Perhaps the appearance of acne in adolescence and later age is concerned not only by the fair sex, but also by the youth. What a horror we feel when we see another red bump on the face with a purulent point. Many try to squeeze it right away, which is absolutely impossible to do. Acne can appear not only on the face, but also on the chest, neck, back, shoulders. And if the rest of the body can be hidden under the clothes, then you need to cope with the appeared acne on the face immediately. Let's discuss how to get rid of acne on a teenager's face.
Causes of Acne
Many of us probably do not know that acne is medically classified into several groups:
Their significant difference is the presence of an inflamed lesion and an abscess. Comedones are hidden acne, in which the inflammatory process does not occur, but simply accumulates in the subcutaneous layer of non-developed fat. Acne (acne) occurs as a result of the development of the inflammatory process in the hair follicle. There are a lot of hairs on our body, the follicles of which are located next to the sebaceous glands. Every day, these glands produce subcutaneous fat to lubricate the skin and prevent it from cracking. When clogged pores on the skin or abnormal secretion of the sebaceous glands, inflammation occurs, resulting in a pimple on the body.
Often teenage acne appears at the age of 13 years, that is, during the onset of puberty. This is due to the active production of various hormones in larger quantities. As practice shows, teenage acne disappears at the end of puberty, at about 25 years.
Often the presence of acne on the face may indicate the development of pathologies of internal organs. Our skin is directly related to the endocrine and digestive system. With the use of harmful foods and empty calories can appear acne. Also, if the endocrine system is not functioning properly, the first signal is given by the body in the form of a pimple. Treatment specialists claim that acne (blackheads and comedones) most often appear on oily skin. An important role in the development of such a disease is played by ecology and bad habits.
How to treat acne on the face of adolescents?
Before you start treating acne, you should identify the cause of their formation. It is best to seek the help of your doctor or a beautician. After a thorough examination and delivery of the necessary tests, the doctor will be able to prescribe a balanced and comprehensive course of treatment.
There are three main ways to treat acne in adolescents:
- pharmacological agents;
- means of traditional medicine.
Cosmetic methods to eliminate acne
If the appearance of acne is directly related to the clogging of pores on the skin or the improper functioning of the sebaceous glands, then a cosmetologist will help with this problem. During the examination under a special magnifying lamp, the cosmetologist will be able to see even hidden acne that is in the stage of aging.
A beautician offers acne treatment in several ways:
- cleaning (deep, hardware);
- the use of special tools in the form of masks for the face;
- vacuum cleaning;
- peeling cleansing;
- ultrasonic cleaning.
Each procedure has its own advantages. The most common practice in practice is vaporization, that is, manual elimination of acne using a special “spoon” after steaming the face. Apparatus or masks can be used for steaming. It is not allowed to steam out the skin of the face to people suffering from vascular diseases, as well as in the presence of a capillary network.
Peeling procedures are mainly performed to remove spots and acne scars. The surface layer of the skin with the help of special equipment is polished, removing dead cells. Some cosmetologists offer their clients ultraviolet cleansing. It is believed that sunbathing has a beneficial effect on our skin and helps get rid of acne.
Drug treatment of acne
Pharmacies can find a huge amount of pharmacological agents, the action of which is aimed at the treatment of acne. Pharmacological treatment of acne on the face for teens can be purchased in the form of tablets (antibiotic substances) or lotions for external use. It is best to use two types of such drugs at the same time to not only deal with the cause of acne, but also with their effects.
Remember that self-medication should not be involved in any way, especially if it is related to oral antibiotics. Among the antibiotics in the fight against acne, the following drugs have been found to be effective:
For external use, treating specialists advise using the following pharmacological agents:
- Salicylic acid;
- Zinc ointment;
- Ichthyol ointment;
- Vishnevsky ointment;
Acne Treatment with Traditional Medicine
Many women and boys are wondering how to get rid of acne on the face at home quickly in 1 day. Unfortunately, in such a short time only redness can be eliminated, and it will take at least 14 days to completely get rid of this problem.
Acne perfectly cope with decoctions of medicinal herbs, such as:
- black elderberry;
- St. John's wort;
- Birch tree.
Such decoctions can be used as lotions and wipe the skin of the face with them daily. Some of the fair sex use these broths for freezing, and then wipe the skin with ice cubes. Aloe does well with facial rashes. Skin, but only very carefully, you can wipe the juice squeezed from aloe. Starting to process the skin is always necessary only from the site of injury.
Among the means of traditional medicine in the fight against acne, one of the leading places is occupied by a yeast mask and toothpaste. Using the mask, you can even out the complexion and get rid of inflammations, but the toothpaste will allow you to instantly dry the inflamed area.
Many girls and young men are helped by the so-called talker: it consists of the antibiotic Levomycetin, salicylic and boric acid, as well as ethyl alcohol. Rubbing the affected areas with this tool, you can very quickly get rid of the ill-fated rash.
Preventing acne in adolescents
Acne can appear not only due to heredity or hormonal disruption. Often, this problem is faced by young people who care for the wrong skin of their face. To acne was not, note take a few simple rules:
- balance the diet and eat only the right foods;
- periodically take products that cleanse the intestines;
- eat less sweet;
- use cosmetics only in accordance with your skin type;
- stop smoking and drinking coffee;
- do not squeeze out the pimple;
- wash at least once a day with tar or household soap.
As you can see, there are many causes of acne. And the skin rash is not always associated with puberty. In the fight against acne, you need to direct all forces to eliminate the causes of their appearance and after taking care of the treatment of the remaining spots and scars. Eat well and care for your skin. Be healthy and beautiful!