No one is immune from the cold, however, if an adult understands what caused and how to cope with this problem, the newborn not only has no opportunity to say what caused his rhinitis, but also somehow alleviate his condition. Worst of all, babies are very vulnerable because of the inability to find the best medicine for them and the lack of natural defenses. How to treat snot in a child up to a year?
Why does a newborn have a runny nose?
There is no point in treating the snot directly: even if the mucus stops moving away from the nasal passages, there is no guarantee that this will ease the baby’s condition. The nose may remain stuffy, or the child may be disturbed by something else, more dangerous. Therefore, if a child who has not yet turned 1 year old, snot flowing stream, you must first figure out what caused them. And it is with this prerequisite to start the fight.
- The simplest runny nose that does not pose a danger is the one that most often accompanies active crying, when abundant fluid from the lacrimal canals provokes inflammation of the nasal mucosa. It is enough to ensure that the baby does not choke with his own snot, i.e. clean your nose in time, and try to calm it down.
- In infants, a runny nose is sometimes a natural process at the time of activation of the salivary glands (at the age of 1-2 months of life), as well as teething. No treatment is required, the condition is normalized independently.
- Allergic rhinitis is possible, which is a reaction to dust, pollen, household chemicals, any odors or food. Often at the same time, the baby often sneezes, his breathing is difficult with his nose, and the mucus, which separates from the nasal passages, does not have a color, is absolutely transparent and very fluid. Here it is necessary to find an allergen, otherwise all therapeutic actions will be a "war with windmills."
- An infectious runny nose, of course, causes the most problems and is the most dangerous: prolonged rhinitis turns into sinusitis and often causes complications in the form of otitis. It is necessary to recognize the disease even at the stage of a sniffing nose, from which the snot begins to flow: first, the whites, gradually they become yellowish and then greenish, become thicker and more abundant. A baby in this state usually cannot breathe through his nose, which interferes with his sleep and feeding procedure.
In order to talk about the latter - the most difficult - case, one should pay attention to additional symptoms: temperature increase even up to 37 degrees (if this is not a short-term phenomenon during dentition), increased discharge of mucous secretions, cough and wheezing in the throat. All of these points indicate an infection with which it is urgent to begin the fight.
How to treat rhinitis in a child up to a year?
Therapy for infants almost does not involve the use of drugs, because at this age it is impossible to predict the body's response to artificial drugs. If you have to turn to medicines, they do it only under the supervision of a doctor. Parents themselves should be engaged in strengthening the general immunity of their children and alleviating their condition.
- Do not use for the treatment of snot in a child who is 1 year old (or less), vasoconstrictor drugs: firstly, it will cause the mucous membranes to dry, and secondly, the probability of an allergic reaction is high. So that the baby does not have any problems with breathing, it is necessary to suck the mucus from the nasal passages with a special “pear”, as well as to massage the points on the wings of the nose.
- Nebulizer inhalations can also be used to treat the respiratory tract. You can use the classic steam inhaler, which poured herbal decoction, but here it is important to take care that the child does not get burned with hot steam.
- Rinsing the nose with seawater (saline, low concentration) allows to disinfect the mucous membrane, dry it and relieve nasal congestion. Among such drugs, Aqualoise and Aquamaris have proven themselves well, but you can simply dilute 1 tsp. coarse salt in 1 liter of warm water. The smallest is recommended not to do the washing, but to put in the nasal passages, soaked cotton swabs in salt water for 5-10 minutes. The same liquid can be instilled 1-2 drops up to 5-6 times a day.
Summing up, it is worth once again to draw your attention to the fact that treatment should be directed not at the snot, but at their root cause, and should be carried out according to the established diagnosis. It is not recommended to use drugs, with the exception of salt solutions, without the observation of a physician, and it is better not to resort to vasoconstrictor unless absolutely necessary.