It is water that gives life to all living things on the planet. Today, it is no secret to anyone that the human body is 70% water. It acts as the main regulator for most processes in the body. And in order for all of them to flow properly, it is necessary to replenish daily fluid reserves, and to do this you need to know how much water you need to drink per day.
How much should you drink fluids a day?
Despite the fact that everyone knows about the important role for the health of water, not everyone drinks the prescribed amount. Most people do this only if they are very thirsty, someone prefers to replace water with a variety of drinks, and someone just does not know the daily rate of fluid intake.
Today, it is still a controversial question about how much a person should drink water a day. There are 2 popular points of view - you need to drink as much as you want and depending on the weight is determined by the required amount of fluid. At the same time, the second point of view is the most authoritative, and the volume of water will be calculated strictly on an individual basis.
Water is really a unique natural product that does not contain calories at all, and at the same time it includes just a huge amount of valuable trace elements and minerals necessary for the health and vital functions of the human body. However, in this case, only one that is collected from natural sources or mineral purchased, but not from a tap, is meant.
The answer to the question of how much to drink water per day, universal and the right amount of fluid ranges from 1.5 to 2.5 liters of water per day. Provided that people have different body weight, this answer will only be approximate.
It is quite easy to calculate exactly how much water you need to drink per day, and for this you should use a simple formula - your own weight kg / 450 by 14. Nutritionists believe that this formula helps to calculate the correct amount of fluid needed and for every 450 g of weight you need 14 g of water. Therefore, if the girl’s weight is 50 kg, then she needs to drink 1.5 liters of water per day.
In addition, with the help of fluid you can easily lose weight. To do this, it will be enough to simply increase the daily rate by 0.5 liters and the desired result will not take long to wait.
It is necessary to take into account the fact that for health one must still properly drink water. For example, doctors advise you to do this approximately half an hour before the beginning of the meal and an hour later, after its completion. Due to this, the proper digestion process will not be disturbed. You can also bring health benefits as follows - you need to drink about 0.5 tbsp at a time, and not the entire daily allowance at once. The required amount of liquid must be divided several times and consumed approximately at regular intervals, taking into account the time that should be waited after the meal.
Correct drinking regimen
To get rid of extra pounds, you must follow the correct drinking regimen. During the day, the body should receive as much fluid as it needs and at the time when it is really necessary.
Periods of water consumption are directly related to the physiological processes of the human body:
- In the morning, waking up, you need to restore the volume of fluid that was lost during the night, and start the work of the intestine. To this end, on an empty stomach, you need to drink 2 tbsp. cool water;
- An hour later, after breakfast, it is necessary to replenish the water supply again (it will be enough to drink only 1 tbsp);
- About 30 minutes before the start of dinner and an hour later, after its completion, you need to drink 1 tbsp. clean water;
- In the same way as during lunch, water is drunk during dinner. It is important to remember that dinner should be no later than 2 hours before bedtime, while the liquid should be drunk about an hour before bedtime, but not before falling asleep. It is not recommended to exert too much pressure on the excretory system, because as a result you will have to stand up to the toilet several times at night.
Allowable rate of water for pregnant women
Starting from the first days of pregnancy, the expectant mother should follow the state of her own health with special attention, because there are many difficulties ahead that can lead to a sharp deterioration of health and negatively affect the development of the child. Quite often during pregnancy there is a sharp decrease in blood pressure, a woman can suffer from severe constipation, varicose veins, and the risk of thrombophlebitis increases.
But at the same time, very few future mothers know that it will be enough to normalize the amount of fluid consumed, and you can get rid of all these troubles.
Also, if there is a lack of water in the body of a pregnant woman, there is a risk of disturbing important processes in the body, the level of toxicity increases dramatically as a result of poor cleansing of metabolic products, a feeling of fatigue and irritability appears, the skin loses its elasticity and elasticity, and immunity decreases sharply.
The greatest danger lies in the fact that as a result of the use of insufficient amount of fluid during pregnancy, the risk of mutation and other complications in the development of the fetus increases several times.
In addition, medications taken during pregnancy, for example, vitamin complexes, will be much better absorbed, provided that sufficient amount of water enters the body. That is why, during pregnancy, it is necessary with special attention to monitor the amount of fluid consumed, especially during the 1st trimester of pregnancy.
At the same time, it is worth remembering that one cannot exceed the amount of the daily norm of water, because the human body can adapt only to an insufficient amount of water, but it cannot struggle with its excess. Of course, this is of little concern to everyone, but during pregnancy it can lead to certain problems - strong edema appears, the kidneys of the woman now work for two and simply will not be able to cope with a high load. In addition, this is one of the main causes of problems with obesity.
This condition can cause the greatest danger during the third trimester period - there is a risk of the child developing defects, the appearance of certain complications during labor. Gradually, the female body begins to store water, as there is an increase in blood volume and amniotic fluid. That is why during the last months of pregnancy a woman should independently limit the amount of fluid supplied to the body.
The amount of fluid is important precisely during the early stages of pregnancy, when there is an active division and growth of cells, not only the bookmark, but also the further development of all systems and organs of the child. Therefore, in this period, the amount of fluid consumed matters.
For example, if a girl weighs 50 kg, then she should drink about 2 liters of water per day, and with a weight of 80 kg the waste rate is about 3 liters. It is important to remember that not only in summer, but also in the event of the occurrence of severe toxicosis and with an upset stomach, the body needs to receive more fluid.
However, starting from the 2nd trimester of pregnancy, it is not recommended to be too zealous with water and should be drunk only if thirst appears. In the case of certain indications for which it is necessary to reduce the amount of fluid drunk per day, the doctor will establish the correct daily rate.
But, starting from the 3rd trimester of pregnancy, it is necessary to strictly control the amount of fluid used to minimize the likelihood of edema. However, if you reduce the volume of liquid and do not limit salt intake, there remains the risk of edema, since it is salt that is able to retain body fluids. Therefore, from about the 20th week of pregnancy, we must begin to gradually reduce the amount of salt added to the dishes.
It is worth remembering that in certain conditions, it is strictly forbidden to reduce the amount of fluid consumed - for example, for urolithiasis, pyelonephritis. That is why, without fail, it will be necessary to consult with your doctor, who will be able to correctly establish the daily rate of fluid.
Water is a vital element for humans. It is necessary for the proper functioning of any organism. To fill the fluid level it is important to drink, following certain rules.