Surely every person at least once in his life, faced with a dry cough, and there is absolutely nothing surprising and strange, because it is not necessarily a sign of some serious illness. Contaminated air, city dust, tobacco smoke - can completely provoke a dry cough.
In fact, this is the body's response to stimuli, so often people do not pay attention to it. Although ignoring cough is not always possible, because sometimes it can be painful, to indicate any inflammatory processes in the respiratory system. For the treatment of dry cough in adults in many cases, you may need drugs, traditional medicine.
Causes of dry cough:
- Tobacco - cigarette smoke and its components have a very negative effect on the respiratory system, and in particular they irritate the bronchi, occasionally causing a cough. By the way, in order for a cough to appear it is not necessary to smoke at all, you can simply be in a smoke filled room.
- Dust - when breathing, particles of dust get into the nasopharynx and lungs, which causes tickling, and then dry cough. To avoid this during cleaning you need to wear a special mask.
- A foreign body can also cause a dry cough, because the respiratory organs will want to get rid of this object, and since there is no mucus, the cough will be dry.
- Asthma and respiratory pathology can also provoke a dry cough, but in this case it will be accompanied by severe pain.
- Stressful situations can cause the appearance of dry cough, which experts call psychogenic.
- Allergies, viral infections, drugs, cancer pathologies, thyroid disease, heart failure, bowel or stomach diseases, and tuberculosis are also causes of dry cough.
It is also worth noting that, depending on the duration of symptoms and the nature of cough, there are 3 types of it: strong - which lasts no more than 10-14 days, prolonged, which is often called chronic, and frequent.
The most common cause of strong dry cough is some kind of acute illness. Much to our regret, a strong cough just can not arise, while continuing for quite a long time. Moreover, according to doctors, with a strong dry cough in an adult, how to treat this particular symptom is a minor issue. Because first of all, it is necessary to make this cough wet, and only after that it will be possible to begin an effective treatment. A strong dry cough is very difficult to treat without being "translated" into a wet state.
A strong cough usually develops within 2–3 hours on the background of influenza or acute respiratory infections.
The characteristics of a strong dry cough include:
- rapid development.
- the presence of symptoms of another disease - fever, sore throat, runny nose, chills, fever, etc.
- Sharp cough changes - A strong, dry cough can quickly become wet.
A protracted or chronic cough is somewhat different from a strong one, and there are quite a few reasons for its occurrence. Primarily, this type of cough is associated with postnasal wicking syndrome, when fluid constantly flows from the nasopharynx, causing severe irritation of the receptors. In this case, the person can cough quite often, and he even gets used to it and often does not notice the annoying symptom.
Such a cough can also occur with a cold, and in this case it is necessary to listen to it, because it can be a precursor of any disease - bronchitis, tracheitis or pneumonia.
It is important to pay attention to the fact that prolonged cough may occur at the onset of tuberculosis. And, if together with cough you notice weight loss, prolonged and frequent fever, chills, fatigue, you must and as soon as possible need to see a TB doctor. Tuberculosis is a very serious disease that often leads to death, be very careful.
By the way, chronic cough is often observed in smokers, so before you think about how to treat a protracted dry cough in an adult, you need to say goodbye to bad habits, which, of course, will interfere with treatment and the achievement of positive results.
There is also a frequent dry cough, which is often called allergic, that is, caused by some allergens. It is very important that the allergic cough is very difficult to identify, or rather it is difficult to distinguish it from the cold, so it is treacherous. But, as a result of surveys it is quite possible. It is noteworthy that an allergic cough does not have any side effects - there is no fever, no cold, no sore throat, etc. It may be a precursor or even the first sign of asthma. So you can not hesitate in any case, here you need a doctor who can understand what kind of allergen provoked a cough.
Treatment with traditional medicine
Even in ancient times, folk remedies, namely all kinds of tinctures, ointments, decoctions were used to treat almost all diseases, including dry cough. Yes, now only a few people resort to traditional medicine in order to recover from diseases, and in vain, because some of the products are very effective and easy to manufacture and use.
If you are interested in the question of how to treat frequent dry cough in an adult, you need to take 2 tsp. dry aniseed seeds and pour 200-250 ml of boiling water over them, preferably in a glass or iron dish so that the mixture cools for a longer time. When the tincture becomes warm, it must be filtered. This tool must be taken by 2-3 tbsp. l several times a day, preferably before meals.
It also helps if you have a dry cough, horsetail, which has a healing effect - 1 tbsp. l herbs of this plant must be poured boiling water, insist for 3 hours and take 1-1.5 tbsp. 2-3 times a day before meals.
Beer, by the way, can also help in the treatment of dry cough - heat a glass of frothy drink to a warm state and drink before bedtime.
Milk with honey can also be used - for what at night, just before going to bed, you need to drink a glass of hot milk from 2 tbsp. l honey
Considering this question, you should immediately say that the choice of a drug depends on many indicators, but first of all you need to consider the nature and type of cough.
The following drugs can be used to treat dry cough: Falimint, Bronhikum cough syrup, Codelac, Neo-Codion, Terpinkod, Ferveks, Bronchitis, Vramed, Codelac broncho, etc. Just note that it is better to consult a doctor before using medications.
As you already understood, a dry cough is not always a disease, but if it is not treated and started, you can get a serious illness. If you are set up for home treatment and do not want to see a doctor at first, carefully monitor your health, the slightest deterioration during therapy may indicate neglect of the disease and the development of its new stage.