For accurate diagnosis of diseases of the abdominal cavity, the most informative procedure is ultrasound. Conducting the study, as well as decoding the results depend on the qualifications of the doctor, but the preparation for the analysis falls on the shoulders of the patient. First of all, it concerns the issue of nutrition. What before an abdominal ultrasound can eat and drink?
Doctors appreciate ultrasound for high accuracy results. This procedure allows you to look inside the abdominal cavity and get an idea of the state and functionality of the stomach, liver, gall and other organs of this area. The study is prescribed not only to identify abnormalities and a more accurate diagnosis, but also to assess the dynamics of treatment.
Features of the procedure
When conducting ultrasound, it is important to consider one anatomical feature - the state of the colon and small intestine. This body is practically not amenable to ultrasound, since it is not characterized by the ability to reflect sound waves. In this regard, doctors can detect only serious changes in its structure, but the problem is not only that. The presence of gases or fecal masses, as well as spasms, prevent the obtaining of reliable results from the examination of other organs. That is why it is so important on the eve of the analysis to take care of the right diet and find out what you can eat in front of an abdominal ultrasound, so that the intestine does not become an obstacle to compiling an objective picture of health.
Food regime on the eve of ultrasound
Many patients wonder if they can eat before an abdominal ultrasound. Of course, yes, because food is a source of energy for the body. But some restrictions are still required. The preparatory stage should be started 3-4 days before the procedure.
What products are excluded?
The basic principle of the menu is that those products are removed from it that cause gas formation, irritate the intestinal fibers and provoke fermentation processes in it. Thus, the following are excluded from the diet:
- milk, kefir, sour cream, ryazhenka (due to the possible lack of a special enzyme, the breakdown of milk sugar - lactose - will provoke gases and fermentation);
- fruits that contain bloating fructose (apples of all varieties, soft pears, nectarines and peaches);
- vegetables (onions, potatoes, asparagus, white cabbage, cauliflower) due to the high content of complex carbohydrates - difficult to digest polysaccharides;
- broadly irritating intestinal walls;
- fatty meats, fish, as these foods prevent gas from escaping;
- spices and spices causing cramps.
Bread was not listed in the list, but not at all because it is allowed in ordinary quantities. The fact is that the polysaccharides that make up this product are vital for the body, but their content in flour products is very high. Therefore, it is recommended to reduce the consumption of such baking to 2-3 small slices per day. It is important to consider another nuance: you should eat only white bread, completely eliminating rye and sweet bakery products from the menu.
What can and can not drink?
Is it possible to drink before abdominal ultrasound procedure? A couple of hours before the ultrasound can not (except in special cases, which we will say a little later), but in general, the drinking regime also needs to be adjusted. For this excluded:
- carbonated beverages that cause intestinal swelling;
- coffee that affects peristalsis;
- fermentation provoking alcohol.
But it is necessary to drink food, and for this, the daily menu includes up to 1.5 liters of liquid:
- weak unsweetened tea;
Having decided on the answer to the question of whether it is possible, in principle, to eat before an ultrasound examination of abdominal organs, as well as defining a list of restrictions, it makes sense to dwell on permitted products. These include:
- pudding cooked in water (oatmeal, rice, buckwheat);
- boiled veal, chicken and other poultry;
- steam fish;
- hard cheese;
- 1 boiled boiled chicken egg (1 time per day).
It is necessary to eat in small portions in 5-6 receptions per day, chewing food thoroughly. It is very important that the last meal was 10-12 hours before the scheduled study. However, in cases where the analysis is scheduled for the daytime, you can eat something for breakfast. Immediately 3-4 hours before the ultrasound, the patient can not eat or drink anything. True, if the doctor looks at the organs of the small pelvis or kidney, then to create contrast, you may need to drink about 2 liters of water before the procedure.
How to help the body prepare?
The main task of the preparatory stage is not to provoke gas formation and accumulation of food masses in the intestine. And in this case, one diet is not enough - you need to take care of cleansing the digestive tract. Of course, constipation in this case is not something that is undesirable, but contraindicated. Therefore, doctors recommend before taking an ultrasound using the following preparations:
- relieving stools (for example, bisacodil candles);
- relieving from gravity (Festal tablets);
- eliminating gases (Espumizan dragee).
The preparatory stage is very important for any analyzes. Therefore, following the advice of physicians about what you can eat in front of an abdominal ultrasound scan, and what products you should refrain from, you will be sure that the results obtained are objective. In addition, such a mini-diet perfectly helps to clean the intestines from toxins.