In our age of continuous automation and computerization, we are so accustomed to the devices and mechanisms around us that we can no longer imagine how to do without them. For example, leaving home without a mobile phone, you feel deprived of a vital organ. Or another example: today many people suffer from high blood pressure, and this is a serious health problem that requires constant monitoring and timely use of medicines. Modern pharmacies offer a whole arsenal of instruments for measuring pressure - automatic, semi-automatic, mechanical. And all the same, such situations occur when a tonometer is not at hand. How to measure pressure without a tonometer?
How to determine the pressure without a tonometer?
Hypertension has become a real scourge of modern man, the statistics of deaths from this disease is inexorably growing year of sickness. Therefore, we should sometimes stop your rapid pace of life and listen to your body and sensations. If there are any problems with pressure, the person will feel it.
What does the lower and upper blood pressure threshold mean?
The concept of lower and upper blood pressure threshold is used to determine hypertension. The upper systolic pressure is called the pressure in the vessels during compression of the heart ventricle and the release of blood. Normal is the pressure of 110-139 mm Hg. Art.
Lower pressure (diastolic) is the pressure on the walls of blood vessels when the heart is relaxed and the heart is filled with blood. Its normal rate is 80-89 mmHg. Art. If stable for a long time, the pressure is fixed above the level of 140/90 mm Hg. Art., then you have hypertension.
External signs of malaise
There are people who do not feel the deviations of pressure from the norm and learn about it, only by measuring it. By the way, a device for measuring pressure is called a tonometer. Most people who are faced with this problem, there is dizziness and headache, pain in the back of the head. A person quickly gets tired, his face may become glowing, red, or a vascular network appears on his cheeks, reddening of the whites of the eyes, numbness of the tongue, pain in the heart.
If for a long time to experience increased pressure, but not receive proper treatment, it has a negative effect on the internal organs: primarily on the heart, kidneys and brain. There are shortness of breath, nausea, anxiety. In any case, if you feel any of these signs of illness, it's time to take a blood pressure monitor and measure the pressure.
Pressure measurement technology without tonometer
For those who do not have a blood pressure monitor at hand, and get to the nearest pharmacy far, you can try to measure the pressure with the help of available tools: threads, needles and rulers. Immediately warn that these figures will be approximate:
- Tie a needle to a length of 20-25 cm.
- Sit down, relax. Place the arm bent at the elbow on the table.
- Put the ruler at the beginning of the divisions to the elbow.
- Gently hang the hanging needle on the thread, without swinging, along the ruler in the direction of the hand.
- Measure on the ruler lines where the needle starts to swing like a pendulum. For example, you get 13 cm, multiply by 10 and determine the upper limit of blood pressure (130 mm Hg. Art.).
- To determine the lower limit, follow the same steps, just put the ruler on the wrist, and move the needle from the wrist to the elbow.
How to measure pressure without a tonometer on the pulse? In this case, the word measure does not quite accurately reflect the meaning of the procedure. With the help of this method, taking into account your state and external signs described above, you can find out if your blood pressure is high or low. To do this, you need to feel the pulse and press down this place with your finger: the more pressure you have to do, in order to stop feeling the jolts of blood, the higher the pressure.
What to do if pressure does not match the norm?
If your blood pressure does not comply with accepted norms, and you record these deviations regularly, then you probably need to make a visit to the doctor, be examined and better delayed. In the meantime, you have not been prescribed medication, take the following preventive measures:
- need to sleep at least eight hours;
- balance your menu, eat regularly up to five times a day, meals should be light and low in salt and fat;
- moderate physical exertion will not interfere - walks, simple physical exercises;
- take sedatives in case of nerve shocks;
- Smoking and alcohol are absolutely contraindicated.
In conclusion, let us recall once more - self-treatment, especially with such a disease as hypertension, is a very risky exercise, one can even say the direct road to a stroke or heart attack. Each patient with such a diagnosis individually selected drugs, diet, the degree of physical activity. And yet, do not rely too much on the ruler and needle, get a tonometer and be fully confident in the accuracy of the measurements.