Human skin and mucous membranes are populated with a certain microflora, which can be normal and conditionally pathogenic. Under normal conditions, it does not bring any inconvenience, does not provoke diseases, but until a certain point. As soon as immunity ceases to inhibit the growth and reproduction of microorganisms, their growth begins. The class of conditionally pathogenic microflora includes fungi, which can cause a number of ailments.
"Itraconazole": instructions for use
Intraconazole is a synthetic antifungal agent that is designed to combat the causative agents of the following diseases:
- Dermatophytosis or mycoses, the causative agent of which are mold fungi. The disease is manifested by fungal infection of hair, nails, and skin. Symptoms of the disease - the formation of a specific plaque, dullness and brittleness of the nails and hair.
- Onychomycosis, mycoses, which are caused by a flaky fungus. Nail plates, smooth skin, folds, or long downy hair can be affected. Symptoms of the disease are the appearance on the skin of peeling pink spots of small diameter.
- Candidiasis, which is caused by yeast-like fungi Candida, is a well-known of thrush and mucous membranes of the mouth, vagina, etc.
The drug is indicated for use in all of the above diseases, and in cases where the causative agents of the disease are fungi. Moreover, often the drug is prescribed as a preventive measure, persons with weakened immunity and immunodeficiencies - HIV and AIDS, leukemia, cancer patients undergoing treatment, etc.
Contraindications include hypersensitivity to the components of the drug, the period of pregnancy and breastfeeding. In addition, the tool is incompatible with some drugs. For these reasons, before taking, you should consult with a specialist.
The dose and dosage regimen will depend on the disease, the goal of the therapy and the age of the patient. So with thrush in women, it is necessary to take the drug according to the following scheme: 1st day - 2 times a day, 200 mg, the next 3 days - once a dose of 200 mg.
For lesions of the skin, scalp and nails, itraconazole is taken once a week for 200m g, for the next 15 days 100 mg once. With the defeat of the nail plates - onychomycosis, when taking the drug, the response is achieved 6 to 9 months after completion of the course of treatment.
For prevention, the dosage of the drug is calculated based on body weight. This is done according to the following scheme - 5 mg per 1 kg per day. The resulting figure is divided in half into 2 steps.
During treatment, you must strictly follow the rules of personal hygiene, a certain diet that will not contribute to the growth of pathogenic fungi. In the case of thrush in women, both sexual partners should be treated, with a temporary rejection of sexual intercourse (for the duration of therapy).
Analogs of the drug
Analogues of the drug may be drugs from different manufacturers. For example, Rumikoz, Orungal, Kanditral, Rumikoz, Itrazol. All funds have the same active ingredient, but the form of release and pricing policy can be very different.
Drugs in this group are available on prescription. Before buying, you need to check the expiration date, since in some cases the agent can be taken for a long time.
Feedback from specialists and patients
According to the doctors, the drug has shown itself to be a good one in the treatment of many fungal infections, both with a short course of therapy and for a long time. A wide range of indications makes itraconazole versatile. But still there are disadvantages, namely the duration of treatment even for simple thrush in women. There are drugs that need to be taken once, just enough capsules / tablets for stopping the condition. But despite this, itraconazole distinguishes affordable price, especially compared to many others. antifungal drugs. Therefore, it is often used by doctors.
Whatever the diagnosis, and whatever the fungal pathogen, it is necessary to determine the sensitivity of the fungus to the drug. Only in this case it is possible to conduct high-quality treatment, which will not be delayed. With some fungal infections, time can play a significant role, and delay can provoke serious consequences that are difficult to treat. Therefore, at the first signs of such diseases, contact your doctor. Remember, self-medication is dangerous!