It happens that sometimes a child has rounded pink spots on the skin, which cause parents to be perplexed. Most of these spots are most often a sign of a fungal infection of the skin. This common pathology is called lichen, and it develops mainly in children under 12 years of age. How to treat versicolor in a person?
What you need to know about lichen?
Before proceeding to the treatment of depriving a person, let's find out in general some details of this disease. Deprive is a type of skin disease that is caused by dermatophyte fungi. The place where these fungi parasitize is the hair, and with it the lichen can spread to different parts of the body. It is a benign, but very contagious infection, which mainly affects children under the age of 12, however, cases of infection of high school students, as well as adults, are not excluded.
As already mentioned, initially versicolor develops on the hair. When the mushrooms penetrate the hair, they make them fragile and cause the death of the bulbs. Hair starts to fall out. That is why this fungal disease has received the name ringworm.
It spreads from person to person, as well as from animals - dogs, cats, rabbits, horses. However, there are types of lichen, such as shingles, which are of viral origin and affect a person at the moment when his immune defense is in a weakened state.
As a rule, the term ringworm is a group of skin fungal pathologies. But not always the cause of the disease is direct contact with an infected subject. This should be considered when deciding on the approach to treatment.
The following symptoms accompany the disease:
- skin lesions in the form of reddish spots in the shoulders, abdomen, legs, on the head, sometimes even nails are damaged;
- when the disease is just beginning, pale pink lichen patches predominate on the skin, almost always with flaky skin;
- There are some cases of lichen with fever, chills and enlarged lymph nodes.
The main question is how to treat the lichen? Only a qualified specialist will be able to determine the type of lesion deprived and prescribe the appropriate method of treatment. A common mistake of many parents is to assume that a disease with such symptoms is no worse than cat's depriving, so they begin to independently treat the child with grandmother’s methods. In case of luck, the child will recover, and if not, the disease will worsen and go into the chronic stage.
From a medical point of view, the following types of lichens are distinguished:
- color - it is observed in half of all cases of disease;
- the most common type of lichen is red flat;
- occurring much less frequently in children, but requiring more time for treatment is deprived of the girdle type;
- Pink lichen is the simplest form and can be easily cured in home care in five to seven days.
Despite the fact that all types of the disease have similar symptoms, their treatment requires different approaches.
This is the most common type of disease. Tonsolithiasis occurs as a result of a fungal infection. The incubation period of the disease is about one week. This lichen requires immediate treatment at the first manifestations.
Usually, the skin on the shoulders, back or chest is affected. Less commonly, lichen appears on the face and neck. Lichen spots of this type are multi-colored with pink, reddish, lemon, burgundy or brown shades. Very often, all the spots are connected, forming a whole area with a flaky surface.
Treatment of a person from a multi-colored lesion is quite long and is carried out under medical supervision. As a rule, topical drugs are used, such as sulfuric or salicylic ointments, antifungal solutions, for example, Clotrimazole. And when skin lesions become too large, antibiotics or Ketoconazole tablets are prescribed.
Flat Type Lishai
This is a very rare type of skin lesions. This type of disease is often chronic, difficult to treat, because the nature of the disease is not fully understood. There are three theories regarding the nature of the disease:
- neurogenic character;
Distinctive signs of flat lichen - red bubbles on the skin with a liquid content. Usually such damage itches and brings discomfort. Lesions are localized on the hands, abdomen, less often in the mouth on the inside of the cheeks.
The treatment of lishaplaskogo type in humans is carried out in the form of complex therapy, which is designed to eliminate discomfort with the help of drugs of local action. A hospital examination and immuno-corrective measures are also scheduled. In the treatment of lichen planus in humans, sedatives, anti-inflammatory creams based on corticosteroids, physiotherapy in the form of hydrogen sulfide baths are used.
The disease begins with the skin of the shoulders, in the neck, on the back, where there are patches of pale pink without inflammation. After a while, the affected areas acquire yellow and brown hues. Without proper treatment, this type of lichen in two or three days will manifest itself on the face, arms and legs.
How to treat tinea versicolor in a person? First of all, antifungal agents are prescribed in various dosage forms - in the form of solutions, lotions, sprays. In severe cases of the disease, oral preparations are prescribed, for example, Fluconazole, ointments of the type such as Zalain, based on sertaconazole, as well as medical shampoos.
Shingles is viral in nature. This virus can be in the human body for quite a long time and does not manifest itself in any way. In autumn or spring, when the immune system is weakened, the virus is activated and its rapid development begins. The patient has a severe headache, chills, body temperature rises. After some time, red painful blisters with liquid form on the skin.
How to treat shingles in a person? Effective are measures aimed at anesthesia, detoxification of the body and prevent the spread of infection. For this purpose, immunoglobulin, non-narcotic analgesics, tranquilizers are used. Antibiotics are prescribed for bacterial relapses of the disease.
Lishai pink type
As a rule, in case of pink lichen, the skin on the stomach, back, legs and arms is affected. It is a pale pink spot of rounded shape with dry scaly skin on the surface. The main feature of pink lichen is that at the beginning of the disease a large spot is formed, at the edge of which very soon small spots begin to appear, which are accompanied by itching in half of the cases. Children with rosy lichen very often experience cold symptoms.
How to treat pink shingles in a person? Therapy involves the use of antihistamines, such as "Citrine" or "Suprastin", as well as local means - water-oil mixtures. Recommended anti-allergic diet.
When treating depriving a pink-type ointment in humans, they are used in case of exacerbation of the disease with significant lesions of the skin. Creams based on hormones produced by the adrenal cortex are prescribed.
Adults should understand that the disease is deprived - the disease is very contagious. That is why the person who has symptoms of the disease, for the entire period of treatment must be isolated, eliminating any contact. The patient should not visit places of large concentrations of people: baths, saunas, swimming pools.
When symptoms of deprivation appear, one should resort to the help of a dermatologist and start the appropriate therapy as soon as possible. Since lichen is a fungal disease, the source of the pathology is the spores of the fungus. It is very important that all personal hygiene items are subject to daily processing, as well as the bedding of the patient.
Do not forget to strengthen the immune system, lead a healthy lifestyle and eat right. Take care and be healthy!