The large intestine is populated with beneficial bacteria, which play a huge role in metabolic processes, as well as contribute to the resistance of the whole organism to pathogenic microbes. In case of violation of the intestinal microflora, the treating specialist diagnoses intestinal dysbiosis. Symptoms, treatment in adults of this disease, we will discuss in our article.
The causes of the development of dysbiosis
Previously, treating specialists did not consider dysbacteriosis a serious pathology. This is due to the fact that the intestinal microflora has not been studied properly. Today, every adult knows that for the full health of the whole body and the normal functioning of vital systems, it is necessary to maintain a balance in the intestinal microflora. The beneficial bacteria that inhabit the large intestine are not only involved in metabolism, but also responsible for our immune system.
In medical practice there are many reasons that can cause the development of dysbiosis. The main ones are considered to be:
- taking antibiotic pharmacological drugs;
- prolonged adherence to a strict diet;
- smoking and drinking alcohol;
- the presence of parasites in the body;
- dysfunction of the digestive tract;
- development of intestinal infections;
- improper or too frequent bowel cleansing.
With the development of various pathologies, treating specialists are often prescribed antibiotics to patients. As is known, the action of these drugs is aimed at the destruction of pathogenic microorganisms. However, unbalanced and excessive intake of such drugs may trigger the development of dysbacteriosis.
The development of intestinal imbalance may be preceded by parasites. The fact is that roundworms, pinworms and other types of parasites crowd out beneficial bacteria, literally gaining a dominant position in the intestines.
The presence of pathology in any part of the digestive tract can also cause dysbacteriosis. To maintain the intestinal microflora in a healthy state, all digestive organs must function fully: allocate the required amount of bile, enzymes and gastric juice. Otherwise, the digestive process is disturbed and intestinal dysbiosis takes place.
Of course, periodic bowel cleansing is necessary to get rid of toxins and harmful substances. However, this should be done carefully and correctly. If it is irrational and too often to use adsorbing agents or to do enemas, then along with pathogenic microbes and substances from the intestine, it is possible to wash out beneficial bacteria, which leads to the development of dysbacteriosis.
Compliance with strict diets is one of the most common causes of dysbiosis among women in the beautiful half of humanity. In order for the intestines to be inhabited by beneficial bacteria, proteins, carbohydrates and fats must be eaten in the right quantity. Otherwise, the intestinal microflora for the development of insufficient dietary fiber and beneficial bacteria begin to die.
Recently, intestinal infections do not appear too often. However, in 100% of cases, such a disease is accompanied by dysbiosis. Such disorders can cause a violation of intestinal microflora:
Intestinal dysbiosis: symptoms, treatment in adults, reviews
Dysbacteriosis is characterized by specific symptoms, in particular:
- discomfort in different segments of the abdomen;
- feeling of heaviness and rumbling in the stomach, especially after eating certain food groups;
- uncharacteristic excessive gassing;
- stool dysfunction (constipation or, conversely, diarrhea);
- severe weight loss;
- unpleasant taste in the mouth.
Symptoms of dysbiosis can accompany a person constantly or have a periodic nature, for example, occur after a meal. It is possible to suspect the development of dysbacteriosis only in the presence of more than 2/3 of specific signs.
If primary symptoms appear, you should consult a doctor and be examined, because against the background of dysbacteriosis other pathologies and complicated consequences may develop, in particular:
- anal fissure fissures;
- intoxication of the whole organism;
- liver dysfunction, etc.
If, along with the above symptoms, a person experiences severe pain or an unpleasant and even bitter taste in the mouth, you should not hesitate to visit a doctor in any case. Such symptoms may signal the development of ulcerative processes in the intestines.
When diagnosing dysbiosis, the treatment regimen is selected individually. The goal of any treatment course is to colonize the intestinal microflora with beneficial bacteria, as well as to normalize the metabolic processes and the functioning of all organs of the digestive tract.
Generally speaking, the scheme of treatment of dysbacteriosis in adults is as follows:
- Acceptance of pharmacological drugs that have antibacterial effects. Such drugs can be prescribed by the attending specialist in the development of pathologies of the small intestine, as well as in the presence of inflammatory or infectious processes.
- After taking drugs that have eliminated pathogenic microorganisms, adsorbing agents or so-called enterosorbents can be administered. They are necessary for removing dead bacteria and viruses from the intestines.
- At the next stage, the attending specialist prescribes drugs that contribute to the natural development of complete intestinal microflora. These pharmacological agents include multienzyme, hepatoprotective and choleretic substances.
- At the subsequent stage, it is the final one, the doctor prescribes the reception of synbiotics, pro-and prebiotics.
Along with the restoration of normal microflora containing only beneficial bacteria, the patient is recommended to take pharmacological agents that have an immunostimulating effect. Due attention should be paid to replenishing the body's vitamin reserves.
Folk remedies to help
As it is known, many of us prefer to traditional medicine various herbal remedies. Do not forget that the treatment will be effective only if you pass it under the supervision of the attending specialist, as well as combining medical drugs and traditional medicine.
Herbalists advise for the treatment of intestinal dysbiosis in adults to eat the following foods:
Garlic is considered the most powerful natural antibiotic remedy, since it contains many useful micro and macro elements. There is an opinion that garlic not only copes with the symptoms of dysbiosis, but also allows you to get rid of parasitic microorganisms. However, it is impossible to use garlic as a medicine for people suffering from ulcerative pathologies of the digestive tract and renal failure.
Honey, as well as other bee products, are considered excellent means in the fight against intestinal disorders. It is honey in its component composition has about two hundred useful elements that have antimicrobial and healing effects. Sugar in sufficient quantity contains food enzymes that normalize the digestive process.
As for fermented milk products, especially kefir, they are one of the sources of beneficial lactobacilli that must inhabit the healthy intestinal microflora. But from the whole cow's milk in the period of the disease dysbacteriosis should be abandoned.
To help cope with dysbiosis, decoctions of plant components help, in particular:
- calamus root;
- rose hips;
What do patients say?
In various forums you can find information about how to cure dysbiosis. People who have already experienced such a disease share their experiences. In most reviews, it is recommended to contact a gastroenterologist and undergo treatment exclusively under his control.
In some reviews, people share their opinion that, along with taking pharmacological preparations, traditional medicine has helped them. In any case, consultation with a doctor with such intestinal pathology is a must.
If the primary symptoms of dysbacteriosis appear, you should definitely contact your doctor. As already mentioned, improper treatment or even its absence can lead to the development of complicated consequences. Our health depends on the state of the intestine, in particular its microflora. In order to inhabit the intestinal environment only with beneficial bacteria, one should lead a healthy lifestyle and eat the right foods. Be healthy!