The thin connective tissue that covers the outside of the eye and lines the back of the eyelids is called conjunctiva. The importance of this film is difficult to overestimate. It secretes the components of the tear fluid, in addition, prevents the penetration of pathogenic microbes and foreign bodies. In case of inflammation of this membrane, the doctor will diagnose you with conjunctivitis.
Conjunctivitis: what is this disease?
According to the medical dictionary, conjunctivitis is a collective term that combines many forms of conjunctival inflammation. For convenience and better understanding, all conjunctivitis has been classified according to the principle of the cause.
- Bacterial conjunctivitis. The main cause of this inflammation are staphylococci, streptococci. The penetration of the pathogen can occur with dirty hands, while bathing in polluted water bodies or when using expired cosmetics. There is a way of infection through the blood.
- Allergic conjunctivitis. Most often recorded in the period of exacerbation of hay fever, or may be a manifestation of an allergy to cosmetics.
- Viral conjunctivitis. It may be one of the manifestations of rotovirus infection or pl. other viral infections.
- In a separate group distinguish fungal and chlamydial conjunctivitis.
- Also among the causes of the disease, it should be noted the prolonged exposure to ultraviolet radiation, acrid smoke, vapors and high temperature, etc.
- Conjunctivitis may occur as a reaction of hypersensitivity to drugs or in violation of the safety rules of wearing and using contact lenses.
In clinical practice, acute and chronic conjunctivitis is distinguished. They are distinguished by the following symptoms. The acute form occurs suddenly and has a rapid flow. The eyes become red, in the conjunctiva small broken vessels can be seen. The patient's eyelids swell, and at this time, the first discharge from the eyes, which may be different - mucous, purulent, abundant or insignificant, all will depend on the cause of inflammation.
Symptoms of acute conjunctivitis are pain and burning sensation, feeling of sand in the eyes, photophobia. Quite often, the disease begins with inflammation of one eye, but the second eye is also quickly affected.
The acute form of conjunctivitis includes bacterial, viral, allergic. The chronic form of conjunctivitis develops gradually and, one may say, is an occupational disease. The most common cause of chronic forms of conjunctivitis is acrid smoke, chemical contaminants, etc.
How to treat conjunctivitis in an adult at home?
In most cases, inflammation begins with one eye. The most important thing is to prevent it from spreading to the second eye. For this there is a list of preventive and therapeutic measures that must be respected. First of all, it is hygiene.
After washing, for each part of the face, and, accordingly, the eye should have its own towel. It is necessary to systematically wash hands, especially after contact with eyes. It is best to avoid public swimming pools, swimming in water, it is necessary to wash with boiled water, chlorinated water, only aggravate the condition.
These activities must be observed on a mandatory basis, regardless of the cause of the disease. To determine the causative agent and the correct treatment, it is necessary to consult a specialist.
Depending on the form of the disease, the optometrist will prescribe a specific treatment. So, acute bacterial conjunctivitis is treated with the use of drops or ointments containing antibiotics. The antibiotic itself is determined individually, after the study, but there are also drugs of choice. Before you drip drops, or lay ointment, it is recommended to wash your eyes with a disinfectant solution - chamomile tea, tea brewing, etc.
With bacterial conjunctivitis, there is a constant release of pus. And after waking up, often there are difficulties with opening the eyes - the eyelids stick together. In order to soften the crusts on the eyelids, you can use applications with warm chamomile tea or simple tea leaves. Rough removal of crusts from the eyelids may cause additional discomfort and injury.
In order to quickly cure viral conjunctivitis in an adult, antiviral ointments, as well as interferon, are prescribed. In viral conjunctivitis, it is important to prevent the spread of the disease to family members. For these reasons, hygiene measures must be strictly observed.
In the case of modern and correctly prescribed treatment of conjunctivitis, the disease has already passed on 4-5 days. Disease therapy does not tolerate self. It is worth remembering that the neglected forms of the disease, especially in children and those with reduced vision, can provoke an even greater deterioration in visual acuity, pl. other serious consequences.