Psoriasis is an inflammatory skin disease that is characterized by rashes and scaling. According to statistics, psoriasis is one of the most common skin diseases. Worldwide, about 4 percent of the population suffers from this pathology, regardless of age.
The first symptoms of this disease may appear in very young children, literally from 4 months of birth. Most often the disease is recorded in persons aged 20 to 45 years.
Psoriasis: causes and symptoms
To date, there is no clear understanding of the causes of psoriasis. To provoke a disease at any time. The treatment can be long or permanent, in other situations, psoriasis can go away on its own and without a trace.
The mysteriousness of the disease made the physicians actively study this pathology, after which some regularities of the disease, features of the course of psoriasis, etc. were highlighted. It is worth remembering that the development and course of the disease depends solely on the patient himself.
In the occurrence of a disease, the genetic factor is important - it can be inherited. According to the data, if one of the parents suffers from scaly depriving (one of the names of psoriasis), then the child’s risk of developing pathology rises to 70 percent.
In the occurrence of psoriasis, so-called trigger mechanisms, of which there are a huge number, are of great importance. This group includes skin injuries, infectious diseases, unhealthy diet, stress, side effects of drugs, climate change, etc.
The oldest theory is infectious. According to her, the cause of psoriasis lies in the defeat of the skin by various pathogens - bacteria, viruses, fungi. But after conducting research, no specific microorganisms characteristic of a particular pathology were identified. But the link was established between the infectious diseases of the autumn-winter period and the occurrence of the disease.
Experts say that provoke psoriasis, can any allergic reaction, and that it is a trigger. This opinion is expressed infectious-allergic theory. In some cases, the catalyst of the disease is metabolic disorders. This theory is proved by the fact that in the early stages of patients with the process of metabolism slows down.
Mental injuries and various kinds of stressful situations, the presence of permanent foci of infection play their role in the occurrence of pathology. Alcohol abuse can cause illness. If he is already diagnosed, alcohol, in any quantity, can shorten the periods of remission.
Psoriasis treatment: how to choose an effective method?
Sometimes, psoriasis does not require any treatment, but this is quite rare. The main goal is to achieve long-term remission and get rid of rashes. When treating psoriasis, it is necessary to individually approach each clinical case and take into account the features of the course of the disease.
When developing a treatment plan, the doctor takes into account the type of psoriasis, the stage of its development, the general condition of the patient, age, climate change, etc. In any case, the treatment of psoriasis is complex, which includes the appointment of medications, adherence to work and rest, reducing the effects of precipitating factors, following a specific diet. In some cases, shown resort therapy, which often turns out to be particularly effective.
The most common treatment for psoriasis begins with the use of external agents. They are mainly represented by powders, talkers. These dosage forms penetrate the skin and, through the system of small blood vessels, enter the bloodstream, following its current to other organs, having a general positive effect. Ointments, patches and pastes have a deeper effect.
Ointments that are prescribed for the treatment of psoriasis, have a fatty basis. When prescribing this type of drug, the doctor may not take into account what kind of rash in the patient, but it is mandatory to take into account their shape and degree of skin lesions.
Accordingly, all ointments can be divided into exfoliating, pruritic, emollient, absorbable and anti-inflammatory. Funds are based on petrolatum, vegetable fats, lard, lanolin, etc. As medicinal components can be used: ichthyol, menthol, various alkalis and salts, preparations of tar and sulfur.
For progressive psoriasis, ointments based on lard and lanolin are recommended. In addition to the composition of such funds includes salicylic or boric acid and naphthalene in small quantities. Ointments act gently and gently, quickly soothe skin itching.
They can be used exclusively by doctor's prescription, which will take into account the peculiarities of the course of psoriasis and select the most optimal type of medicine, based on their clinical picture.
Not less effective are ointments based on grease, which has a therapeutic effect, both in pure and synthetic form. Such compositions are widely used and can be used for any form of scaly depriving.
Preparations with naphthalene content also have an anti-inflammatory effect. This component in addition to the anti-inflammatory effect, has a peeling, mild analgesic effect and relieves skin itching. But, despite the excellent results in treatment, ointments on this basis have some contraindications. They are forbidden to use for people with sensitive skin, anemia, hypertension.
Hormonal drugs are used only in the progressive stage of psoriasis and give only a temporary effect, and in most cases cosmetic. Prolonged use of hormonal agents can provoke various complications, such as skin atrophy, the appearance of pale spots, etc.
Phytopreparations can be used as external (ointments, mixes for compresses, lotions, various baths), and internal (attitudes and decoctions).
It is worth remembering that such funds - a great addition to the main treatment. In any case, before using folk recipes, you should consult with a specialist, because some components of ointments or baths can cause allergies.
- Recipes for the preparation of therapeutic agents a huge amount. This may be a lotion made from pumpkin - 0.5 kg of pumpkin, must be ground until a homogeneous, pasty mass is obtained, with the help of gauze applied to the affected areas.
- You can also make an ointment based on aloe juice and honey. Connect 1 tbsp. l These products, add to the mixture of 3 tbsp. l eucalyptus oil. The resulting composition is stored in a container with dark walls.
- For the treatment of the affected skin is recommended to use melt water. For making ice, you can use ordinary tap water. According to the recommendation of the doctor, it may be a certain mineral water. It is worth remembering that when wiping, you can use only the transparent part of the ice, the muddy contains various kinds of impurities.
One of the most effective recipes for the treatment of psoriasis can be considered the following.
You will need:
- Homemade chicken egg (this is important!);
- Flower honey - 2.5 tbsp. L .;
- Children's cream - 1/3 tube;
- Sulfur - 1 tsp;
- Garlic juice - 1 dl .;
- Onions - 1 tsp .;
- Ash - 2 tsp;
- Rosehips - 2 tbsp.
- Mix all ingredients using a mixer and then add 0.5 liters of grease, then mix again. The use of such an ointment provides relief from the symptoms of psoriasis in a relatively short time. Ointment should be used once a day, preferably at night, before bedtime.
- It is necessary to apply the composition on the skin with rubbing movements, wear linen from natural fabrics. Prefer flax.
In addition to ointments, therapeutic baths can be used in the treatment of psoriasis. Traditional medicine also has a number of recipes. The simplest and most commonly used is a bath using infusion or valerian extract liquid. The water temperature should be around 35 - 37 degrees. The duration of the procedure from 10 to 15 minutes, the course of 10 - 15 baths.
You can also use a mixture of medicinal herbs: sage herb - 3 tbsp. l, chamomile flowers 3 tbsp., succession - 4 tbsp., celandine 2 tbsp. l Boil the mixture of herbs in 500 ml of water for 10 minutes. Then let the mixture stand for a couple of hours. The resulting broth is poured into a bath and taken for 20 minutes. Course 5 - 10 baths.
Well proven bath with fir oil. 550 ml of water should be boiled in an enamel pot; just this amount of liquid is enough for 20 baths. In boiling water, you must add 30 grams of baby soap, previously rubbed on a grated and boil the resulting seven over low heat until the soap is completely dissolved. After the composition must be removed from the heat, and gradually pour 500 ml of fir oil, stirring constantly.
The bath for the reception should be quite hot - 38 - 39 degrees, in which you need to add 15 g of the resulting emulsion. Each time its amount must be increased by 5 g. The limiting norm of the emulsion is 85 g. It is necessary to take a bath for 15 to 20 minutes, while the heart area must be out of the water.
Diet for psoriasis: the basic rules
Comprehensive treatment of psoriasis implies a certain diet. It should be simple, but at the same time rich in microelements and vitamins. Every day in the patient's diet should be fruits and berries, with the exception of red, vegetables. From meat products, it is necessary to give preference to lean beef, veal, rabbit and turkey meat, not more than 200 g per day. In the summer, the menu should have as much fresh greens, young vegetables, fruits, watermelons and melons as possible.
With the progression of the disease is assigned a dietary 3 weeks, which gives rest to the digestive organs - the liver, intestines, etc. The amount of fat should be limited to 50 g per day. The main emphasis in the diet is on high-grade protein foods, vitamins. It is necessary to limit the use of easily digestible carbohydrates - sweets, honey, etc. Every week you need to arrange fasting days - 2 times a week.
There is a certain group of foods that is useful at any stage of the disease. This group includes: pumpkin, dandelion, radish, watermelon, blackberry, carrot, watercress, apricot, mountain ash, beet, nuts, cabbage in any form, potatoes, etc.
In case of exacerbation of the disease, it is best to give full preference to vegetarian meals in the first days, after gradually include low-fat broth, cutlets, steamed, boiled fish. Do not abuse tea and coffee, it is best to replace these drinks with juices, light compotes.
For elderly patients who have associated comorbidities, it is necessary to follow a more strict diet, which will be pre-agreed with your doctor.
In the treatment of psoriasis can not do without drinking mineral water, with a large amount of iron.
In the treatment of psoriasis can not rely only on diet and popular recipes. They are effective and necessary, but only as concomitant therapy. The basis of the course should be medical drugs prescribed by a specialist. Remember that psoriasis is treatable in that case, if you approach the solution of the problem in a complex, follow all doctor's prescriptions.