Mild concussion has almost the same symptoms as exhaustion, micro-stroke and lack of oxygen. But everyone understands that this state is caused not by internal, but by external factors. A car accident, a sports head injury, a strong blow - all this can lead to serious problems.
Is this really a concussion?
The first signs and symptoms of a concussion after a head injury can sometimes be difficult for the patient to disassemble, let alone the people around him. Already at an early stage of the disease, many significant factors can be missed. Therefore, if a person has hit his head before your eyes, first of all you need to check whether he has a bloodied wound. But this may not always be a sure sign: in some cases, trauma causes subcutaneous hematoma, which cannot be seen.
It is best to turn your attention to other signs. As a rule, an adult with mild concussion manifests the following symptoms:
- sharp and incessant headache;
- sensitivity to noise and light;
- doubling objects or blurred vision;
- midges, spots, stars, or other visual anomalies;
- loss of coordination and body balance;
- numbness, tingling and weakness in the limbs;
- severe nausea and vomiting.
Since concussion directly affects brain function, it is worth checking cognitive and behavioral abnormalities. Among the characteristic features are the following:
- unusual irritability and excessive excitability;
- total apathy to what is happening, difficulties with coordination, gaps in memory;
- inappropriate mood swings, unmotivated flashes of aggression and shouting;
- absolute fatigue, lethargy and drowsiness;
- violation of smell and taste disorders.
Head injuries are very common in young children. In this case, the non-verbal keys of the brain malfunction include:
- lethargy and fatigue;
- constant crying and moods;
- refusal of food and drink;
- lack of interest in your favorite toys;
- loss of balance.
The difficulty in determining concussion is that some symptoms appear immediately, while others can be seen within a few days or months after the injury.
When should I see a doctor immediately? Signs of concussion in adults and children
Call the Ambulance or urgently deliver a person with a head injury to the hospital if the following symptoms are clearly observed:
- the victim is very sleepy and cannot be woken up;
- the pupil in one eye is much larger than in the other;
- convulsions and convulsions appear;
- a person cannot recognize the terrain or the faces of people;
- speech is becoming more confusing;
- the victim behaves strangely;
- there is a complete or partial loss of consciousness.
The warning signs in children are the same as those listed for adults. Contact your child in the emergency room immediately if you experience any of these or the following symptoms:
- the baby constantly and continuously cries;
- the baby refuses breastfeeding or other complete food.
In any case, even the symptoms of mild concussion require qualified diagnosis and treatment. Do not delay a visit to the doctor, as this may aggravate the effects of the injury. After a medical examination, the doctor may send the victim home or leave him for observation for some time in the hospital. People who are directed to home treatment should also be more attentive to their condition: watch for warning signs and mood changes.
Life after an accident, or how to avoid the effects of a concussion
Rest is very important after suffering a head injury, because it helps the brain to recover. Be patient and do not try to bother your body with physical or mental stress. Full recovery from such conditions is a long and painstaking process.
Treatment of symptoms of mild concussion in the home should be based on the following principles and rules:
- need more sleep at night and a lot of rest during the day;
- avoid heavy physical exertion and exercise;
- take only those drugs that your prescribed physician ordered;
- do not drink alcoholic beverages;
- write down on paper what is too hard for you to remember;
- spend as little time as possible behind the video games and sitting at the computer;
- Do not drive until the doctor permits;
- Do not take ibuprofen and aspirin pain pills, as they can cause bruising and aggravate treatment;
- to eliminate headaches attach to the temporal lobe a bit of ice, wrapped in a towel, for 20-30 minutes;
- include in your diet foods that promote brain healing: avocados, blueberries, honey, nuts and seeds, butter, cheese and eggs, fresh vegetables and fruits.
Only when your symptoms are significantly reduced, you can gradually return to a normal rhythm of life.
What's better: tips for kids
Parents, nannies, kindergarten teachers and school teachers should be involved in the recovery of the child after a head injury:
- The child should rest as much as possible. It is best if the parents at the same time make a regular schedule for sleeping.
- Ensure that the child avoids moving activities and activities, such as cycling or playing sports. Completely eliminate slides and rides that could lead to re-injury.
- Give the child only those drugs that have been prescribed by a pediatrician.
- Educators and teachers in the school should relate to such a student loyal. Ask educators to give easy tasks to the child first and set aside more time for their decision.
A light degree of concussion detected in time allows the patient not only to recover faster from the injury, but also to transfer it with minimal consequences.