Evergreen shrub of the Heather family, living in the Northern Hemisphere, has about 10 species, but not all of them are known and are found in the middle belt. In addition, in some nationalities (and even in a number of written sources), a rumbler means rhododendron and its “relatives”. How to distinguish them? What attractive is the wild rosemary for folk medicine?
Ledumberry: the main characteristics of the plant
It is important to understand how to distinguish this plant from similar ones visually. Immediately it is worth noting that in Russia, wild rosemary is rare, and it grows more actively in Belarus and the Far East.
- The height of the bush is 1.5-2 m, while it is difficult to call it a “bush”: the entire silhouette of the plant is the central stem and several short shoots from the root. In nature, there are also dwarf species of wild rosemary - such bushes barely rise above the ground by 15-20 cm.
- The fluffiness of the ledum is given by numerous long lanceolate narrow leaves, concentrated in the upper half of the bush and distributed evenly throughout it. As well as an umbrella blooming hat, the color of which varies from white to pink-red.
- Young plants at the stems have a pubescence of a red-brown shade, adults have a gray-brown thin bark.
- If you have doubts whether you have a rhododendron or wild rosemary, tear the leaf and rub it in your fingers: the latter should have a characteristic aroma of resin. This smell is distinguished by special glands located on the inner side of the leaf: it is they that give it a visual "fluffiness" and a brown tint.
- Flowering wild rosemary mainly falls on the end of May and lasts until the beginning of July. The plant is extremely not attractive to bees, because it contains toxic substances in nectar. For humans, honey produced from nectar is also toxic.
Ledum leaves marsh: photos and features
Of all the species of this plant, the marsh wild rosemary is the most common: it is almost indistinguishable from other species, if you do not take into account the height of the bushes - it varies between 60-100 cm. The attractiveness lies in the healing properties of the marsh wild rosemary, stems, but with the same purpose can be used flowers and fruits. Other species of this plant are of no interest to traditional medicine.
- The fruits of wild rosemary can begin to collect after they ripen, the period of which falls on the end of summer. Flowers and shoots - in the middle of the vegetative period: the whole of June. It is recommended to collect young branches and leaves, since they have the maximum concentration of useful substances.
- Dates of gathering marsh ledum must be observed strictly, as it directly affects the degree of its danger to the body: the minimum is seen at the extreme points of the vegetative process, and the maximum is at its peak.
An important nuance is the preparation of wild rosemary for use: the stems, leaves and flowers must be dried, which can be done both in the attic (a long process) and in a room with a high air temperature or oven (the internal air temperature must be above 40 degrees) which can be replaced with a special dryer. The process should take place in a well-ventilated area, which should not be located: the essential oils secreted by the leaves have a toxic effect, especially when concentrated in the air.
Medicinal properties and contraindications
The use of wild rosemary of the marsh has been observed not only in alternative medicine, but also in the perfume industry, as well as in order to fight insects. In addition, tannins that are included in the chemical composition of the squeeze from the stems and leaves of wild rosemary tea are valued in leather dressing.
- The main components of the chemical composition of wild rosemary: sesquiterpene alcohols, which are the base for the essential oil - they determine the aroma and viscous taste with a pronounced bitterness. However, tannins also affect the taste. Besides them, wild rosemary is a good source of flavonoids and arbutin.
- Use marsh wild rosemary with extreme caution: poisonous substances (in particular, the ice oil contained in the essential oil) are toxic to humans. Overdose leads to respiratory spasms, heart failure (from interruptions to slowing the pulse) and the nervous system.
Taking into account which elements are prevailing in the chemical composition of the plant, it is possible to determine its spheres of influence.
- Diseases of the respiratory system: from classical rhinitis to bronchitis, i.e. wild rosemary acts on both the lower and upper zones. In addition, its role in the treatment of tuberculosis and asthma is highly appreciated.
- Diseases of the cardiovascular system. Here, emphasis is placed on the ability of the wild rosemary to lower the pressure due to the expansion of the vessels and accelerate the heart rate. The plant has an anticonvulsant effect.
- Bruises, injuries, sprains, and frostbite.
- Viral diseases. This includes not only SARS and acute respiratory infections, but also other infections - for example, diphtheria, whooping cough, streptococcus, etc. The antibacterial effect of wild rosemary can be used for decontamination, both from the inside and outside, in almost any situation.
- Joint diseases. Here, the plant acts not only as a weak anesthetic, but also as a means to remove excess fluid from the tissues.
In addition, wild rosemary has a diuretic effect, positively affects the tissues of the stomach and intestines, helps restore the functions of the female reproductive system, relieves itching and inflammation caused by insect bites. Some recipes of traditional medicine even claim that alcoholism can be cured with the help of wild rosemary.
How to apply rosemary marsh?
Taking into account the fact that essential oil is of the greatest value in this plant, undoubtedly, in folk medicine, squeeze is used, which allows preserving its maximum concentration. But if you are engaged in processing and subsequent use of a ledum by yourself, it is better to exercise caution and pay attention to safer methods that are suitable for solving virtually all of the problems listed above.
- Decoction. Shredded dried grass is poured with boiling water (1 tbsp per 200 ml), then heated in a water bath for 30 minutes, cooled to room temperature. The broth is decanted through a fine sieve, and the liquid is used no more than 3 times a day, the volume depends on the disease.
- Infusion. The same shredded grass is poured with boiling water (1 tsp per 200 ml), the container is covered with a lid and wrapped with a towel. Infusion time - 60-90 minutes, after which the liquid is decanted and taken up to 4 times a day.
The use of wild rosemary should be inside after eating, after 20-30 minutes, so as not to cause a negative reaction from the mucous.
- Compresses. Actual for problems with joints, bruises and other damages. Crushed grass combines with sunflower oil (2: 5 ratio), heated for 8-10 hours in a warm oven. This mass needs to be impregnated with gauze, which is superimposed on the diseased area.
Remember that, despite the long list of medicinal properties, wild rosemary is not the safest plant, having in its contraindications not only hypersensitivity. Follow the rules and instructions given by your doctor, and carefully monitor your condition, if you use the grass for the first time.