Unfortunately, no one has yet invented a medicine for old age. With age, the functioning of the digestive organs slows down, decreases the intestinal activity and sensitivity of the anal passage. This leads to stagnation of defecation products. Today we will talk about how to choose laxatives for constipation for the elderly.
When do you need medication?
As already mentioned, with age, the activity of the large intestine and the sensitivity of the anal sphincter decrease, resulting in constipation in an elderly person. The severity of the peritoneum, pain and a number of other unpleasant symptoms will accompany a person who cannot fully defecate.
If a violation of the process of defecation is observed not one day, but for quite a long time, pharmacological agents that have a laxative effect come to the rescue. Immediately I would like to say that before using any drug you need to enlist the support of a specialized doctor. In no case, it is impossible to abuse the use of laxatives, as this affects the intestinal peristalsis.
The appearance of constipation of various forms in older people is influenced by many factors, in particular:
- fluid imbalance;
- wrong and unbalanced diet;
- insignificant physical activity;
- violation of metabolic processes;
- taking pharmacological drugs of various groups;
- diseases of the digestive tract;
- disorders of psycho-emotional state, etc.
As you can see, there are many reasons that provoke a delay in fecal masses in medical practice. Of course, that the pharmacy will help defecation, but this is not enough. Be sure to find out the cause of constipation and eliminate it.
As you know, defecation products contain toxic substances from which the human body disposes in this way. When the stool retention is active, putrefactive bacteria begin to develop actively in the intestinal cavity, and when disintegrating, they provoke intoxication. That is why ignoring such a problem is unacceptable.
Pharmaceuticals that have a laxative effect are prescribed by doctors in such cases:
- with pathological disorders of the natural process of defecation;
- in violation of the functioning of the thyroid gland;
- in case of lack of water in the body;
- when systematically taking pharmacological drugs, including anthelmintic drugs;
- in case of poisoning.
It is imperative that people of all ages are given laxatives before surgery. The active substances of pharmacological preparations of this group act directly on the intestinal walls, relaxing the muscles. Also, the feces under the action of laxatives soften, which allows them to move to the anus and out of the human body in a natural way.
Let's talk about contraindications
When choosing a laxative it is necessary first of all to take into account the age of a person and his physiological features. Elderly people are recommended to take drugs that have a mild effect. Only the profile doctor can competently solve this problem.
Laxative drugs are not allowed for everyone. There are a number of restrictions and contraindications. These include the following pathologies:
- strangulated hernia;
- intestinal obstruction;
- the course of inflammatory processes;
- pathology of the bladder;
- inflammation of the appendix;
- electrolyte dysfunction.
All of the above illnesses preclude the possibility of taking funds that have a laxative effect on the intestines. In addition, close attention should be paid to side effects that may occur as a result of unbalanced or prolonged use of such drugs. These include:
- urge to vomit;
- rashes on the skin;
- enhanced gas formation, etc.
Pharmaceutical Overview: Solving a Delicate Problem
So, you have already understood that it is necessary to choose a suitable remedy that has a laxative effect only after diagnosing the cause of a violation of the process of defecation. In the pharmacy you can find various natural laxatives for constipation for the elderly. All pharmacological substances of this group are divided into the following categories:
- volumetric (filling);
- combined (mixed, universal).
Pharmaceutical preparations of the first group are considered to be the most effective and fast-acting. Already after 5-10 hours after taking the drug effect appears. But often you can not take such drugs. Profile doctors prescribe them in the presence of acute-type constipation. To such funds should include:
Osmotic type pharmaceuticals are unique in that they can not only restore the natural process of defecation, but also eliminate the cause that provoked constipation. Attending doctors sometimes prescribe this category of drugs for long-term use. The most popular among them are Macrogol, Magnesium Sulphate and Forlax.
Prebiotics are needed for the full functioning of the intestine. Pharmacological preparations of this category can not only soften the stagnant masses of feces, but also restore the microflora, colonizing it with beneficial bacteria. To the number of such funds include the following:
- "Duphalac", etc.
Pharmaceutical products that are perfectly absorbed by our body and absorb excess fluid are considered natural. This mechanism of the drug starts the process of natural bowel movement. Fecal masses are softened and removed from the body. Dietary supplements also belong to this category of laxatives. Popular natural ingredients that have a laxative effect are:
As you understand, universal or so-called combined means are capable of starting several processes in the intestine simultaneously. The drugs in this category include Microlax, produced by pharmaceutical companies in the form of microclysters.
Particular attention should be paid to laxatives for constipation in elderly bedridden patients. So people better take drugs that have
slow impact. These include "Duphalac" and "Portalak."
We treat constipation with herbal remedies.
Popular laxatives for constipation for the elderly are very popular in the modern world. As is known, many herbal and food products have a laxative effect. But despite the safety and effectiveness of such means, the reception of each of them must first be coordinated with the relevant doctor.
To cope with constipation will help broths made from special herbal teas. These include the following vegetable components:
- nettle leaves;
- chamomile flowers;
- buckthorn bark;
- anise and strawberry berries;
- dill seeds;
- nine-root root;
- check out;
- valerian and burdock root;
- centaury and mn. other
Flax seeds help to cope with such a delicate problem. Pre-fill them with warm water and insist. The resulting gruel and sour water is mixed with liquid honey, yogurt and freshly squeezed beet juice. This tool helps to normalize intestinal peristalsis.
As you know, the undeniable benefits of our body bring bran. And in combination with fermented milk products, in particular, with kefir, yogurt or yogurt, they will also have a laxative effect.
During the preparation of various means of traditional medicine it is necessary to strictly observe all prescription proportions. Do not forget to consult a specialized doctor, since some herbal remedies are contraindicated in the presence of certain ailments.
In old age, constipation is a frequent occurrence. It is not enough just to restore the process of natural bowel movement, and you need to find out the cause of constipation and eliminate it. To do this, a person will need qualified medical assistance. Do not ignore the signals of your body. A forcedly started bowel process by taking laxatives is only temporary relief. To permanently get rid of such an unpleasant phenomenon, you need to undergo an examination and comprehensive treatment. Be healthy!