Uric acid is the final product of the decomposition of purine bases in humans. If the food purines come in small or normal amounts, the acid is successfully excreted in the urine. In this case, there are no problems and metabolic disorders. But often people have a high level of uric acid in the blood. This happens when you consume large amounts of foods rich in purines.
This leads to an imbalance of acids and alkalis. A lot of purines are found in food of animal origin. If such foods predominate in the human diet, he will increase the risk of an increase in uric acid levels.
In medicine, this condition is called hyperuricemia. If you do not normalize the balance of acid and do not begin treatment at this stage, it is deposited in the cartilage tissues and joints, which will entail numerous inflammatory processes in the body.
Why does the amount of uric acid in the blood increase?
If a person has a balanced diet, about 600 mg of uric acid is produced daily in his body. Most of it (400 mg) is excreted in the urine, and the rest is in the intestines.
The normal concentration of this substance in the blood of men is not more than 55 mg / l, and in women - 40 mg / l. If the amount of acid is more than 70 mg / l, doctors diagnose "hyperuricemia." With the onset of menopause, women experience a slight increase in this indicator in the blood, and at this time 45 mg / l will be the norm. Hyperuricemia occurs when the concentration of this substance is increased to 60 mg / l. Most often, this condition develops in men. Women are less susceptible to such an exchange disorder. An increase in uric acid can be observed with prolonged sports loads, fasting and a low-calorie diet.
The main causes of hyperuricemia:
- A large number of purines in the daily diet. Food, mainly animal products.
- Kidney disease. With such pathologies, uric acid is not excreted from the body in full and is deposited in it.
- The absence from birth of hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase - an enzyme that participates in the exchange of purine bases and uric acid. This pathology occurs infrequently.
Conditions that lead to an increase in blood uric acid levels:
- Overweight and obesity
- Lack of vitamin b12
- Diseases of the parathyroid glands
- Barrel malfunction
- Diseases of the heart and blood vessels
- Increased body acidity
Medication: diuretics, drugs for tuberculosis, aspirin, cancer chemotherapy.
High blood uric acid over a long period leads to the following diseases:
- Urolithiasis disease
- Blood pressure increase
- Angina pectoris
- Myocardial infarction
- Heart rhythm disorders
How to reduce uric acid in the blood: folk remedies
To reduce the amount of uric acid in the blood can be with the help of drugs. Often patients are prescribed the drug "Allopurinol". Its mechanism of action is to block the conversion of purines into uric acid.
There are many ways to get rid of hyperuricemia with herbal infusions. Traditional medicine can be very effective if you have not too high levels of uric acid in the blood, but there is a risk of its increase. Phytopreparations are sometimes prescribed together with traditional treatment and to prevent the development of a pathological condition.
- Infusion based on cowberry leaves. Take 1 tsp. dried leaves and fill them with 1 tbsp. boiling water. Cover and wrap, prepare the infusion for about 30 minutes. After straining, take every hour for 1 sip.
- Fresh nettle juice will also help reduce the amount of uric acid and accelerate its excretion in the urine. Squeeze the juice from fresh leaves and drink it undiluted by 1 tsp. 3 times a day.
- A decoction of birch leaves accelerates the excretion of uric acid and normalizes the body's acid-base balance. To prepare it, take 2 tbsp. l dried or fresh young birch leaves. Pour them 2 tbsp. boiling water. Cook on low heat for about 10 minutes. Then remove from heat and leave for 40 minutes in a sealed container. Strain the broth and drink it to 1/3 of Art. before meals for 20 minutes. The optimal number of receptions - 3 per day.
- Red madder root with hyperuricemia taken orally in the form of a weak decoction. To make it, you need to take 1 tsp. dried and crushed root of this plant and pour 1 tbsp. boiling water. The infusion is boiled on low heat for about 10 minutes, and then infused for 1 hour. This portion is for 1 day of treatment. Strained broth should be divided into 2 equal parts and 1 taken in the morning, and the second - in the evening.
- Onion decoction to improve the condition and reduce the level of uric acid should be taken within 2 weeks. To prepare it, take 2 medium sized bulbs. Do not peel them, but simply rinse thoroughly. Cook on low heat, pour 1 liter of pure water, until the onion is completely boiled. Then strain and cool the broth. You need to drink 3 times a day before eating food for 20 minutes. After a two-week course, it is recommended to take a break, and if the alarming symptoms reappear, the treatment can be repeated.
- Many people who have tried various methods of traditional medicine have noted high efficacy in hyperuricemia of highlander grass. This plant has an irritant effect on the mucous membrane of the stomach, so it is recommended to use it in the form of fees with other herbs. Prepare a mixture of dried and chopped herbs: 1 tbsp. l Highlander herbs, 2 tbsp. l leaves of strawberry and black currant. Fill this collection with 3 tbsp. boiling water and leave for 3 hours. Then strain and cool. Take 2 tbsp. l Infusion 3 times a day before meals.
Diet with elevated uric acid: key principles
With a slight increase in the level of uric acid in the blood, it is enough just to normalize the diet. Some time after switching to a special diet, the indicator in blood tests will be lowered or normal. Completely have to exclude the following foods:
- Coffee and chocolate
- Fresh grapes and all products from it (raisins, wines and brandy)
- Chicken, fish and meat broths
- Raw smoked products
- Legumes (beans, soybeans, peas, etc.)
- Nuts and seeds
- Offal (for example, liver, kidney, heart, etc.)
- Cakes and pastries with different types of creams
- Fried fish (any)
- Whole milk
- Sorrel greens and lettuce leaves
- Turnip and radish
- Pork and any dishes from it
- Products containing preservatives (canned)
It is necessary to limit the use:
- Cooked smoked products
- Tomatoes - no more than 2-3 pieces. in a day
- Barley and Chicory Based Coffee Drinks
- Parsley and onion
- Lard and animal fats
- Alcoholic beverages of any kind
- Milk porridge, milk in tea
It is very useful to eat:
- Peeled potatoes cooked in any way
- Boiled meat and fish
- Boiled and then baked rabbit, chicken and turkey meat
- Green apples of different varieties
- Pumpkin and carrot
- Cucumbers and white cabbage
- Cottage cheese, kefir, sour cream
- Garlic and onion
- Lemons and other citrus fruits
- White and black bread
- Dill greens
- Eggs, but not more than 3 pcs. in Week
- Green or herbal tea
- Various vegetable oils, especially olive
An increase in blood uric acid is not a dangerous condition. But so that it does not turn into serious diseases, you need to follow simple recommendations on nutrition and follow a diet. Products that are prohibited, it is desirable to exclude forever, and do not take them in food, even after the amount of uric acid in the blood comes back to normal.