Probably, every person experienced all the "charms" of the disease, which is called stomatitis. This is a disease characterized by an inflamed and painful oral cavity. Stomatitis can interfere with a person’s ability to chew food and talk. It can occur on the inside of the cheek, gums, tongue and under it, as well as on the lips and palate. It is possible to get sick at any age. Let's look at how to treat stomatitis in the mouth in adults.
Causes and symptoms of the appearance of the disease
Stomatitis is manifested by symptoms such as:
- inflammation and redness of the oral mucosa;
- the appearance of painful ulcers;
- possible manifestation of herpes on the lips, as well as on the gums and palate.
The manifestation of stomatitis can wear a soft and local form, or be heavy and widespread as well as painful. An increase in the temperature threshold of the body, intoxication. All these symptoms interfere with the normal consumption of food, which can lead to dehydration or malnutrition.
Stomatitis can be triggered by local infections, systemic disease, irritation or damage, having a physical or chemical nature, it can also be spontaneous manifestation. Normal salivation protects the oral mucosa from many troubles, the occurrence of dryness in the oral cavity predisposes the occurrence of stomatitis.
Consider the possible causes of the disease:
- aphthous stomatitis;
- herpes virus (simple and shingles);
- fungal and bacterial infections;
- radiation therapy;
- exposure to tobacco, irritants or chemicals.
In addition, the following factors may contribute to the occurrence of stomatitis:
- taking pharmaceuticals;
- unhealthy diet;
- stressful situations;
- sleep disturbance;
- sudden weight loss.
The development of stomatitis can also be caused by a weakening of the immune system, changes at the hormonal level, vitamin deficiency, genetic predisposition, allergic manifestations.
How and what to treat stomatitis in the mouth in adults?
If you first encountered this pathology, then before you start taking any medications, you need to establish the cause of its occurrence, and for this you need to decide which doctor treats stomatitis. You need to start with a dentist.
The doctor must determine the history of the disease. To do this, he will find out the time of the first symptoms, as well as note the presence or absence of pain. In the diagnosis of the disease are important factors such as:
- temporary correlation of symptoms;
- the presence of influence of third-party factors, for example, exposure to chemicals, vapors, dust, metals associated with industrial activities;
- the possibility of the influence of past diseases (including chronic), methods and drugs that were used to treat them;
- the influence of bad habits;
- social factors.
If the result of the survey is the absence of signs or risk factors corresponding to a systemic disease, then additional tests will not be required. Otherwise, there is a need for laboratory tests for diagnostic purposes.
Allergic stomatitis: diagnosis and treatment
One of the causes of stomatitis may be an allergic reaction of the body to the ingress of an allergen. The causes of the disease include the administration of drugs - antibiotics and other antibacterial agents. Often in such cases, stomatitis is a delayed reaction that occurs after a 20-day period.
In addition, the pathways of entry of the antigen into the body can be food, as well as direct contact with the oral mucosa - this concerns allergies to the materials from which dentures (metals, plastics) are made.
Of great importance in the treatment of this type of stomatitis is a timely visit to the doctor and the implementation of his appointments:
- taking antihistamines or hormonal drugs, depending on the severity of the disease;
- the use of ointments containing corticosteroids;
- elimination of direct contact with the allergen;
The diet should not include spicy and sour foods, you should avoid foods that can irritate the oral mucosa.
Treatment of herpetic stomatitis
One of the common causes of stomatitis is the herpes virus. It is in the body of each person and manifests itself with a weakened immune system. First, in the oral cavity, as well as on the lips, placers of small bubbles filled with liquid are formed, then they burst and groups of irregularly shaped sores appear, which are covered with whitish bloom. In the treatment of herpetic stomatitis use antiviral drugs.
Aphthous stomatitis: how to treat?
One of the most common types of stomatitis is aphthous. It manifests itself by the formation of ulcers - aft on the mucous membrane of the oral cavity. They can be either single or multiple, round or oval in shape, and have dimensions of up to 7 mm.
There are acute and chronic forms of this disease. The first is common malaise and fever. In the treatment of aphthous stomatitis use antibacterial and antihistamines, immunostimulants.
Treatment of candidal stomatitis
The cause of the development of candidal stomatitis is the infection of the body with a fungus, which can also be promoted by a decrease in immunity. This disease is accompanied by the presence on the mucous membrane of the organs of the oral cavity of a cheesy white coating, under which erosive patches are observed.
Bits, cracks in the corners of the lips, dry mouth are also companions of candidal stomatitis. Antifungal drugs, as well as immunostimulants, must be prescribed for its treatment.
An adult or child who suffers from stomatitis must first visit the doctor, who, after examining and diagnosing, will prescribe local or general treatment. And only after consulting with the doctor, you can begin antiseptic procedures, the treatment of the oral cavity with gels and sprays, carry out rehabilitation and take pharmaceutical preparations. Health to you!