In the life of every woman who looks after her health, questions arise on which day it is better to do gynecological ultrasound, how to prepare for the procedure? Why, if you do an ultrasound in the first half of the cycle, is it more informative than in the second? In our article, we will consider the timing, preparation, and find out the answers to questions that each female representative is interested in.
The optimal timing for ultrasound, why are they so important?
Doctors advise to carry out an ultrasound examination of the female genital organs only after the period ends, and not before they begin. As a rule, an ultrasound scan is scheduled for the seventh or maximum tenth day of the woman’s cycle. Calculate these days from the first day when there was menstruation.
The question arises, why are such days chosen, what is so special about them? In fact, everything is very simple, it is these days that the endometrium acquires the greatest subtlety. If any inflammatory processes occur in the organ content or pathological conditions develop, the physician will be able to determine their presence using ultrasound. With a thin state of the epithelium, using ultrasound, you can consider such changes:
- The formation of fibroids, that is, a benign tumor.
- The formation of polyps.
- Enlarged uterus.
At what point in the cycle does the endometrium become thicker? It becomes thicker in the second part of the cycle. It is not advisable to perform an ultrasound examination on such days, because the information obtained from it will not be correct. With a thickened shell, the doctor will not even be able to detect polyps that can form in the thickness of the epithelium itself.
The second part of the cycle is also indicated by the fact that during this period the follicle matures, therefore in such a period cysts can be detected, their diametral volume is 2 to 3 cm. It is worth noting that such a cyst is quite normal. It is a follicle, which is soon waiting for a period of ovulation.
In addition, when examining the uterus, you can find small cysts, which are calculated in millimeter dimensions. They can be found at the end of the monthly cycle, and only on the very first days of menstruation. Unfortunately, it is not possible to distinguish such species from pathological ones.
If the doctor prescribes an ultrasound in the second half of the cycle, then there are certain reasons for this. For example, perhaps the doctor wants to observe how the follicle matures. Such studies are conducted for all women who are treated for childlessness.
During the period of menstruation, ultrasound is not performed, only after the days pass. The fact is that the uterus has a little blood, which in principle does not allow the doctor to examine the internal contents. With all this, look at the state of the walls of the uterus and ovaries, at such a time, it is quite acceptable.
Getting ready for an ultrasound
Women are wondering what is the name of ultrasound in gynecology? There are several of them, there is a transvaginal one, when a special sensor is inserted into the vagina. It is necessary to prepare for it in a few days, to remove food, which causes the process of formation of gases in the intestine, to do an enema before the procedure, the bladder should be half filled.
With echogysterosalpingogcopy, the patency of the fallopian tubes is checked. Preparing for it, as well as transvaginal. In transabdominal ultrasound, the bladder should be complete, otherwise, preparation, as in the rest.
After the woman has undergone an ultrasound procedure, the specialist receives information about the position and condition of the uterus, as well as all the organs that belong to the reproductive system. With these results, the patient goes to her gynecologist, who will tell her about the results of the procedure, deciphering the data.