Throughout life, we take a lot of tests that determine the content of certain elements in our body. Perhaps each of us at least once came across the concept of leukocytes. These colorless blood cells are indispensable for our immune system. You can find leukocytes in a smear, the rate of these bodies in women and men is somewhat different.
That's the topic for today's conversation with readers.
Smear on flora: decoding
A smear on the flora is a mandatory procedure for every woman. The mucus is taken from three different places of the vaginal passage in a routine routine examination by a gynecologist. Often, such analyzes are taken by the fair sex who are planning a pregnancy or have undergone treatment. This procedure is absolutely painless.
Comparative samples are tested in the laboratory. The results of the analysis are recorded on a special form. You can see Latin letters whose meaning is unknown to you. Let's see together how to decipher such an analysis:
- The form must indicate the places from which the comparative sample was collected, in particular: V (vaginal passage), C (cervical canal), U (urethra).
- The letter L means white blood cell count. Normally, the concentration of white cells is from 3 to 5 units in the vaginal passage, 5-10 in the cervical canal and from 0 to 5 in the urethra. During the study, only the visible portion of the comparative sample is taken into account.
- The combination of the letters Ep means the name of epithelial cells, which normally should be clean.
- Abbreviations Gn and Trich indicate the presence of gonococcus and Trichomonas, which confirms the development of the infectious type of disease.
Required in the results of the analysis indicates the level of PH, as well as the concentration of lactobacilli. In healthy women, analyzes should contain no references to the presence of fungal pathogens, trichomonads, gonococci and other pathological microorganisms in the smear.
Leukocytes in a smear: the norm in women
The concentration of leukocytes in the smear may indicate the state of human health. In case of any deviation from the norm, the attending specialist suspects the development of inflammatory diseases.
To date, doctors have not come to a common opinion about the rate of concentration of leukocytes in a smear. Some experts believe that the rate of leukocytes in a gynecological smear ranges from 0 to 3 units in the visible area of the comparative sample under investigation. Others claim that the normal concentration of leukocytes can reach 15 units. Most scientists still adhere to the fact that the rate of white blood cells varies from 0 to 3 units, so these indicators can safely be considered generally accepted.
To reliably determine the concentration of leukocytes in the study of smear in laboratory conditions, experts classify the degree of purity of the vaginal passage. A pivot table will tell you about the white blood cell count in a smear for a woman.
|The degree of purity of the vaginal passage||Leukocyte concentration|
|1 degree (clean vagina)||From 0 to 3 units, most often this indicator tends to zero.|
|2 degree||Not more than 15 units, but on condition that beneficial bacteria and microorganisms are found in the smear.|
|3 degree||Up to 50 units in the visible area of the comparative sample. Most often, such a concentration is observed before or immediately after menstrual bleeding.|
|4 degree||Over 50 units. This figure indicates the development of the pathology of the inflammatory type.|
If an increased concentration of leukocytes is detected in a smear, the attending specialist usually conducts additional types of research. In medical practice, there are cases when the concentration level is determined incorrectly due to the violation of the procedure for taking comparative samples (smears) for research.
During pregnancy, a woman passes an uncountable number of tests. This is necessary not only to determine the state of the reproductive system of the expectant mother, but also to monitor the development of the fetus. A smear on the flora is a mandatory procedure immediately after registration in the gynecological department.
The concentration of leukocytes in the amount of 10 to 20 units in the visible part of the comparative sample is considered to be the norm in a pregnant woman. If the primary indicator is normal, then the next smear on the flora to determine the level of white blood cells is carried out no earlier than 30 weeks.
In the event of a deviation from the norm (exceeding the concentration level), the doctor prescribes additional tests and studies, since this fact may indicate the development of infectious and inflammatory processes.
What should be normal indicators for men?
Donating smears for comparative analysis can not only the fair sex, but also men. The procedure for taking smears in men is carried out somewhat differently. With the help of a special probe, which is introduced into the urethra, mucus is taken.
The results of the analysis can determine the state of the urethra. Most often, men undergo such a procedure only after the onset of symptoms indicating the development of an inflammatory or infectious pathology.
The content of whitish blood cells in a smear indicates a normal or pathological condition of the urethra. Normally, the concentration of leukocytes should vary from 0 to 5 units in the visible area of the sample under study.
An increase in the white blood cell count in a smear in men may indicate the development of a number of diseases, in particular:
- chlamydia and others
Deviations from the norm
As already mentioned, the level of concentration of leukocytes in a smear in men and women allows you to determine the presence or absence of the inflammatory process. It is impossible to establish an accurate diagnosis of leukocyte levels, for this you need to pass a number of laboratory tests, as well as undergo a full-scale examination.
An increase in the concentration of leukocytes in a smear in a woman may indicate the development of the following pathologies:
- tumors of malignant or benign type;
- inflammatory processes in the genital organs (for example, cervicitis, adnexitis, colpitis, endometritis, etc.);
- violations of the microflora of the vaginal passage and intestines.
In practice, there are cases when leukocytes are not found at all in a smear. This also indicates a deviation in health. Most often, these indicators are found in women during menopause, as well as women who have not had sex for a long time. The doctor should be consulted if primary symptoms are detected, such as a violation of the menstruation cycle and itching in the genital area.
Increasing the concentration of leukocytes in a smear in men may indicate the development of an infectious or inflammatory process not only in the genitals. Such indicators may indicate inflammation in the organs of the urinary system.
As you can see, leukocytes perform a very important function. When bacteria or pathological pathogens enter the body, they strengthen our immunity by eating such microorganisms. If there is an increased concentration of leukocytes, this indicates the development of the inflammatory process, which is often asymptomatic. That is why it is so important to systematically undergo preventive check-ups and be tested. Be healthy!