Chickenpox (chickenpox) is a childhood infectious disease that is caused by the Varicella - Zoster virus belonging to the family herpes viruses.
If your child has chickenpox, do not worry much, because This disease is most easily tolerated in childhood.
Virus Transmission Path
The virus is transmitted exclusively by airborne droplets when you cough, sneeze, talk. In other ways it does not apply, because unstable to the environment.
Chickenpox is not transmitted through third parties, the source of chickenpox is only a sick person. But the virus carrier is already infectious during the incubation period, before the appearance of a rash on the skin. The period of the latent course and development of the disease lasts up to 2 days.
How is chickenpox transmitted in children?
The disease is transmitted by airborne droplets, easily proceeds in children. Complications that occur only in weakened babies may be due to bacterial infections that enter the body by scratching the rash. The rash has a pinkish color, similar to specks. It starts from the face area, then spreads all over the head and body. Usually accompanied by high fever, weakness, malaise. But this state quickly passes. It is much harder to cope with the itching that accompanies the rash, because the baby’s whole body itches. Try to explain to your child that scratching the pimples is dangerous, can lead to the development of an infection, and leave scars. At night, the patient's hands can be wound with a cloth or sewed kalpochki, so that the baby could not comb out the rash during sleep.
Chickenpox is usually an epidemic. Often children become infected in kindergartens and schools.
How is transmitted toadult in adults?
Ways of transmission of chickenpox in adults than no different from children. The only difference is the severity of the course of the disease, bacterial complications due to the appearance of suppuration, chickenpox encephalitis are considered dangerous.
The probability of infection remains until the crusts completely dry, i.e. the patient can be considered healthy when there will be no new rashes, and the old ones will be covered with solid growths. Usually the doctor gives a sick leave and recommends 2 weeks of quarantine. During the treatment of the diseaseyou need to eliminate contact with people who have not had chickenpox. Otherwise, it may cause mass infection. Since the virus of Varicella - Zoster is quickly destroyed in the external environment, household items can not be processed.
When you have been ill with smallpox, you will develop a lifelong immunity to the virus, but sometimes there are still cases of re-infection, but very much.
If you are planning a pregnancy and have not had chickenpox, then it is most reasonable for you to get a vaccine.
Prevention and treatment of chickenpox
- To reduce itching, wipe off with water and vinegar, then powder the skin with talcum powder. Be sure to comply with bed rest (6-7 days).
- Bubbles of rash should be treated with a solution of brilliant green (green paint) or potassium permanganate.
- Take special care when wearing chicken pox.. It should be from natural fabrics. Completely exclude synthetics, the body must breathe. The most suitable option is cotton. Change bedding and clothes every day. The nails of a sick child need to be cut very shortly so that he cannot comb the itchy bubbles.
- To relieve itching sometimes use drugs that remove allergies. The patient needs to drink a lot, as well as the use of dairy products and plant foods.
- It is strictly forbidden to wet the skin covered with a rash, otherwise there may be complications. You can take a shower on the 4th day after the bubbles dry out.
- The skin will get a normal look after 1-1.5 months. after complete recovery.
- To avoid complications, doctors recommend vaccinations against chickenpox. But vaccination does not give immunity for life. It only forms a strong, long immunity. If you have been vaccinated within 72 hours after contact with the patient, then you will receive a guaranteed protection against the virus. Vaccination against chickenpox is done on a child from the age of 12 months. There are no serious complications from the introduced vaccine, so it is also used for people with chronic diseases.
If your child has had chickenpox, then he has developed immunity, not only the second-time infection with chickenpox, but the infection with shingles. The vaccine has no such effect.
This disease is better tolerated in childhood; adults suffer much more smallpox.
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the main thing, follow the rules of hygiene in the initial stages of the disease, do not comb the rash that appears and the chicken pox will pass without complications. To prevent infection, try to avoid contact with virus carriers!