Osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine is currently distributed among the population. This is due to the modern lifestyle, which is characterized by inactivity and frequent work at the computer.
Osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine is less common, than osteochondrosis of the lumbar or cervical. This is explained by the fact that the thoracic region is less mobile, which means that there are no conditions for the deformation of the vertebral discs. Usually such osteochondrosis occurs in people after 35 years.
Osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine: symptoms
- Sensation of pain and discomfort in the chest, back, shoulder, heart, upper abdomen.
- The pain may become stronger during movement, inhaling or exhaling.
- Sometimes the left arm and the interscapular region may become numb.
- There may be pain extending to the scapula.
- Decreased mobility of the thoracic spine.
Often the pain may increase at night. Fearing for their health through ignorance, patients believe that they have a heart attack. To distinguish osteochondrosis from a heart attack, you can make an ECG or X-ray.
Symptoms of this disease can be confused with any other. Therefore, in order to accurately determine the osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine, it is imperative to visit a doctor who will conduct a full examination and prescribe the necessary procedures.
Osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine: causes
The main cause of the disease is the wrong load and malnutrition of intervertebral discs. Because of this, changes in tissues occur, and metabolism deteriorates. Usually osteochondrosis is prone to people who have sedentary work. The disease occurs due to frequent sitting in the wrong posture, as well as in the presence of scoliosis, which creates the wrong load on the spine.
Another reason is macro and microtraumas, as well as various overloads. The reason for the development of thoracic osteochondrosis can be adverse weather conditions, accompanied by low air temperature and high humidity.
Types of thoracic osteochondrosis
There are 2 types of osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine:
- Dorsago. It is characterized by severe pain, which may be accompanied by seizures. This type limits the mobility of the back muscles, making breathing difficult.
- Dorsalgia, which is characterized by prolonged pain. Localization of pain - the region of the thoracic discs. The pain in this osteochondrosis is mild, may limit the mobility of the cervical and lumbar vertebrae.
Osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine: treatment
- Very often, treatment of a disease requires surgery.. The operation is necessary when a hernia falling out of the spinal disc begins to squeeze the spinal cord.
- If the disease is acute or acute, it is recommended to stay in bed for about 3 days. On such days, doctors prescribe painkillers, anti-inflammatory drugs, vasodilators, venotonics, and drugs that relax the muscles. If the spinal cord is affected, novocaine blockades are prescribed.
- When there is no aggravation, it is necessary to dospecial gymnastics everyday. The complex of exercises is aimed at improving the mobility of the thoracic spine, as well as at restoring physiological bends and strengthening muscles. When osteochondrosis helps well swimming, which perfectly affects the entire spine. You can also do a thoracic massage and spinal extractor. These procedures are specialists.
- Reflex treatment methods can be used for treatment. To restore spinal mobility, apply acupuncture, which helps to improve the functioning of the blood vessels. This has a beneficial effect on the nutrition and blood supply of the intervertebral discs.
- Also, excellent effects can be achieved with the help of manual therapy, canned massage, moxotherapy, vacuum therapy, laser therapy, etc. Such methods are assigned to each patient individually, taking into account the peculiarity of the disease. Using these procedures, you can return the state of the intervertebral discs to their previous condition and completely get rid of the disease.
Osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine: prevention
- Do not let your spine overcool. The back should always be kept warm and dry.
- Avoid excessive physical exertion.
- Observe the correct posture.
- While walking, keep your back straight, shoulders - straightened.
- If you have a sedentary job, do not sit for a long time in the same position. Change it as often as possible. This will allow the spine to not stagnate.
- Every 10 minutes take a break from work and walk around the room.
Osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine can affect every person.. If suddenly you feel the first symptoms of the disease, immediately consult a doctor. After all, any disease is easier to prevent than to treat it for a long time and painfully. Be sure to perform gymnastics and sign up for the pool, and then osteochondrosis will not be terrible for you.