Today it is fashionable to plant rare plants and shrubs in their country house. Thus, in many household plots a Japanese quince appeared, the benefits and harm of which are a mystery to most owners. But once about this amazing plant composed legends.
Mysterious Japanese Guest
Japanese quince (it is also called Henomeles) is a fruit with a thousand-year history. The first mention of it can be found in ancient Greek and Roman chronicles. In the wild, Henomeles is found in Asian countries - in China and Japan, hence its name.
Today, quince is popular with cooks of different nations and countries of the world. This fruit is a key component in the production of white elite wine brands Sauvignon Blanc, Chenin Blanc and even Chardonnay. In rainy England, it is served as a dessert to a fragrant cup of tea in the form of jam, jam or marmalade.
And although the fresh fruit is too hard and gives a strange and unpleasant bitterness, baked quince is simply delicious. Processing the pulp under the influence of high temperatures gives the fruit an unusual delicate notes of citrus, and its color magically changes from pale yellow to rich purple.
The Japanese quince grows in the form of a shrub, which in our country is most often used only as an element for decorating the backyard plot. But the true connoisseurs of the plant know that quince is famous for not at all for its amazingly beautiful flowers, but for its priceless fruits. They are actively used in traditional medicine and the production of some pharmaceuticals. Why is this fruit so useful?
Chaenomeles-san is not only an ornamental shrub
Those who have visited the Mediterranean countries at least once, walking through the local market, probably noticed green or yellow-pale fruit on the stalls of merchants that looked like an apple or a pear. Briefly describe the Japanese quince, we can distinguish two of its species. You will see them below in the photo:
- Pear-shaped Chaenomeles differs from its round counterparts in an oblong elongated shape. The weight of the fruit ranges from 50 to 250 g. The most common is such a shrub on the territory of Ukraine, in the Volga region and the Crimea.
- Apple variety can be found in the Caucasus, the Volga region and Dagestan. The shrub itself is notable for its short stature and high yield. And ripe fruits have juicy pulp and extraordinary aroma.
However, Chaenomeles is not at all appreciated for its appearance, but more so for its most valuable composition. Quince absolutely does not contain sodium, cholesterol and fat, instead it contains a huge amount of vitamins, copper, fiber and other useful micro-and macro elements.
Due to this interesting composition of the fruit, Japanese and Chinese doctors have been prescribing quinces for a long time for diarrhea, for normalization of the gastrointestinal tract, for muscle spasms and even cholera. And most importantly - it treats diseases of the joints and gout.
Other human organs and systems do not stand aside:
- Nervous system: Chaenomeles contains a huge amount of antioxidants, which not only fight free radicals, but also soothe the nerves, affect the psyche and help resist stress. Not surprisingly, this fruit is especially recommended for women with pronounced premenstrual syndrome.
- Pale yellow fruit will bring many benefits for immunity. In terms of its range of antiviral drugs and the amount of vitamin C, quince can become a worthy competitor to ascorbic and many immunostimulants.
- The circulatory system: iron and copper - the two main blood-forming elements, which, fortunately, in the quince can be found with interest. Due to this composition, the fruit is recommended to be eaten with anemia, pregnant women and even nursing moms.
Quince is also used for external treatment of eye diseases, as well as lotions and compresses for sore throat. Such a field as cosmetology has not bypassed her:
- quince slice will be an excellent natural skin whitener, visually reduce the size of inflammation and remove freckles;
- specially prepared decoction of the leaves of the shrub is used as a natural hair dye;
- in a company with egg yolk, sour cream or cream, the fruit’s flesh will become an effective moisturizing and toning facial mask.
You should not send even the cut quince peel into the trash can. It is useful for making homemade compote, jam or jam. In addition, the skin can always be slightly dried in the oven or in the sun and get a great ingredient for brewing tea, or simply add to herbal tincture for treating sore throat or bronchitis.
Precautions do not harm
As you can see, practically any part of this amazing shrub can be added to the case, and the exception, of course, is the roots and stems. However, the Japanese quince not only has useful properties, but also has its own contraindications:
- Chenomeles should not be consumed in the form of compote or juice in case of duodenal ulcers and stomach ulcers.
- It is strictly forbidden to eat a quince, even as a preventive measure, for various inflammations of the serous membranes covering the lungs.
- During the preparation of jam or when baking the fruit, you need to remove all the seeds from it, since they contain cyanide and can cause acute poisoning.
- Another contraindication for quince - a tendency to frequent constipation and intestinal obstruction.
- It is extremely rare to eat chhenomeles fruits that can lead to side effects such as temporary loss of voice and inflammation of the vocal cords.
- It is better for children to give quince in the form diluted with other fruits because of the increased content of hard fiber in it.
Japanese quince is not only a beautifully flowering ornamental shrub, but also a useful and indispensable product for a diet menu. However, do not treat this oriental guest as an ordinary fruit. Quince has a number of serious contraindications, and abusing fruit can cause irreparable harm to the body. Eat the fruits of Chaenomeles, not forgetting that the useful should be in moderation.