Children are subject to various diseases more often than adults. This is due to the formation of the body and first of all the immune system. Quite often in children aged 2 to 7 years, there are respiratory diseases. One of the common diseases is laryngotracheitis.
What is laryngotracheitis?
As already mentioned, laryngotracheitis is most often seen in children. This disease is inflammatory. Pathology occurs in the upper respiratory tract: the larynx and trachea. The nature and causes of the disease are diverse, and at first glance laryngotracheitis can be easily confused with an acute respiratory infection. Depending on the reasons for the occurrence of such a disease, and the accompanying symptoms, the attending specialists in the field of otolaryngology distinguish various types of laryngotracheitis.
What are the types of laryngotracheitis in children?
Laryngotracheitis in children is classified according to various criteria:
By reason of appearance:
By the nature of the flow:
Often, treating specialists to determine the degree of development of laryngotracheitis in children, the disease is classified into the following types:
- Podskladkovaya (in practice referred to as false croup);
- occlusive stenotic baby laryngotracheitis.
The type of disease is determined depending on the causes of its appearance and symptoms.
The main causes of the occurrence of children's laryngotracheitis
Specialists in the field of otolaryngology conducted a series of studies to determine the causes of the development of laryngotracheitis in children in the age group up to 7 years. The main reason for the occurrence of such a disease were viral infections of various nature:
- para-influenza viruses (as practice shows, it is the type 1 virus that provokes half of the diseases);
- measles virus;
- typological influenza A virus;
- respiratory and syncytial viruses;
Often, children's laryngotracheitis occurs as a result of the transfer of acute respiratory diseases, for example, SARS or influenza. Moreover, it can develop both after a complete recovery and when the respiratory pathology passes into a chronic stage. Often laryngotracheitis may be due to hypothermia or the effects of low temperatures on the respiratory tract of a child. Treatment specialists believe that this disease can also be triggered by mechanical damage or excessive stress on the children's vocal cords.
Symptoms of the disease
Acute laryngotracheitis in children is manifested, as a rule, at night during sleep, as well as adult laryngotracheitis. It has the following symptoms:
- stenotic breathing;
- so-called barking cough;
- change of voice timbre;
- lengthening inhalation;
- no pauses between the phases of respiration;
- sawing breath;
- purulent type mucus;
- the presence of bright red rollers on the surface of the larynx.
The degree of symptoms of laryngotracheitis in children:
The first degree is characterized by the appearance of hoarseness and "barking cough". The child experiences pronounced shortness of breath when inhaling or crying. Symptoms appear paroxysmal and last from a couple of minutes to several hours.
- In the period of development of the second degree of acute laryngotracheitis, there is an expansion of the nostrils during shortness of breath. Exhalation is accompanied by a characteristic internal noise that adults can hear at a distance. The skin becomes bluish tinge, the child is very concerned. Excessive sweating may occur.
- The third degree of laryngotracheitis is characterized by complicated breathing and cold sweat. The skin becomes pale, and attacks of cough, resembling barking, are increasing. The child is depressed, does not show interest in anything and is very scared.
When the above symptoms of the child should immediately show the attending specialist. As already mentioned, by their characteristics, the nature of development and symptoms of laryngotracheitis resembles a number of viral diseases, you can also learn in detail about the symptoms of tracheitis, because these diseases are very similar. The doctor will make an accurate diagnosis after a full-scale examination.
First of all, the child is prescribed a course of inhalation. For these purposes, a special ultrasonic inhaler is used.
Treatment can also be carried out using steam inhalation. Be sure to take precautions to prevent harm to the child: hot steam can burn the mucous membrane of the larynx and trachea. For inhalation using sea salt or any other alkaline substance recommended by a pediatrician or otolaryngologist.
If laryngotracheitis occurs in an acute form, then the doctor must prescribe the use of antibiotic pharmacological agents. Erespal is considered to be very effective. The dosage and duration of the course of treatment is determined only by the attending specialist.
When do you need emergency medical assistance?
There are cases when laryngotracheitis in children is accompanied by severe symptoms that are hazardous to health. In such cases, you need to call an ambulance. So, to resort to immediate assistance of doctors should be the manifestation of these symptoms:
- if inhalation is accompanied by uncharacteristic noise;
- if during exhalation parents hear a whistle;
- with lack of air (excessive shortness of breath);
- at change of color of integuments (sharp blanching);
- if during inhalation the fossa around the neck of the child falls heavily.
Tips of Dr. Komarovsky
As is well known, the leading pediatrician, TV presenter and author of books Komarovsky is not always in solidarity with specialists in the treatment of a particular disease. If we talk about children's laryngotracheitis, then Komarovsky insists that the pathology can be cured not by antibiotics, but by the proper regimen. The doctor advises to comply with bed rest, drink warm drinks in large quantities and breathe fresh air.
To prevent infection of the bronchi, you should start taking mucolytic drugs in a timely manner. Inhalation and physiological procedures should be carried out in the treatment of advanced forms of children's laryngotracheitis.
Features of the regimen during the treatment period
Parents should remember that the cure of children's laryngotracheitis depends largely on the proper organization of the treatment course. In addition to taking pharmacological agents and carrying out inhalation procedures, the following rules should be followed during the treatment period:
- Do not carry out inhalation procedures if the child has a fever;
- the temperature in the nursery should be about 22 °;
- the level of humidity in the room should be in the range of 50-65%;
- the child must make foot baths and give plenty of warm drink;
- It is important to strengthen the child’s immune system with vitamins by consuming juices, fruit drinks, for example, cranberry, compotes, or soda;
- need to follow a moderate diet;
- during the period of treatment it is necessary to exclude spicy, sour and salty foods, sugar and chocolate products.
How to cure laryngotracheitis with the help of folk remedies?
For the treatment of children's laryngotracheitis, you can resort to traditional medicine. The following medicinal recipes are considered to be absolutely harmless.
Recipe number 1
- 2 egg yolks;
Preparation and use:
- All ingredients need to be mixed and whipped carefully to get a homogeneous white mass.
- Give the mixture to a child with an interval of 3-4 hours throughout the day for 1 tsp.
Recipe number 2
- milk - 0.5 l;
- ground carrot - 100 g
Preparation and use:
- In the milk you need to add grated carrots and boil this mixture.
- The resulting product should be cooled and given to the child three times a day for 2 tsp.
Recipe number 3
- onion peel - 3 tsp;
- water - 1.5 l.
Preparation and use:
- Onion peel need to fill with water and put on fire.
- The mixture should be brought to a boil and boil for 5-7 minutes.
- Cooked broth should be infused for 3 hours.
- The mixture should be gargled twice a day.
Laryngotracheitis, as already mentioned, most often appears in childhood. At the manifestation of the slightest symptoms of the child should immediately show the attending pediatrician. Often this disease is confused with acute respiratory infections, so self-medication should not be.