods and smoked meats. It is better to refuse soda, spicy food, sweet and coffee. It is necessary to eat often, in small portions.
It is important to eat vegetables and fruits, fish, dairy products daily. On the day should consume no more than 3000 kcal.
Liver cyst: causes and treatment, reviews of various medical techniques
If you have found a hepatic cyst, do not rush to despair. Reviews of patients with a similar problem are encouraging. If the cyst is small and does not grow, then treatment is not required, you will live with it all your life, only you need to do an ultrasound. If a cyst appears due to parasites, then it is better to operate on it as quickly as possible, until it fester and infection of neighboring organs has occurred.
Very well speak about the treatment of celandine. If you exactly follow the recipe, after a month ultrasound will show that the liver is healthy. In response, burdock juice also successfully defeats a cyst.
In some cases, it is possible to recover from a liver cyst without surgery, but it is better to consult a gastroenterologist. Nevertheless, celandine is a poisonous plant. In any case, do not disregard your liver and help her extend your life.