Many people with the advent of cold weather and the spread of various viral diseases face an unpleasant problem - herpes. Many consider this phenomenon as just another symptom of acute respiratory disease. But in fact, it is an independent disease that develops as a result of a virus infection. How is herpes of different types transmitted?
Almost the entire population of the globe (about 95%) is a carrier of the herpes virus. Not everyone is suspicious about this, as he may never prove himself during his life. But with favorable conditions for the development of the microorganism in the body, herpes can enter the active phase. Such a scenario is especially likely if at this moment you are in contact with people who have the virus in a pronounced form. By the way, often even the active phase passes without any symptoms.
The most common manifestations of herpes are skin rashes. But often it affects the internal organs, leading to very serious diseases, including cancer.
Activation of herpes is directly related to the state of the immune system. When she works at full strength, she suppresses the virus, and herpes is present in an unmanifest (latent) form. Against the background of a weakened defense system, herpes can go on the offensive, acquiring an active form. Prerequisites for this may be:
- severe hypothermia or overheating;
- insufficient amount of vitamins and other beneficial substances;
- transferred diseases, injuries;
- use of antibiotics, chemotherapy;
- lack of rest and sleep;
- bad habits.
The virus is most often represented by 3 types:
- Labial (the one that appears on the lips, nose).
How is herpes on the lips transmitted?
This type of disease is transmitted in many ways, so it is not so easy to protect oneself from it. The greatest chance of them becoming infected is contact with the person in whose body the virus is in the active stage (especially if it manifests itself as a wound). Many people are concerned about the question of whether herpes is transmitted during a kiss. Unfortunately yes. Moreover, it is one of the easiest ways to get infected, because by means of saliva the virus easily gets on the skin of another person. Also the transfer of the herpes on the lips is possible in the following ways:
- airborne droplets;
- when using someone else's cosmetic and cosmetic products (lipstick, lip liner, etc.);
- when eating food from common dishes;
- when using other people's hygiene products (towels, toothbrush);
- self-infection - the transfer of the virus from the affected area of the body to a healthy one.
Ways of infection with genital herpes
In most cases, the cause of such infection are intimate relationships. Moreover, the transmission of genital herpes can occur both during vaginal sex, and with oral-genital or anal. The condom is almost not able to protect against such infection. It is noteworthy that much more often this virus passes from a man to a woman than vice versa.
Sometimes it happens that infection with a genital variety occurs when using other people's hygiene products, linen or by self-infection. In rare cases, this type of virus occurs in children. He can get to them from the mother at the time of birth - direct contact with her genitals.
Herpes zoster: where does it come from?
Many of us have already experienced the effect of this type of virus in childhood, when we had chickenpox. In such a category of people, the virus is permanently preserved in the body, although it may never show itself throughout life. But, as mentioned above, while reducing the protective functions of the body, the virus is ready to resume its activity, this time in the form of herpes zoster.
In addition, it is transmitted in the same way as the labial one: through contact with virus carriers, through households. Contact with virus carriers is even a simple handshake, a touch. It is enough that there is a virus on a person's skin - and he can easily switch to another person. But with good body resistance after such a contact nothing can absolutely happen and herpes sores will not become a threat to health.
Watch out, herpes!
The most vulnerable to infection with herpes are women, especially during pregnancy. In the same period, the virus is most dangerous in terms of the preservation of the fetus and the health of the child. Therefore, the closest attention should be paid to your health before and during the childbearing, because the main means of combating herpes is a strong immune system.
From the moment the virus is "taken" and until the onset of symptoms, it can take just a few days (if at this moment the body is just weakened), or for many years. The virus will simply be in the body "in standby mode" before the onset of favorable conditions for its development. Herpes begins to manifest as an unpleasant sensation of tingling, swelling of the skin, followed by itching, the appearance of small bubbles filled with lymph, redness and soreness of the skin. Also at this time may appear symptoms similar to those with the flu: fever, muscle pain and weakness.
To avoid meeting such an unpleasant phenomenon as the activation of herpes, it is necessary:
- maintain hygiene;
- do not change sexual partners like gloves;
- avoid close contact with people during the period of active manifestation of the virus in them;
- if there is a focus of inflammation, treat it with an antiseptic and not transfer the virus from the affected area to healthy skin;
- strengthen the immune system so that it can independently resist the virus.
Despite the fact that today it is well known how herpes is transmitted, it is impossible to cure this disease. Therefore, it is necessary to create conditions under which the virus will be safe. A healthy lifestyle, the required amount of physical exertion, a varied and rich in nutrients nutrition, rest in sufficient quantities - this is what will give your body the strength to resist not only any kinds of herpes, but also many other diseases.