Conjunctivitis is far from the most pleasant disease in which there is a burning sensation in the eyes, the area around them swells up, and the mucous membrane (conjunctiva) turns red. In addition, purulent discharges appear, due to which the patient sometimes cannot even open his eyes in the morning, since the discharges shrivel into the crust and “seal” the eyelids. Eye drops from conjunctivitis is one of the medicines that can quickly relieve pain and burning, but you need to choose such drops with caution.
Why drops from conjunctivitis can be different?
Because conjunctivitis is also different. The most popular variety, which among other things is found in children (along with stomatitis) is bacterial conjunctivitis. The causative agents of it are some bacteria. Children do not always control their movements, and rubbing the eye with a dirty pen is a common thing. The main distinguishing feature of bacterial conjunctivitis is that it affects both eyes at once, or if only one eye is affected, inflammation quickly spreads to the other.
Against the background of some colds caused by viruses (rhinitis, bronchitis, acute respiratory infections) viral conjunctivitis may occur. Its symptoms are very similar to bacterial, so only a doctor can distinguish one disease from another.
Allergic conjunctivitis occurs as a reaction to an irritant. Elimination of the cause of irritation leads to the cessation of the disease. Allergic conjunctivitis is usually accompanied by severe swelling and redness of the eyelids.
Consider which drops are used for different types of conjunctivitis.
Eye drops with bacterial conjunctivitis
For adults and children, doctors for the treatment of bacterial conjunctivitis prescribe antibiotics (drops). The treatment usually lasts from 7 to 10 days, the drops need to be buried several times a day in the corners of the eyes.
- Sulfacyl sodium (better known as Albucid) - eye drops containing sulfacetamide. Drops remove redness and kill bacteria. Albucidum is available in the form of 20% and 30% solution, which must be instilled 3 times a day, 1-2 drops in each eye (even if the second eye is not yet affected). Small children Albucidim better not to drip, as it causes a burning sensation, and the child may begin to cry and worry. If you still had to give the baby Albucidum, in no case should you bury a thirty percent solution - only 20%.
- Norsulfazole - is a powder for solution preparation. It is applied three times a day, 1-2 drops in a conjunctival sac.
- Levomycetin - its action is based on the fact that the active substance levels protein synthesis in the cells of the bacteria causing the disease, as a result of which they are destroyed. Levomycetinum drops are usually prescribed for 7 days, they need to be dripped 1 drop twice a day. To treat children with these drops is possible only if they are older than two years.
- Oftadeks - potent medicine, suitable for the treatment of not only bacterial, but also viral conjunctivitis. However, it should be applied with caution, depending on the severity and nature of the disease. The exact dosage can only be prescribed by a doctor.
- Floksal - very good remedy, quickly cures bacterial conjunctivitis even in severe form. The drug is usually prescribed from 7 to 14 days, 1 drop in each eye 2-4 times a day. It is important to remember that Floksal cannot be used for more than two weeks. Also, these drops are contraindicated for pregnant and lactating mothers.
- Tobrex - These are eye drops for conjunctivitis for children and adults. The tool quickly helps, does not sting the eyes, is hypoallergenic and is sold at a reasonable price.
We treat viral conjunctivitis
Drops prescribed by a doctor help to cope with viral activity and eliminate unpleasant feelings in a patient. Often, for the treatment of viral conjunctivitis the same medications are used as for the treatment of bacterial, that is, antibiotics. In particular, Floksal, already described above, is an effective remedy for viral conjunctivitis. In addition to antibiotics, solutions containing interferon are used to treat the virus.
- Ophthalmoferon - just such drops which part interferon is. This medicine is effective in conjunctivitis in children and adults. Ophthalmoferon need to bury 1-2 drops in each eye 6-7 times a day, while the disease is in the acute stage. When conjunctivitis subsides, the instillation should be gradually reduced to 2 times a day and continue treatment until complete recovery.
- Aktipol it helps not only with viral conjunctivitis, but also with eye fatigue (for example, from hard work at the computer or due to prolonged wear of contact lenses). Usually Aktipol is taken within 7 days of 4-8 instillation, during this time the disease has time to go from the acute stage. For a full recovery, another seven-day course is prescribed, but it is already necessary to bury 2 times a day.
- Poludan - Antiviral drug, whose action is based on the stimulation of immune processes. Good because it has practically no contraindications, it is prohibited to use it only in case of intolerance to the components.
- Florenal - It is produced not only in the form of drops, but also as an ointment, and special medical films, which are gently injected into the eyes twice a day. Drops need to be instilled into the peeled eyes with 2 drops twice a day.
These tools can be used as eye drops for newborns from conjunctivitis, that is, there are no age restrictions. Nevertheless, do not rush to self-medicate, especially if we are talking about a small child - viruses, like bacteria, are different, so only a specialist should make the choice of a particular medicine.
Drugs for allergic conjunctivitis
Allergic conjunctivitis can be caused by all sorts of irritants - pet hair, pollen of flowering plants, household chemicals, medicines, etc. As a rule, it is enough to eliminate the irritating factor so that the allergic conjunctivitis stops. However, it is not always possible to establish an allergen, in this case drops will help. Children are also recommended to do warm or cool compresses on the eye area.
- Cortisone - a very effective remedy, which, unfortunately, has many side effects, so it can only be used if prescribed by a doctor. Cortisone drops are prohibited to use during pregnancy.
- Claritin - a very well-known anti-allergic agent, which is also available in tablet form. Drops Klaritin need to bury one drop three times a day.
- Lacrisifi - an effective remedy for relieving allergic edema, however, this remedy is contraindicated in viral inflammations. In addition, Lacrisifi is suitable only for adults (from 16 years of age) and is prohibited for pregnant and lactating women. The duration of treatment should not exceed seven days.
- Allergodil - eye drops allowed for children from the age of four. Suitable for the treatment of allergic, including seasonal, conjunctivitis. Bury usually one drop four times a day.
It is important to remember that the conjunctiva and the eyes are very tender organs; misdiagnosis of conjunctivitis at home can lead to scars on the cornea, glaucoma, and other visual impairments. Therefore, in any case, do not choose the drug yourself. Of course, there are also universal eye drops from conjunctivitis, for example, Albucid and Tobrex - they will help relieve pain in the eyes in the "first aid" mode. However, a longer treatment should be prescribed by a doctor. Heal properly, and even better - be healthy!