Knowledge of the concentration of gastric juice in the body will help balance the diet and prevent the development of gastrointestinal diseases. How to know the acidity of the stomach? Consider all possible options.
Medical diagnostics - the most reliable option.
Studies of the level of gastric acidity in medical institutions are appointed for an accurate diagnosis and further selection of the method of treatment of existing problems. The test results show in which direction the acid-base balance has shifted and whether there is a need to adjust the nutrition. How to find out increased or decreased acidity of the stomach? Of course, you need to contact the clinic and pass tests.
Urine stain test
The least accurate is the urine staining test using ion exchange resins. For this purpose, a special kit of the type "Acidotest" or "Gastrotest" is used, which includes the following components:
- filter materials;
- stimulator of gastric acid secretion.
The patient is asked to take the drug at a certain time and then pass urine for analysis. Depending on how many coloring ions excreted by the body, urine takes on various shades. To determine the degree of acidity helps a special scale, which is included in the kit. Laboratory rapid methods allow you to get results in the shortest possible time, but because of their inaccuracy are in low demand.
Gastroscopy has more accurate results. The essence of this method is to introduce into the gastrointestinal tract a special rubber tube and suck out the required amount of juice, which will later undergo laboratory testing. In addition to the fact that such a diagnostic method is unpleasant for the patient himself, the final value is obtained averaged, since in the process of taking the acid from different parts of the stomach is mixed.
This is the most accurate and reliable method of testing, since all measurements take place directly in the gastrointestinal tract. Depending on the purpose of diagnosis, pH-metry is divided into such sub-species as:
- express reception;
- day diagnostics;
- endoscopic method.
With the help of special devices equipped with probes, one can measure the level of acidity not only in different parts of the stomach, but also in the esophagus, as well as in the duodenum.
When does the stomach signal SOS?
How can I find the acidity of the stomach without gastroscopy and other diagnostic methods? This question is asked by many, especially the most fearful patients. Of course, if there are certain problems, it will not be possible to avoid probing, however, it is possible to determine the deviations approximately, if you look closely at the symptoms.
When the acidity of the stomach increases, our well-being changes in this way:
- an acid taste appears in the mouth;
- belching appears after carbonated beverages;
- fried, spicy and smoked food, as well as alcohol cause a burning sensation in the stomach;
- on an empty stomach, especially in the morning, a metallic taste can be felt in the mouth;
- constipation occurs.
Low acidity also does not have a positive effect on the body and often leads to the imperceptible development of atrophic gastritis. How to determine the low acidity of the stomach, so as not to miss the moment when you need to go to the doctor? Note the presence of signs such as:
- smell of rot from the mouth;
- tendency to constipation or diarrhea;
- lack of appetite;
- flatulence and colic in the intestines;
- the content of food residues in feces;
- fragility of nails, hair and dry skin;
- chronic fatigue, dizziness and weakness;
- Iron-deficiency anemia.
It is indisputable that the results of such a diagnostic method are very subjective and do not provide an absolute guarantee of the existence of a problem, but can only signal the need for a survey.
What can you try at home?
How to find out the acidity of the stomach at home, if there are no symptoms and it is impossible to consult a doctor? Such studies can only be carried out using indirect methods without a special guarantee on the result.
This is the easiest and most popular test for pH in the stomach. For its holding, it is necessary to stock up in advance with litmus paper, which can be bought at a regular pharmacy. In the morning before eating, tear off the test strip and place its edge on the tongue. After about 30 seconds, the paper should oxidize and change in color:
- a pinkish or red tint indicates the presence of an acidic environment;
- the appearance of blue or purple indicates that the environment is neutral.
It is important to carry out the test not once, but on a regular basis for several days. It is better to write the obtained results on a separate sheet and at the end to summarize. It is also worth noting the fact that carbonated drinks, fatty foods, alcohol, taken the day before, can distort the result.
Experiment with soda
It is possible to find out whether the acidity is normal by creating a chemical reaction in the stomach with the help of baking soda, as a result of which carbon dioxide should be released and a belching appears. To conduct the test is quite simple:
- Stir tsp of soda in a glass of cold water.
- Drink the solution in the morning on an empty stomach and record 5 minutes of time.
- If during this period the burp does not appear, the timer stops.
Theoretically, if your stomach produces enough acid, a belching appears within two to three minutes. Early and repeated reactions may be associated with excessive acidity. But belching after 3 minutes indicates a low pH balance. Since the time frame may vary depending on the individual characteristics of the organism, the experimental results cannot be called reliable.
The ability to distinguish between high and low acidity in the stomach can be useful for the timely detection of problems in the gastrointestinal tract. However, relying on home methods and symptoms is not the best option. Reliable and reliable results will show only medical diagnosis.